WATER SUPPLY PLANNING IN ARAWA, GOMBE STATE

 
ABSTRACT
Water is one of the most important natural resources for all life on earth. The availability and quality of water always have played an important part in determining not only where people can live, but also their quality of life. Even though there always has been plenty of fresh water on earth, water has not always been available when and where it is needed, nor is it always of suitable quality for all uses. Water must be considered as a finite resource that has limits and boundaries to its availability and suitability for use.Inadequate water supply in  Arawa  area  of  Gombe  has  been  associated  with  lack  of accessibility  and   population increase . As population of the area increases with time, competition for water demand also increases which outweighs the supply of water in the area thereby rendering water supply inadequate.Also reasons such as the inability to extract water from  sources  due to non-distribution of  public  water  supply  systems  and  lack of  maintenance  of  water facilities in the study area  have  contributed  to  the  insufficiency  of  water  supply.The  survey  was  carried  out  as  a  result  of  the  inadequacies  in  the  provision  of  public  water  supply  in  Arawa  community. So far, the  research  was  able  to  dictate  the  nature  and  problems  of  water  supply  in  the  study  area. The  field  survey  and  analysis  shows  that  the  problem  of  water  supply  in   the  area  ranges  from  the  absence  of  public  pipe  borne  water  which  have  been  related  to  the  neglect  of  the  area  by  the  state  water  corporation  board, poor  maintenance  of  facilities  due  to  lack  of  funds  as  well  as  the  rapid  population  growth  of  the  area.







TABLE OF CONTENTS


CHAPTER ONE


1.0INTRODUCTION
1.1STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEMS
1.2AIM AND OBJECTIVES                     
1.2.0     Aim 
1.2.1 Objectives   of   the   Study
1.3SCOPE   AND   LIMITATION
1.4TYPES OF DATA REQUIRED
1.5  RESEARCH   METHODOLOGY
1.5.1SOURCES OF DATA
1.6  HOUSEHOLD   SURVEY
 1.7 DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
1.8 SAMPLE   SELECTION   AND   METHOD
1.8.1       SAMPLE   FRAME
1.8.2       SAMPLE   SIZE
1.8.3       SAMPLING   TECHNIQUES

CHAPTER TWO
2.0 CONCEPT AND STRATEGY OF URBAN WATER SUPPLY IN VARIOUS LANDUSES
2.1 STRATEGY FOR WATER SUPPLY WORLDWIDE
 2.2 CHARACTERISTICS OF WATER SUPPLY IN NIGERIA
2.2.1 CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS
2.2.2BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS;
 
2.2.3 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
2.3  SOURCES OF URBAN WATER 
 2.4  CONCEPT   OF   WATER   DEMAND   AND   SUPPLY
2.4.1WATER   DEMAND   CONCEPT
  2.4.2   WATER   SUPPLY   CONCEPT.
             2.4.3WATER   DEMAND   IN   THE   RESIDENTIAL   AREAS
     2.4.4  WATER QUANTITY
2.4.5  WATER QUALITY
2.5 PLANNING STANDARDS FOR DOMESTIC WATER REQUIREMENTS


2.6  WATER DEMAND/ USE IN DIFFERENT LANDUSE
2.6.1 DOMESTIC/ RESIDENTIAL LANDUSE 
 2.6.2  COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL
 2.6.3  URBAN WATER DEMAND FOR FIRE FIGHTING PROTECTION
 
2.7  WATER DISTRIBUTION
   CHAPTER THREE
3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
3.1.2CULTURE
3.1.3  VEGETATION
3.1.4 ECONOMY
3.1.2GEOLOGY
3.1.3LOCATION
3.1.4CLIMATE
3.1.5TEMPERATURE
3.1.6POPULATION


CHAPTER FOUR
4.0. DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS 
4.1 THE LAND USE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE STUDY AREA

4.6 SOURCES OF WATER IN ARAWA

4.7 FUNCTIONALITY OF THE WATER SOURCES 
4.8  PUBLIC  WELLS  FUNCTIONALITY
4.9  BOREHOLES(GROUND  WATER) 
4.10  EXISTING WATER  DEMAND  IN  ARAWA
4.11  HOUSE  TYPE
.
4.12 DISTANCE FROM SOURCE
4.13  PROBLEMS  IDENTIFIED  WITH  SHORTAGE  OF  WATER  IN  THE  STUDY  AREA
4.14SUMMARY OF FINDINGS


CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 PLANNING PROPOSALS FOR WATER SUPPLY IN ARAWA, GOMBE.
5.1 PLANNING PROPOSALS
5.2    PHASES OF IMPLEMENTATION
5.3    PHASE 1(2015-2018)
5.4    PROJECTED  POPULATION  FOR  PHASE  1  (2O15-2018)
5.5   PHASE  2(2017-2020)
.
5.6   PROJECTED  POPULATION  FOR  PHASE  2(2018-2021)
5.7   RECOMMENDATIONS
5.8    CONCLUSIONS

REFERENCES

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APA

Ibraheem, A. (2018). WATER SUPPLY PLANNING IN ARAWA, GOMBE STATE. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/water-supply-planning-in-arawa-gombe-state-3181

MLA 8th

Ibraheem, Aminuddeen "WATER SUPPLY PLANNING IN ARAWA, GOMBE STATE" Afribary. Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018, https://afribary.com/works/water-supply-planning-in-arawa-gombe-state-3181. Accessed 23 May. 2024.

MLA7

Ibraheem, Aminuddeen . "WATER SUPPLY PLANNING IN ARAWA, GOMBE STATE". Afribary, Afribary, 29 Jan. 2018. Web. 23 May. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/water-supply-planning-in-arawa-gombe-state-3181 >.

Chicago

Ibraheem, Aminuddeen . "WATER SUPPLY PLANNING IN ARAWA, GOMBE STATE" Afribary (2018). Accessed May 23, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/water-supply-planning-in-arawa-gombe-state-3181