Toxicity Study Of Two Herbs Used By Traditional Heales Of Rukararwe To Treat Herpes Zoster In Patients

ABSTRACT

Background

Despite the fact that herbal medicines are used by 80% of the World's population (WHO, 2002)

and are the main source of health care in the rural communities and the most preferred form of

treatment of HIV-related symptoms (Orisatoki and Oguntibeju, 2010), less than 10% of herbal

products in the world market are truly standardized to a known active and/or toxic components

(Winston et al., 2007). Study carried out in Western Uganda reported 32.8% of same-day use of

herbal medicine and pharmaceutical drugs by HIV patients (Deanne et al., 2007). Herpes zoster

as a common disease in HIV patients is treated by traditional healers of Rukararwe with herbal

preparations without any knowledge on the possible interactions between the treatments and lack

of documented evidences to support their claim.

Aim

The aim or the study was to participate in the compilation of their traditional knowledge and

make it available for future research, and also to avail the healers with the information on

scienti fie literature. The study also evaluates the toxicity and interaction with ARV s of herbs

used by traditional healers of Rukararwe in the treatment of Herpes zoster infection in HIVpositive

patients.

Materials and Methods

Different concentrations of aqueous and ethanol extracts of Warbugia ugandensis with or

without food were fed on Drosophila melanogaster and acute toxicity, locomotion assay,

longevity study of the flies was done in 3 replicates, together with preliminary phytochemical

screening of different extracts. Sesbania sesban (l.33μg/100μ1) with or without ARVs (AZT,

L VD and NVP) were fed on D. melanogaster and copulation and mating assay, locomotion

assay. longevity study of the flies was done in 3 replicates.

Results and Discussion

Traditional healers mostly used oral formulation (80%), herbs for treating herpes zoster (40%).

Steroids. Terpenoids and Glycosides were present in all extracts of W. ugandensis. Extracts of W

ugandensis were not toxic after I hour of exposure. Ethanol extract of W. ugandensis decreased

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APA

HALILU, A (2021). Toxicity Study Of Two Herbs Used By Traditional Heales Of Rukararwe To Treat Herpes Zoster In Patients. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/toxicity-study-of-two-herbs-used-by-traditional-heales-of-rukararwe-to-treat-herpes-zoster-in-patients

MLA 8th

HALILU, AHMAD "Toxicity Study Of Two Herbs Used By Traditional Heales Of Rukararwe To Treat Herpes Zoster In Patients" Afribary. Afribary, 04 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/toxicity-study-of-two-herbs-used-by-traditional-heales-of-rukararwe-to-treat-herpes-zoster-in-patients. Accessed 24 May. 2024.

MLA7

HALILU, AHMAD . "Toxicity Study Of Two Herbs Used By Traditional Heales Of Rukararwe To Treat Herpes Zoster In Patients". Afribary, Afribary, 04 Jun. 2021. Web. 24 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/toxicity-study-of-two-herbs-used-by-traditional-heales-of-rukararwe-to-treat-herpes-zoster-in-patients >.

Chicago

HALILU, AHMAD . "Toxicity Study Of Two Herbs Used By Traditional Heales Of Rukararwe To Treat Herpes Zoster In Patients" Afribary (2021). Accessed May 24, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/toxicity-study-of-two-herbs-used-by-traditional-heales-of-rukararwe-to-treat-herpes-zoster-in-patients

Document Details
AHMAD HALILU Field: Pharmacy Type: Thesis 53 PAGES (10737 WORDS) (pdf)