Rice Paddy Scheme and Wetland Degradation Tilda Kibimba, Bugiri District, Uganda

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATION

APPROVAL

DEDICATION

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv

ABSTRACT v

LIST OF ACRONYMS vi

CHAPTER ONE 1

INTRODUCTION 1

I .Olntroduction 1

1.1 Background 1

1.3 General objective 4

1.4 Specific objectives 4

1 .5 Research questions 4

1.6 Scope of the study 4

1 .6.1 Geographical Scope 4

1 .6.2 Content Scope 5

1.6.3 Time scope 5

1 .7 Significance of the study 5

LITERATURE REVIEW 7

2.1 Definition of terms 7

2.2 The concept of paddy schemes 8

2.3The concept of wetland degradation 9

2.4 Paddy scheme factors that contribute to wetland degradation 9

2.5 Activities,involved in paddy scheme agriculture 13

2.6 Effects of paddy schemes on wetlands 15

METHODOLOGY 22

3.1 Descriptive Research design 22

3.2 Study area 22

3.2.1 Location of the study area 22

vii

3.2.2 Demographic and Population Profile .23

3.2.3 Climate 23

3.2.4 Soils 24

3.2.5 Wetlands 24

3.3 Study population/target population 24

3.4 Sample and sampling procedure 25

3.4.1 Sampling 25

3.5 Research instruments 25

3.5.1 Questionnaires 26

3.5.2 Interview Schedule 26

3.5.3 Observation 26

3.6 Data analysis 26

3.7 Research procedure 27

3.8 Ethical Considerations 27

3.9 Limitations of the study 27

RESEARCH FINDINGS 28

4.0 Introduction 28

4. 1 Distribution of respondents by sex 28

4.2 Distribution of respondents’ age in percentages 28

4.3 Extension and labour workers’ number of years in rice paddy scheme agriculture 29

4.4 Rice paddy scheme factors 30

4.5.0 Activities involved in rice paddy agriculture 32

4.5.1 Activities that impact negatively on the wetlands 35

4.5.2 Periods of the year when activities are done 36

4.6 Effects of rice paddy scheme agriculture on wetlands 37

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 42

5.0 Conclusions 42

5.1 Recommendations 42

REFERENCES 44

APPENDICES 48

Appendix I-Time schedule 48 

ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to establish the impact of paddy schemes on wetland degradation in Kibimba wetland Bugiri; and in this the major concern was the factors, activities and effects of rice paddy agriculture on wetlands. The study was conducted among surrounding outgrowers, labour workers at the scheme and extension officers of Tilda rice scheme. The literature review covered relevant literature from other previous writers, journals, documentary reviews where factors of rice paddy schemes activities of rice paddy scheme agriculture and effects of rice paddy schemes will be reflected in the Literature review.The study used a descriptive study design in which both qualitative and quantitative methods were adopted. In a cross-sectional survey, a total of 40 farmers will be interviewed using several data collection methods including interviews, informal discussions based on questionnaires and observation .The researcher was focused majorly on the activities involved in rice paddy agriculture and their effects on the wetland ecosystem and this was majorly on observation of these effects and practices.Data was analyzed, coded and presented using pie charts. Factors like continuos cultivation of the wetland leads to depletion of soil nutrients, lack of awareness about wetland conservation, political factors of the rich being given free access to wetland natural resources without follow ups and economic factors were all laeding to wetland degradation. After the study, the researcher found out that rice growing has no impact on the wetland but the problem was with the activities that are involved in rice growing for example during land preparation, the use of chemical to kill weeds was a common practice that changes the wetland ecosystem compostion through contaminating it and making it inhabitable to the different kinds of biodiversity; use of fertilizers that degrade the soil that without using them in a particular season would mean very poor yields, other pests and disease control using chemical for example kills birds and fish in the water; machinized harvesting leads to compaction of the soil particles reducing soil aeration. Therefore, there is wetland degradation taking place at Tilda Uganda Limited but most of the effects can not be easily observed by a lay man physically except a few effects, therby requiring the government to come up and fund environment conservation organizations to there and do scientific studies by for example testing soil samples in laboratories, or else the wetland of Kibimba will soon become a was±e land.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & FRED, I (2022). Rice Paddy Scheme and Wetland Degradation Tilda Kibimba, Bugiri District, Uganda. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/rice-paddy-scheme-and-wetland-degradation-tilda-kibimba-bugiri-district-uganda

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and ISAASI FRED "Rice Paddy Scheme and Wetland Degradation Tilda Kibimba, Bugiri District, Uganda" Afribary. Afribary, 22 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/rice-paddy-scheme-and-wetland-degradation-tilda-kibimba-bugiri-district-uganda. Accessed 26 Sep. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and ISAASI FRED . "Rice Paddy Scheme and Wetland Degradation Tilda Kibimba, Bugiri District, Uganda". Afribary, Afribary, 22 Aug. 2022. Web. 26 Sep. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/rice-paddy-scheme-and-wetland-degradation-tilda-kibimba-bugiri-district-uganda >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and FRED, ISAASI . "Rice Paddy Scheme and Wetland Degradation Tilda Kibimba, Bugiri District, Uganda" Afribary (2022). Accessed September 26, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/rice-paddy-scheme-and-wetland-degradation-tilda-kibimba-bugiri-district-uganda