Research Papers/Topics in Hydrogeology

Socio-Economic Constraints To Community Participation In Rural Water Management In Ndarugu-Thiririka Sub-Catchment, Athi Basin, Kenya

ABSTRACT In rural areas, water availability in the right quantity and quality is an important step towards achieving socio-economic development. Thus, the provision of sustainable water supply has been a central issue in Kenya with priority on low-income rural communities and underdeveloped areas with poor water resources. This has forced many rural communities to embrace community management model in rural water systems. However, despite continued large-scale investment by the governme...

Effects Of Land Use On Spring And Streamflow Water Quality In River Malaget Sub-Catchment, Kericho County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Various studies have shown that land use impacts on water quality are attributable to about 80 % of diseases in the developing world. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of land use on water quality in River Malaget sub-catchment. The specific objectives were to: i) establish spring and streamflow water quality; ii) determine the water quality index of the selected sampling points and iii) evaluate the relationship between spring and streamflow water qua...

Analysis Of Household Water Demand, Distribution And Community Management Strategies In Nyangores Subcatchment, Bomet County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Access to quality water remains a key indicator of an improved social and economic life of any community. Due to an increasing human population, changes in land use activities and climate variability, Nyangores Basin in Kenya has been under pressure and for this reason, availability and access to quality and sufficient quantity of water has been adversely affected. Despite government plans to ensure all households access piped water; this has not been achieved as coverage is st...

Assessment Of Water Availability And Accessibility For Healthy And Sustainable Livelihoods In Sankuri And Central Divisions, Garissa County, Kenya

ABSTRACTAvailability and accessibility of safe water is key to sustainable livelihoods in the world hence,poverty eradication and good health leading to agricultural and economic prosperity. Poor wateravailability and accessibility is a pressing problem in developing countries in Africa, therefore,understanding of water as a natural resource and human consumption commodity can help solve theproblem and contribute to achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Kenya is a waterscar...

Hydrochemical Assessment Of Surface Water In Part Of Southeastern Nigeria

ABSTRACTThe area of study occurs mainly within the Calabar Flank and part of the adjacent basement terrain of the Oban Massif. The latter is composed of mainly migmatitic gneisses, phyllites, amphibolites, granites, schists and granodiorites, while the major lithologies of the Calabar Flank include carbonates, shales, claystones and sandstones. This study aims at determining the quality and usability of the water, in addition to ascertaining the possible pollutants and ways to ameliorate thei...

Hydrogeological Characteristics Of Aquifers In The Greater Accra Region

The economic importance of groundwater in the Greater Accra Region cannot be overemphasized, since supply from boreholes and wells continues to be the most dependable alternative sources of water for most rural and urban communities in the region. Three different consolidated hard rocks underlie the region making it difficult to produce volumes of groundwater for supplies. Demand for portable water has led to the drilling of large numbers of boreholes. This study stat...