Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Children Under Five Years Attending Virikahospital, Kabarole District

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TABLE OF CONTENT

DECLARATION................................................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.

APPROVAL.......................................................................................Error! Bookmark not defined.

DEDICATION ...................................................................................................................................iii

LIST OF ACRONYMS....................................................................................................................... v

OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS.................................................................................... vi

TABLE OF CONTENT .................................................................................................................... vii

ABSTRACT ....................................................................................................................................... ix

CHAPTER ONE.................................................................................................................................. 1

1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 1

1.1Background ................................................................................................................................ 1

1.2Problem Statement ..................................................................................................................... 3

1.3Justification of the study............................................................................................................. 4

1.4 Objectives.................................................................................................................................. 4

1.5 Hypothesis................................................................................................................................. 5

1.6Research questions..................................................................................................................... 5

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW ..................................................................................... 6

CHAPTER THREE: METHODS AND MATERIALS.................................................................... 11

3.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 11

3.1 Study design ............................................................................................................................ 11

3.2 Study site ................................................................................................................................. 11

3.3Study populationand Sample size determination ..................................................................... 11

3.4Sampling techniques................................................................................................................. 12

3.5Data collection.......................................................................................................................... 12

3.6 Quality control......................................................................................................................... 12

3.7 Data analysis............................................................................................................................ 12

3.8 Inclusion / Exclusion criteria................................................................................................... 12

3.9 Ethical considerations.............................................................................................................. 13

CHAPTER FIVE............................................................................................................................... 17

DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS .................................................... 17

viii

5.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................. 17

5.2 CONCLUSIONS..................................................................................................................... 18

5.3 RECOMMENDATION........................................................................................................... 19

REFERENCES.................................................................................................................................. 20

APPENDICES................................................................................................................................... 22

APPENDIX 1: DATA EXTRACTION FORM ............................................................................ 22

APPENDIX 2: TIME FRAME...................................................................................................... 23

APPENDIX 3: BUDGET.............................................................................................................. 24

APPENDIX 4: INTRODUCTORY LETTER……………….……………………………………25

 APPENDIX 5:MAP OF KABAROLE …………………………………………………………...26

ABSTRACT World Health Organization (WHO) estimates in 2012 revealed that up to 74 000 children die from TB each year and children account for around half a million new cases annually (WHO, 2012). This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of Tuberculosis in children under five years attending Virika hospital, Kabarole district. The study used a descriptive retrospective qualitative survey. Result showed thatOut of the 114 child records reviewed, 19(16.7%) had TB. Of these, 14 (73.7%) were male, 5(26.3%) were female. 8(42.1%) were less than 1Year of age, 4(21%) 1 year,4(21%) between 3-4year. 9(47.4%) were clinically examined, while 10(52.6%) were examined with X-ray, 14(73.7%), had contact with TB case, 11(57.9%) were not immunized, 18(94.7%) had nutritional disorders,12(63.2%) had co infections. From these study findings, the prevalence of Tuberculosis in children under five years attending Virika hospital, Kabarole district was high. And thus to ensure that all children exposed to TB are managed and receive with uttermost urgency, health care providers should integrate childhood TB into their services; TB case suspicion/linking and follow up visits for suspects or confirmed cases, provide DOTs at community level, comprehensive diagnosis and management of Co-infections, encourage TB and HIV control programmes.

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APA

NYAKOOJO, M (2022). Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Children Under Five Years Attending Virikahospital, Kabarole District. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-in-children-under-five-years-attending-virikahospital-kabarole-district

MLA 8th

NYAKOOJO, MAGEZI "Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Children Under Five Years Attending Virikahospital, Kabarole District" Afribary. Afribary, 17 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-in-children-under-five-years-attending-virikahospital-kabarole-district. Accessed 30 Nov. 2022.

MLA7

NYAKOOJO, MAGEZI . "Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Children Under Five Years Attending Virikahospital, Kabarole District". Afribary, Afribary, 17 Aug. 2022. Web. 30 Nov. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-in-children-under-five-years-attending-virikahospital-kabarole-district >.

Chicago

NYAKOOJO, MAGEZI . "Prevalence of Tuberculosis in Children Under Five Years Attending Virikahospital, Kabarole District" Afribary (2022). Accessed November 30, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/prevalence-of-tuberculosis-in-children-under-five-years-attending-virikahospital-kabarole-district