Background: Hypertension is fast becoming a global public health issue especially in
developing countries. However, very little is known about the disease and its associated
risk factors in Ghana particularly among nurses.
Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between workrelated stress and hypertension among nurses at Ridge Regional Hospital, Accra, Ghana.
Methods: Participants of this cross-sectional study included 208 nurses randomly
selected from six (6) departments at Ridge hospital. Of this, 200 nurses (representing
96.2%) were eligible and consented to participate in the study. Data was collected
between May and June, 2015. The Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) was adapted to
measure work-related stress while blood pressure was measured with a digital
sphygmomanometer at least twice with a 5 minutes resting time and hypertension was
defined according to the guideline of the National Institute for Health and Care
Results: The mean age of nurses was 33 years. The prevalence of work-related stress was
68% while the prevalence of hypertension was 19.5% at Ridge hospital, Accra. Sixtynine and half percent of nurses were aware of their hypertension status. Approximately
ninety percent of hypertensive nurses were seen among nurses with high job strain. The
crude relative risk in the association between high job strain (work-related stress) and
hypertension in this study was 4.12 (95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1.53, 11.10). Upon
adjusting for age, marital status, rank, body mass index, physical activity, family history of hypertension, smoking and alcohol consumption, the adjusted relative risk was
5.57(95% CI: 2.25, 13.76).
Conclusion: A significant number of nurses reported experiencing high job strain and
perceived work-related stress was found to be significantly associated with hypertension.
It is specifically possible that work-related stress is a contributory factor to the presence
of hypertension among nurses at Ridge hospital, Accra.
CDR, C (2021). Work-Related Stress And Hypertension Among Nurses At Ridge Hospital, Accra, Ghana. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 15, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/work-related-stress-and-hypertension-among-nurses-at-ridge-hospital-accra-ghana
Coalition, CDR. "Work-Related Stress And Hypertension Among Nurses At Ridge Hospital, Accra, Ghana" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 07 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/work-related-stress-and-hypertension-among-nurses-at-ridge-hospital-accra-ghana . Accessed 15 Apr. 2021.
Coalition, CDR. "Work-Related Stress And Hypertension Among Nurses At Ridge Hospital, Accra, Ghana". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 07 Apr. 2021. Web. 15 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/work-related-stress-and-hypertension-among-nurses-at-ridge-hospital-accra-ghana >.
Coalition, CDR. "Work-Related Stress And Hypertension Among Nurses At Ridge Hospital, Accra, Ghana" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 15, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/work-related-stress-and-hypertension-among-nurses-at-ridge-hospital-accra-ghana