The Influence Of The Physical School Environment on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State.

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The academic performance of students has associated with several factors of which the physical environment of the school is a vital factor. Understanding this influence and the degree of impact is significant in devising means of improving the learning outcome of Students. This underlying phenomenon formed the basis for the conduct of a study in Ilorin Local Government Area (LGA). The study evaluated the influence of the School’s physical environment on academic performance of Students. A total of 250 Students formed the total study population drawn from five (5) private and five (5) public schools. Simple random samplingtechnique was used to administer questionnaires which was structured to reflect responses from Secondary School Students as it related to the immediate environment, location of schools, distance of students home from school, state of the classroom, availability of amenities and recreational facilities. The study utilized a descriptivesurvey research design that ensured that each member of the target population had an equal and independent chance of being included in the sample. Five (5) research questions were raised for the study and five (5) hypothesis were teste. Data obtained was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statisticaltechniques embedded in SPSS-20. Data obtained from analyzed responses was presented in three forms; Demographic characteristic, descriptive analysis and inferential analysis. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the five (5) research questions posed for the study. T-tests statistic was used in testing the five (5) hypotheses formulated at 0.05 level of significant at 249 degree of freedom were all accepted with calculated t-test values being less than the respective table values. The immediate environment surrounding the school had significant impact on students irrespective of whether it is in the Rural or Urban community. Students in Schools with adequate facilities and good school building designs and infrastructures were positively influenced for better academic performance




Title page                                                                                                                    i

Certification                                                                                                               .ii

Dedication                                                                                                                  iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                                      .iv

Abstract                                                                                                                      v

Table of contents                                                                                                        vii


Background to the study                                                                                             1

Statement of the problem                                                                                           12

Purpose of the study                                                                                                   13

Significance of the study                                                                                            14

Scope of the study                                                                                                      15

Research Questions                                                                                                    15

Research Hypotheses                                                                                                  16

Definition of key terms                                                                                              17


Concept of Environment                                                                                            19

Concept of Academic performance                                                                           21

Physical Environment of Educational Institutions                                                     .23

Secondary Educational in Ilorin West Local Government                                        24

Studies on Physical Environment and Students’ Academic Performance                 29

Appraisal of the Literature Review                                                                            36


Research Design                                                                                                         37

Population of the study                                                                                               37

Sample and Sampling Technique                                                                               38

Research Instrument                                                                                                   39

Validity and Reliability of the Instrument                                                                 39

Procedure for Data Analysis                                                                                      40

Method of Data Analysis                                                                                           40


Analysis of data to answer the research questions                                                     41

Finding of study                                                                                                          80

Hypotheses testing                                                                                                     85

Discussion of findings                                                                                                89


Summary of findings                                                                                                  91

Conclusion                                                                                                                  92

Recommendations                                                                                                      93

Suggestion for further findings                                                                                  94

REFERENCES                                                                                                          95


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Frontiers, E. & Deborah, A (2021). The Influence Of The Physical School Environment on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State.. Afribary. Retrieved from

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and ADEYEYE Deborah "The Influence Of The Physical School Environment on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State." Afribary. Afribary, 18 Dec. 2021, Accessed 02 Jul. 2022.


Frontiers, Edu, and ADEYEYE Deborah . "The Influence Of The Physical School Environment on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State.". Afribary, Afribary, 18 Dec. 2021. Web. 02 Jul. 2022. < >.


Frontiers, Edu and Deborah, ADEYEYE . "The Influence Of The Physical School Environment on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in Ilorin West Local Government Area, Kwara State." Afribary (2021). Accessed July 02, 2022.