The study sought to establish the school levies charged in secondary schools in
Nyandarua North District and how the levies affected access and retention since the
introduction of the subsidized secondary education policy. The objectives of the study
were to: assess the appropriateness of fees guidelines provided by The Ministry of
Education (MOE) in addressing the financial needs of secondary schools in Nyandarua
North District, document the various school levies charged in secondary schools in
Nyandarua North district, find out how school levies affect student access and retention
in the secondary schools and to determine possible strategies to deal with the problem of
school levies in Nyandarua North District. The study adopted a descriptive survey
design. The population for the study was all the 24 secondary school principals and 168
class teachers in the district and The District Education Officer (DEO) Nyandarua
district. A study sample of 10 principals (42%) and 40 class teachers (24%) were selected
through stratified sampling and simple random sampling techniques. The study
instruments included questionnaires for the school principals and class teachers,
interview schedule for the DEO and document analysis in the sampled schools. Testretest method was used to test the reliability of the questionnaires while validity of the
instruments was determined through guidance from experts who included the supervisors.
Data was coded and keyed in the computer for analysis using the Statistical Package for
Social Scientists (SPSS). Qualitative data was analyzed thematically according to
objectives and presented in narration form according to objectives. Quantitative data were
analyzed by use of descriptive statistics such as averages, percentages, mean and range.
The findings were presented using frequency distribution tables, bar graphs, line graphs
and pie charts. The study revealed that MOE fees guidelines fell short of addressing
financial needs of secondary schools in Nyandarua North District. It was also found out
that secondary education costs remain high despite the government subsidy of Kshs
10,265. This was because of variety of school levies charged in the secondary schools.
Notable effects of school levies on access and retention in the secondary schools was
absenteeism, transition from primary to secondary education and drop outs which
affected poor households. The study recommended that the government should increase
the subsidy particularly targeting the extreme poor cases. Schools should also initiate and
diversify income generating activities. The schools should also partner with well wishers
who include NGOs and old students to assist in funding development projects. Schools
should also procure food stuffs at the right time e.g. during harvest time when supply is
high in order to attract low prices. It was expected that the study would provide the
education policy makers with information showing how school levies influence access
and retention in secondary education despite abolition of tuition fees. This would enable
the policy makers and other educational stakeholders to come up with policy options for
further relieve of cost-burden to poor households. The study would also be significant to
educational institutions in coming up with ways of mobilizing more funds to meet the
high costs of secondary education. The findings would also be important for the policy
makers in exploring cost saving measures instead of always reverting to school levies.
These measures would help in improving the internal efficiency in secondary education.
Edu, F (2021). School Levies And Their Effects On Access And Retention Since The Introduction Of The Subsidized Secondary Education In Nyandarua North District, Kenya. Afribary.com: Retrieved June 19, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/school-levies-and-their-effects-on-access-and-retention-since-the-introduction-of-the-subsidized-secondary-education-in-nyandarua-north-district-kenya
Frontiers, Edu. "School Levies And Their Effects On Access And Retention Since The Introduction Of The Subsidized Secondary Education In Nyandarua North District, Kenya" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 05 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/school-levies-and-their-effects-on-access-and-retention-since-the-introduction-of-the-subsidized-secondary-education-in-nyandarua-north-district-kenya . Accessed 19 Jun. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "School Levies And Their Effects On Access And Retention Since The Introduction Of The Subsidized Secondary Education In Nyandarua North District, Kenya". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 05 Jun. 2021. Web. 19 Jun. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/school-levies-and-their-effects-on-access-and-retention-since-the-introduction-of-the-subsidized-secondary-education-in-nyandarua-north-district-kenya >.
Frontiers, Edu. "School Levies And Their Effects On Access And Retention Since The Introduction Of The Subsidized Secondary Education In Nyandarua North District, Kenya" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed June 19, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/school-levies-and-their-effects-on-access-and-retention-since-the-introduction-of-the-subsidized-secondary-education-in-nyandarua-north-district-kenya