Risk assessment of urban yellow fever virus transmission in Kenya: is Aedes aegypti an efficient vector?

Abstract:

The absence of urban yellow fever epidemics in East Africa remains a mystery amidst the proliferation of Aedes aegypti in this region. To understand the transmission dynamics of the disease, we tested urban (Mombasa, Kisumu, and Nairobi) Aedes mosquito populations in Kenya for their susceptibility to an East African yellow fever virus (YFV) genotype. Overall, 22% (n = 805) of the Ae. aegypti that were orally challenged with an infectious dose of YFV had a midgut infection, with comparable rates for Mombasa and Kisumu (χ2 = 0.35, df = 1, P = 0.55), but significantly lower rates for Nairobi (χ2 ≥ 11.08, df = 1, P ≤ 0.0009). Variations in YFV susceptibility (midgut infection) among Ae. aegypti subspecies were not associated with discernable cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene haplotypes. Remarkably, no YFV dissemination or transmission was observed among the orally challenged Ae. aegypti populations. Moreover, Ae. aegypti mosquitoes that were intrathoracically inoculated with YFV failed to transmit the virus via capillary feeding. In contrast, dissemination (oral exposure) and transmission (intrathoracic inoculation) of YFV was observed among a few peri-domestic Ae. bromeliae mosquitoes (n = 129) that were assessed from these urban areas. Our study highlights an inefficient urban Ae. aegypti population, and the potential for Ae. bromeliae in sustaining an urban YFV transmission in Kenya. An assessment of urban Ae. aegypti susceptibility to other YFV genotypes, and vector potential of urban Ae. bromeliae populations in Kenya is recommended to guide cost-effective vaccination.
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APA

Public Library, A., Agha, S , Agha, S , Agha, S & Agha, S (2024). Risk assessment of urban yellow fever virus transmission in Kenya: is Aedes aegypti an efficient vector?. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/risk-assessment-of-urban-yellow-fever-virus-transmission-in-kenya-is-aedes-aegypti-an-efficient-vector

MLA 8th

Public Library, Africana, et. al. "Risk assessment of urban yellow fever virus transmission in Kenya: is Aedes aegypti an efficient vector?" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/risk-assessment-of-urban-yellow-fever-virus-transmission-in-kenya-is-aedes-aegypti-an-efficient-vector. Accessed 28 May. 2024.

MLA7

Public Library, Africana, Sheila Agha , Sheila Agha , Sheila Agha and Sheila Agha . "Risk assessment of urban yellow fever virus transmission in Kenya: is Aedes aegypti an efficient vector?". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 28 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/risk-assessment-of-urban-yellow-fever-virus-transmission-in-kenya-is-aedes-aegypti-an-efficient-vector >.

Chicago

Public Library, Africana, Sheila Agha , Sheila Agha , Sheila Agha and Sheila Agha . "Risk assessment of urban yellow fever virus transmission in Kenya: is Aedes aegypti an efficient vector?" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 28, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/risk-assessment-of-urban-yellow-fever-virus-transmission-in-kenya-is-aedes-aegypti-an-efficient-vector