Forensic microbiology as an evolving field in forensic medicine, is a scientific discipline dedicated to analyzing evidence from a bioterrorism act, biocrime through the study of microorganisms in order to determine the path of an outbreak, the identity of a criminal or the origin of a particular strain of biological weapon or contagion (Budowle et al., 2006). The involvement of microbiology in forensic medicine is known as “microbial
forensics” and its processings involves the sample collection and storage in the crime scene (a major aspect in forensics), sample processing techniques such as the use of restriction endonucleases for cutting of DNA
precisely, PCR amplification for increasing the number of copies of a certain genome, Electrophoresis to separate fragments, hybridization probes to locate specific loci and alleles and southern blotting for producing a
visible record and the maintenance of sterile conditions in the laboratory (Gordon et al., 2003).
Forensic microbiology laboratory for evidence analysis is important because several microorganism have been
seen to play crucial role in determining the path of an outbreak, the identity of a criminal or the origin of a particular strain of biological weapon or contagion. Organisms such as variola major virus (smallpox), Bacillus
anthracis (anthrax), Yersinia pestis (plague), Clostridium botulinum toxin (botulism), Francisella tularensis (tularemia), and viral hemorrhagic fever virus are some of the agents considered as most dangerous in forensic
microbiology because some of them can produce potent toxins, easily disseminated and spread from person to person, causes high mortality rates, public panic and social disruption (Cummings et al., 2002)
Although microbial forensics have some challenges that reduces its efficiencies which are poor collection of samples from attack scenes, fast mutation rate of the microorganisms, poor analysis of the samples and the
validation of quality control and quality assurance of the processes in the laboratory but through carefulness and appropriate checks and approach put in place, these challenges would be minimal (Budowle et al., 2003).
Looking at the activities of microbiology in forensic medicine, it is an indispensable field as about 75% of the work done in forensic medicine is done by microbiologist, which helps to differentiate among natural outbreaks, biocrimes or bioterrorism and also which provide evidence of sufficient quality to support legal proceedings and the development of government policies.
Adeyemi, O (2019). Essentials of Microbiology in Forensic Medicine. Afribary.com: Retrieved September 16, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/seminar-write-up-docx
Oluwadamilola, Adeyemi. "Essentials of Microbiology in Forensic Medicine" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 06 Jun. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/seminar-write-up-docx . Accessed 16 Sep. 2019.
Oluwadamilola, Adeyemi. "Essentials of Microbiology in Forensic Medicine". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 06 Jun. 2019. Web. 16 Sep. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/seminar-write-up-docx >.
Oluwadamilola, Adeyemi. "Essentials of Microbiology in Forensic Medicine" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed September 16, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/seminar-write-up-docx