Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is known to be the oldest form of healthcare
available and are found in almost every country around the world. Complementary and alternative
medicine is used worldwide, both in developed and developing countries. About 80% of people in
developing countries such as China, India, Latin America and large parts of Africa are known to
rely on CAM as a source of primary health care. In Ghana, about 70% of the population depends
on CAM practices for their primary health care needs. Complementary and alternative medicines
was integrated into main healthcare delivery system in Ghana by the Ministry of Health in
September 2012 and LEKMA hospital was one of such institutions. However, much has not been
documented on CAM patronage and it‟s sustainability in the health system.
The study was a cross-sectional design that used both quantitative and qualitative data collection
approach. The quantitative component used an exit interview and a structured questionnaire was
administered to 57 patients attending CAM unit of LEKMA hospital. The qualitative component
purposively selected 5 managers who were heads of the various units in the facility and conducted
in-depth interviews using an interview guide, to assess sustainability of CAM. The study was
conducted between April to June 2017 at the Ledzokuku Krowo Municipal Hospital in Teshie. The
sustainability of CAM from clients‟ perspective was scored using a Likert scale which has five
dimensions. The responses for each dimension and their individual items were determined for each
patient. This was then used to describe the patronage of complementary and alternative medicine
services. For sustainability of CAM from management perspective, Likert scale with three
dimensions were used. The responses for each dimension and their individual items under them
were determined for managers. This then described full sustainability or partial sustainability.
Results were displayed graphically. Proportions and percentages of users of CAM were also
Thematic analysis was used for the qualitative interviews. Appropriate summary tables, graphs and
charts was used to present results. Results
Overall, 73% of the respondents had high patronage of CAM whiles 27% had partial and the
composite score for CAM sustainability was 20% full sustainability and 80% partial sustainability.
The composite score on general belief showed that 82% of the respondents agreed on the belief
statements in CAM. The composite score shows that 80% of the respondents agreed with all the
statements under these domains indicating that location of CAM services and availability of visible
directional signs influenced the patronage of CAM. The composite score for perceived
effectiveness from the three questions under this domain indicated that 83.6% of the respondents
agreed that the patronage of CAM was influenced by their perceived effectiveness. Fifty-one
percent (51%) of the respondents were indifferent on the influence of CAM availability on its
CDR, C (2021). Sustainability Of Complementary And Alternative Medicines At Lekma Hospital.. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 15, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/sustainability-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-at-lekma-hospital
Coalition, CDR. "Sustainability Of Complementary And Alternative Medicines At Lekma Hospital." Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/sustainability-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-at-lekma-hospital . Accessed 15 Apr. 2021.
Coalition, CDR. "Sustainability Of Complementary And Alternative Medicines At Lekma Hospital.". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 05 Apr. 2021. Web. 15 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/sustainability-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-at-lekma-hospital >.
Coalition, CDR. "Sustainability Of Complementary And Alternative Medicines At Lekma Hospital." Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 15, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/sustainability-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-at-lekma-hospital