Youth Empowerment And Livelihoods: A Case Of Rural Youth Registered In Groups Involved In Horticulture Production In Trans Nzoia County, Kenya

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ABSTRACT

In Kenya, 35% of the Kenyan population is youth of ages between 15 to 34 years old. They are recognized as Kenya’s most critical untapped resource with the highest unemployment rate of 67%. Due to the increasing population of unemployed youths in Kenya, the Government of Kenya (GoK) started youth initiatives programs to provide training and Internship aimed at providing relevant work experience and skills to enhance sustainable livelihoods and selfemployment. Kenya’s agriculture sector is the largest foreign exchange earner taking10 per cent annual economic growth, with horticulture taking 4 per cent making it a popular industry for providing informal self-employment and income generating opportunities. The purpose of the study was to establish the extent to which youth empowerment activities will have on their livelihoods. The study was guided by the following specific objectives: To determine the influence of financial literacy trainings, provision of start-up capital influence, market linkages and horticulture empowerment on livelihood of the youth in Trans Nzoia East. The study was be guided by Critical social theory of youth empowerment, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory and theory of growth. The study employed descriptive research design where a target population of 99 registered youth groups in Trans Nzoia East Sub County consisting of 2,024 members and a target sample size of 110 was drawn. These groups participated in the youth empowerment in sustainable agriculture (YESA) project. Probability sampling and Yamane’s formula were used to draw 22 groups that participated in the study. Systematic sampling was used to select number of members per group. Primary data was collected using structured questionnaire. Reliability of the data collection instruments was done using Cronbach’s alpha. Validity was done through pre-test to check inadequacies on the tools before actual data collection. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data by giving the standard deviations, mean, percentages and inferential statistics in the form of correlation tests and regression analysis. Results were presented using tables, pie charts and bar graphs. The study established that financial literacy trainings had significant and positive effect on the livelihoods of the youth as the youth realized that they had a challenge in keeping records and that their level of education contributed to the slow uptake of understanding the record keeping concepts. The study also revealed that there was a significant and positive effect on the provision of startup capital to the livelihoods of the youth which enabled them to start their horticulture enterprises, enabled them to borrow loans and earn incomes. The linkage to markets also revealed a significant and positive effect on the youths’ livelihoods as it showed that market accessibility and information was important as it allowed availability of ready market for their horticulture products boosted their income generation. Horticulture empowerment of the youth also displayed a significant and positive effect on their livelihoods as it provided an opportunity for the youth to participate in savings and credit activities that allowed them to accumulate money to invest in the horticulture enterprises. It also allowed them to appreciate that horticulture provides an avenue for self-employment as it gave most of the youth opportunity to manage and make decisions on the operations of their own horticulture enterprises. It was recommended that youth empowerment programs. Promotion of horticulture production as an employment opportunity for the youth should be emphasized with the aim of increasing quality and quantity of harvest and income to achieve lasting impacts.

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APA

Frontiers, E. & MARY, N (2021). Youth Empowerment And Livelihoods: A Case Of Rural Youth Registered In Groups Involved In Horticulture Production In Trans Nzoia County, Kenya. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/youth-empowerment-and-livelihoods-a-case-of-rural-youth-registered-in-groups-involved-in-horticulture-production-in-trans-nzoia-county-kenya

MLA 8th

Frontiers, Edu, and NYALE MARY "Youth Empowerment And Livelihoods: A Case Of Rural Youth Registered In Groups Involved In Horticulture Production In Trans Nzoia County, Kenya" Afribary. Afribary, 28 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/youth-empowerment-and-livelihoods-a-case-of-rural-youth-registered-in-groups-involved-in-horticulture-production-in-trans-nzoia-county-kenya. Accessed 02 Oct. 2022.

MLA7

Frontiers, Edu, and NYALE MARY . "Youth Empowerment And Livelihoods: A Case Of Rural Youth Registered In Groups Involved In Horticulture Production In Trans Nzoia County, Kenya". Afribary, Afribary, 28 May. 2021. Web. 02 Oct. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/youth-empowerment-and-livelihoods-a-case-of-rural-youth-registered-in-groups-involved-in-horticulture-production-in-trans-nzoia-county-kenya >.

Chicago

Frontiers, Edu and MARY, NYALE . "Youth Empowerment And Livelihoods: A Case Of Rural Youth Registered In Groups Involved In Horticulture Production In Trans Nzoia County, Kenya" Afribary (2021). Accessed October 02, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/youth-empowerment-and-livelihoods-a-case-of-rural-youth-registered-in-groups-involved-in-horticulture-production-in-trans-nzoia-county-kenya