The aim of this chapter is to present the introductory part of this project work, sub-divided into the following sub-heading, example are background of the study, statement of the problems etc.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
The aim of this chapter is to review the literature of study.
THE CONCEPT OF LEADERSHIP AND PRODUCTIVITY
Leadership has often been likened to managerial leadership but the concept can be traced in both formal and informal organizations. One can manage without leading by simple adhering to the statuesque. The manager able to direct people through the use of formal authority while on the other hand the leader lead through the use of informal authority. The effective manager is one who is able to combine both qualities.
Max (1992) defined leadership as “an influence process dynamics of which are a function of personal characteristic of a leader and follower and the nature of the specific situation”.
Stone in Agbo (2002) also defined leadership as “a person appointed to organize task related activities towards the attainment of group goals or objectives”.
Abraham (1991) defined leadership as “the interpersonal process by which managers influence employees to accomplish set task goal. The art of the creative leader is the art of institution building the re-working of human and technological materials to fashion an organism that embodies new and enduring values. The fact accomplished by leadership is to transform a institution of people who feels committed to arising its goals who identify with the company and find working in it, a meaning constructive part of their laves.
Nwandu, et al (2002) defined leadership as the activity of influencing people to co-operate towards some goal which they came to find desirable” real leadership is interested in how people can be brought to work together for a common end effectively and happily.
Drucker (1984) toe be productive and efficient the enterprises need the abilities initiatives and co-operation of every workers more than any previous system of production, its resources are its greatest assets, and the one least used”. When an employee is allowed to participate the organization, he personally devices. Joy in seeing what he suggested being implemented. This increases his morals. This help in increasing their productivity.
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