A Phonological Analysis of the Spoken English of the Efik-English Bilinguals

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ABSTRACT 


The contact between English and Efik phonological features gives rise to problems that are exhibited by the Efik-English bilinguals as second language speakers. The aim of this study is to  describe the segmental  units  of  the  spoken English  of  the Efik-English  bilinguals.  The 

study has its theoretical thrust on Contrastive analysis by Lado (1957) which describes the systems of languages by comparing them with others and predicting areas of difficulties so that  the  L2  learning  difficulties  are  eased.  It  identifies  sounds  in  English  that  present 

difficulty to Efik speakers of English and how these sounds are been realised. Primary and Secondary  method  of  data  collection  were  employed  to  elicit  information  from  30 respondents using random sampling technique. The analysis reveals that Efik has 21 phonetic 

consonants and 9 phonetic vowels, of which 15 consonants and 6 vowels are phonemic. The English segment as in [g, v, θ, ð, z, ʃ, ʒ, tʃ, dʒ] and [æ, ɒ, ʒ:, ə, ʌ, iə, eə, uə, əu, au] are absent 

in  the  Efik  sound  inventory,  thus  poses  pronunciation  difficulty  for  the  Efik-English bilinguals. 


Keywords: Efik, phonology, segment, allophone, bilingual, contrastive analyis

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APA

Ukpe, Q. (2021). A Phonological Analysis of the Spoken English of the Efik-English Bilinguals. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/a-phonological-analysis-of-the-spoken-english-of-the-efik-english-bilinguals-pdf

MLA 8th

Ukpe, Queen "A Phonological Analysis of the Spoken English of the Efik-English Bilinguals" Afribary. Afribary, 07 Jul. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/a-phonological-analysis-of-the-spoken-english-of-the-efik-english-bilinguals-pdf. Accessed 24 Jul. 2021.

MLA7

Ukpe, Queen . "A Phonological Analysis of the Spoken English of the Efik-English Bilinguals". Afribary, Afribary, 07 Jul. 2021. Web. 24 Jul. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/a-phonological-analysis-of-the-spoken-english-of-the-efik-english-bilinguals-pdf >.

Chicago

Ukpe, Queen . "A Phonological Analysis of the Spoken English of the Efik-English Bilinguals" Afribary (2021). Accessed July 24, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/a-phonological-analysis-of-the-spoken-english-of-the-efik-english-bilinguals-pdf