The Perception of the Local Communities of Ishaka Town Council Towards Psychiatric Patients and Services at Kampala International Universities Teaching Hospital

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DECLARATIONS........................................................................................................................... I

APPROVAL ................................................................................................................................... II

DEDICATION............................................................................................................................... III

LIST OF ACRONYMS..................................................................................................................IV

TABLE OF CONTENTS................................................................................................................ V

LIST OF FIGURES ............................................................................................................................. VI

LIST OF TABLES .............................................................................................................................VII

ABSTRACT..............................................................................................................................VIII

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION......................................................................................... 1

1.0 GENERAL INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................... 1

1.1 BACKGROUND............................................................................................................................ 1

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM ................................................................................................... 2

1.3 JUSTIFICATION OF STUDY........................................................................................................... 3

1.4 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES.............................................................................................................. 3

1.4.1 Broad Objectives.................................................................................................................... 3

1.4.2 Specific Objectives................................................................................................................. 3

1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS............................................................................................................... 3

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY................................................................................................................. 4

1.6.1 Time Scope ............................................................................................................................. 4

1.6.2 Content Scope ........................................................................................................................ 4

1.6.3 Geographical Scope............................................................................................................... 4

1.7 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK ....................................................................................................... 5

1.7.1 Diagrammatic Conceptual Framework ................................................................................. 5

1.7.2 DESCRIPTION OF THE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK................................................................... 5

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW............................................................................ 6

2.0 GENERAL INTRODUCTIONS......................................................................................................... 6

2.1 PREVIOUS LITERATURE.............................................................................................................. 6

CHAPTER THREE: STUDY METHODOLOGY.................................................................. 11

vi

3.1 STUDY AREA............................................................................................................................ 11

3.2 STUDY POPULATION................................................................................................................. 11

3.3 STUDY DESIGN......................................................................................................................... 11

3.4 INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA..................................................................................... 11

3.4.1. Inclusion Criteria................................................................................................................ 11

3.4.2 Exclusion Criteria................................................................................................................ 11

3.5 SAMPLE SIZE............................................................................................................................ 11

3.6 DATA ANALYSIS ...................................................................................................................... 12

3.7 ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS...................................................................................................... 12

3.8 ANTICIPATED CHALLENGES ..................................................................................................... 13

CHAPTER FOUR: STUDY FINDINGS .................................................................................. 14

CHAPTER FIVE ........................................................................................................................ 17

DISCUSSION, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATION ........................................... 17

5.1 DISCUSSIONS............................................................................................................................ 17

5.2 CONCLUSION............................................................................................................................ 19

5.3 RECOMMENDATION.................................................................................................................. 19

APPENDICES............................................................................................................................. 20

APPENDIX I: WORK SCHEDULE...................................................................................................... 20

APPENDICES II: BUDGET................................................................................................................ 21

APPENDIX III: DATA COLLECTION TOOL ...................................................................................... 22

APPENDIX IV: MAP OF UGANDA SHOWING ISHAKA BUSHENYI..................................................... 25

REFERENCES .............................................................................................................................. 26

Abstract The prevailing view of health-related stigma is that it refers to perceived, enacted, or anticipated avoidance or social exclusion, and not to an individual blemish or mark (Weiss, Ramakrishna &Somma 2006; Goffman 1963). Embarrassment associated with accessing mental health services is one of the many barriers that cause people to hide their symptoms and to prevent them from getting necessary treatment for their mental illness symptoms (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1999; 2001; Greene-Shortridge et al., 2007; Nadeem et al., 2007). A community based survey was conducted within Ishaka town in Bweziryze ward involving 73 respondents and 7 key informants to determine the attitudes of the local community of ishaka towards psychiatric patients and services at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital. The study showed that most of the respondents did not seek psychiatric services from KIUTH, 74(93.67%) and those who sought services from KIUTH was 5(7.33%) of the respondents, and that most respondents believed that mental illness can be cured 32(40.5%), and most of the KIs agreed that mental health problems are common in their society and yet the understanding about this problem is low. According to the group of respondents, the most common causes of the mental health in the community is drugs and substance abuse, traditional causes (mostly mentioned was bewitching and bad lack), and that they were not sure of the cause. This study concluded that the utilization of psychiatric services from KIUTH is low and this is due to the divided opinions on the causes and outcomes of psychiatric illness among the communities in Ishaka town council in Bushenyi district. The study recommended that; The hospital should conduct community based mental health education to improve community understanding on the cause and outcomes of mental health, the hospital should liras with local leaders to address the challenges of drug abuse that was consistently reported by the community as the common cause of mental health problem within ix Ishaka town council and he university should carry out more studies with a wider scope to describe the pattern of utilisation of psychiatric services from alternative sources to improve on advocacy and education about mental health problems.

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APA

KATAZZA, S (2022). The Perception of the Local Communities of Ishaka Town Council Towards Psychiatric Patients and Services at Kampala International Universities Teaching Hospital. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/the-perception-of-the-local-communities-of-ishaka-town-council-towards-psychiatric-patients-and-services-at-kampala-international-universities-teaching-hospital

MLA 8th

KATAZZA, SIMON "The Perception of the Local Communities of Ishaka Town Council Towards Psychiatric Patients and Services at Kampala International Universities Teaching Hospital" Afribary. Afribary, 25 Aug. 2022, https://afribary.com/works/the-perception-of-the-local-communities-of-ishaka-town-council-towards-psychiatric-patients-and-services-at-kampala-international-universities-teaching-hospital. Accessed 30 Jan. 2023.

MLA7

KATAZZA, SIMON . "The Perception of the Local Communities of Ishaka Town Council Towards Psychiatric Patients and Services at Kampala International Universities Teaching Hospital". Afribary, Afribary, 25 Aug. 2022. Web. 30 Jan. 2023. < https://afribary.com/works/the-perception-of-the-local-communities-of-ishaka-town-council-towards-psychiatric-patients-and-services-at-kampala-international-universities-teaching-hospital >.

Chicago

KATAZZA, SIMON . "The Perception of the Local Communities of Ishaka Town Council Towards Psychiatric Patients and Services at Kampala International Universities Teaching Hospital" Afribary (2022). Accessed January 30, 2023. https://afribary.com/works/the-perception-of-the-local-communities-of-ishaka-town-council-towards-psychiatric-patients-and-services-at-kampala-international-universities-teaching-hospital