Type-2 Diabetes is fast attaining pandemic levels. Globally, it exerts a huge toll on patients and
society, physical, financial and psychosocial burden. The objectives of the study include were the
following: to estimate the direct treatment cost (consultation, lab test, treatments) of type-2
diabetes, to estimate the indirect treatment cost (working hours lost, lost wages) of type-2
diabetes, to determine intangible cost (physical pain, psychological pain, social isolation,
anxiety, stress, depression, stigmatization, self-esteem etc.) associated with type-2 diabetes.
The study was a cross-sectional survey study which adopted the cost-of-illness approach to
estimate the socio-economic burden of type-2 diabetes patients. The explanatory variables were
direct, indirect and intangible costs (including socio-behavior factors) of type-2 diabetes. The
study participants were patients with type-2 diabetes who sought care at the out-patient division
of Pantang Government Hospital. The study relied on consecutive random sampling technique.
Data were analyzed using STATA 13 and the excel version 2007.
The overall total direct medical cost and direct non-medical cost of type-2 diabetics was
estimated to be GHS 30,693.50 (USD$ 138, 910.95) with total direct average cost of GHS
4,384.79. With the indirect medical cost, the overall value of time absent from productive work
within past month was estimated as GHS 1,268.08 (US$ 589.50). The mean indirect cost was
GHS 93.67 (95% CI: 0-88.54). With the intangible medical cost, a higher percentage of
complicated diabetic patients suffered severe physical pains (37.86%). The majority of the
patients also indicated that, they got fatigued due to diabetes. About 36.9% of the diabetic
patients reported feeling depressed often while 26.7% were always depressed.
The analysis of estimated total treatment cost and related intangible burden of type-2 diabetes
suggest that the disease posed socio-economic burden on individuals. The complexity of the
disease requires constant and regular treatment regime to avoid complications and its associated
Edu, F (2021). Socio Economic Burden of Type 2 Diabetics Among Patients Attending Patang Hospitals. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 11, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/socio-economic-burden-of-type-2-diabetics-among-patients-attending-patang-hospitals
Frontiers, Edu. "Socio Economic Burden of Type 2 Diabetics Among Patients Attending Patang Hospitals" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/socio-economic-burden-of-type-2-diabetics-among-patients-attending-patang-hospitals . Accessed 11 Apr. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Socio Economic Burden of Type 2 Diabetics Among Patients Attending Patang Hospitals". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021. Web. 11 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/socio-economic-burden-of-type-2-diabetics-among-patients-attending-patang-hospitals >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Socio Economic Burden of Type 2 Diabetics Among Patients Attending Patang Hospitals" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 11, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/socio-economic-burden-of-type-2-diabetics-among-patients-attending-patang-hospitals