This chapter highlights the background of the study, statement of the problem, purpose of the study,
objectives of the study, research questions, hypothesis, scope of the study, significance of the study.
Also pointed out are the limitations and the delimitations of the study.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In 1996 while launching his manifesto, president of Uganda, Yoweri Kaguta Museveni committed
himself and declared to introduce Universal Primary Education (UPE) to four children per family
priorities being given to children with disabilities and girls. Soon after the victory of Y oweri Kaguta
Museveni as president of Republic of Uganda,Mayanja Nkangi Minster of finance, Economic
development and planning in his budget reading confirmed that UPE will be introduced in 1996/1997
financial year (John Kakande the new vision June 1996) reported.
UPE is a guideline policy for education which came up as the result of world conference of education
for ALL that was held in Thailand. This is line with former lecturer at the University of Daresalam,
who is one of the pragmatic leaders in the transformation and modernization of society through
elimination of literacy by providing education for ALL irrespective of ones disability or any other
categorization. Although UPE appeared in Museveni's manifesto, it was already studied and
documented in the Uganda education review Commission report and the same report which is referred
to as Kajubi's report was presented to the government of Uganda and it came up with a working
document !mown as The government white paper on education 1992.
As very many commissions have been put in place to study the education systems of Uganda a lot of
reforms have been observed since the time of independence to date. In the previous report known as
the Kajubi's report, recommended for universalisation of education and it was introduced with a lot of
enthusiasm, joy as well as blessing in disguise. While the Introduction of UPE seen as a blessing, on
the other hand, it also had related problems like drastic change in enrolment in UPE schools from 2.5
million pupils by 1996 to 6million in 1997. It is because of this reason that the researcher needed to
cany out a study focusing his attention on the following areas;
The introduction of UPE meant that more classrooms were to be built to accommodate the tippled
enrolment in primary schools.
JULIUS, A (2021). Universal Primary Education And Pupils Academic Perfomance In Kiry Anga Subcounty Kibaale District Uganda. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/universal-primary-education-and-pupils-academic-perfomance-in-kiry-anga-subcounty-kibaale-district-uganda
JULIUS, ALINDA "Universal Primary Education And Pupils Academic Perfomance In Kiry Anga Subcounty Kibaale District Uganda" Afribary. Afribary, 11 Jun. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/universal-primary-education-and-pupils-academic-perfomance-in-kiry-anga-subcounty-kibaale-district-uganda. Accessed 29 Jul. 2021.
JULIUS, ALINDA . "Universal Primary Education And Pupils Academic Perfomance In Kiry Anga Subcounty Kibaale District Uganda". Afribary, Afribary, 11 Jun. 2021. Web. 29 Jul. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/universal-primary-education-and-pupils-academic-perfomance-in-kiry-anga-subcounty-kibaale-district-uganda >.
JULIUS, ALINDA . "Universal Primary Education And Pupils Academic Perfomance In Kiry Anga Subcounty Kibaale District Uganda" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 29, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/universal-primary-education-and-pupils-academic-perfomance-in-kiry-anga-subcounty-kibaale-district-uganda