Adolescent childbearing has adverse effects on both mother and child. High fertility and
rapid population growth are direct consequences of early childbearing. For intervention
targeting, it is crucial to know trends and determinants of adolescent childbearing.
The objectives ofthis study were to: (1) describe the trends in adolescent pregnancy and
childbearing in Ghana (2) determine the factors associated with adolescent childbearing
and (3) describe the birth outcome characteristics of adolescent pregnancy.
Using four Ghana Demographic and Health Survey data collected from 1988 to 2003, the
proportions of pregnancies and childbearing among adolescents were calculated using
frequencies and cross-tabulations. The proportion of deliveries in a health facility,
assisted deliveries and low birth weight (LBW) infants was also determined using
frequencies and cross-tabulations. Employing a nested case-control study design,
preliminary bivariate analyses were done to identify various factors associated with
adolescent childbearing. Multiple logistic and linear regression models were used to
examine the independent effect of key predictors on adolescent childbearing.
The rate of adolescent childbearing declined from 35% in 1988 to 23% in 2003. The
proportion of adolescents that were currently pregnant with their first child decreased
from 8% in 1988 to 4% in 2003. From 1993 to 2003, about 41 % of adolescent deliveries
occurred in a health facility. Over the same period, a slightly higher proportion (1.2%) of LBW infants was born to adolescents than adult women. Secondary education had the
strongest effect on delaying first birth during adolescence. Age at marriage had a strong
association with age at first birth. A one year increase in the age at first marriage delays
the age at adolescent first birth by at least 5 months.
From 1988 to 2003 the rate of adolescent childbearing declined in Ghana. Age at
marriage and secondary education are key predictors of adolescent childbearing. This has
policy implications for promoting girls education to at least secondary level and delaying
age at first marriage. Majority of adolescents did not deliver in a health facility. This has
policy implications for making delivery in health facilities more attractive to adolescents.
CDR, C (2021). Secular Trends And Determinants Of Adolescent Childbearing In Ghana: A Review Of Demographic And Health Survey Data (1988-2003). Afribary.com: Retrieved April 16, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/secular-trends-and-determinants-of-adolescent-childbearing-in-ghana-a-review-of-demographic-and-health-survey-data-1988-2003
Coalition, CDR. "Secular Trends And Determinants Of Adolescent Childbearing In Ghana: A Review Of Demographic And Health Survey Data (1988-2003)" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/secular-trends-and-determinants-of-adolescent-childbearing-in-ghana-a-review-of-demographic-and-health-survey-data-1988-2003 . Accessed 16 Apr. 2021.
Coalition, CDR. "Secular Trends And Determinants Of Adolescent Childbearing In Ghana: A Review Of Demographic And Health Survey Data (1988-2003)". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021. Web. 16 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/secular-trends-and-determinants-of-adolescent-childbearing-in-ghana-a-review-of-demographic-and-health-survey-data-1988-2003 >.
Coalition, CDR. "Secular Trends And Determinants Of Adolescent Childbearing In Ghana: A Review Of Demographic And Health Survey Data (1988-2003)" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 16, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/secular-trends-and-determinants-of-adolescent-childbearing-in-ghana-a-review-of-demographic-and-health-survey-data-1988-2003