Spatio‐temporal characteristics of meteorological drought under changing climate in semi‐arid region of northern Ethiopia

Abstract:

Background: Below-normal availability of water for a considerable period of time induces occurrence of drought. This paper investigates the Spatio-temporal characteristics of meteorological drought under changing climate. The climate change was analyzed using delta based statistical downscaling approach of RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 in R software packages. The meteorological drought was assessed using the Reconnaissance Drought Index (RDI).Results: The result of climate change projections showed that the average annual minimum temperature will be increased by about 0.8–2.9 °C. The mean annual maximum temperature will be also increased by 0.9–3.75 °C. The rainfall projection generally showed an increasing trend, it exhibited an average annual increase of 3.5–13.4% over the study area. The projected drought events reached its maximum severity indicated extreme drought in the years 2043, 2044, 2073, and 2074. The RDI value shows drought will occurred after 1–6 and 2–7 years under RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 emission scenarios respectively over the study area. Almost more than 72% of the current and future spatial coverage of drought in the study area will be afected by extreme drought, 22.3% severely and 5.57% also moderate drought. Conclusions: Therefore, the study helps to provide useful information for policy decision makers to implement diferent adaptation and mitigation measures of drought in the region.
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APA

Yisehak, B (2024). Spatio‐temporal characteristics of meteorological drought under changing climate in semi‐arid region of northern Ethiopia. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/spatio-temporal-characteristics-of-meteorological-drought-under-changing-climate-in-semi-arid-region-of-northern-ethiopia

MLA 8th

Yisehak, Biniyam "Spatio‐temporal characteristics of meteorological drought under changing climate in semi‐arid region of northern Ethiopia" Afribary. Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024, https://afribary.com/works/spatio-temporal-characteristics-of-meteorological-drought-under-changing-climate-in-semi-arid-region-of-northern-ethiopia. Accessed 26 May. 2024.

MLA7

Yisehak, Biniyam . "Spatio‐temporal characteristics of meteorological drought under changing climate in semi‐arid region of northern Ethiopia". Afribary, Afribary, 10 Mar. 2024. Web. 26 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/spatio-temporal-characteristics-of-meteorological-drought-under-changing-climate-in-semi-arid-region-of-northern-ethiopia >.

Chicago

Yisehak, Biniyam . "Spatio‐temporal characteristics of meteorological drought under changing climate in semi‐arid region of northern Ethiopia" Afribary (2024). Accessed May 26, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/spatio-temporal-characteristics-of-meteorological-drought-under-changing-climate-in-semi-arid-region-of-northern-ethiopia