Additive Stabilization Of Plasmodium Proteins Present In Dried Infected Blood Specimens

ABSTRACT

Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are a great achievement to the implementation of parasite based diagnosis before treatment. They use a nitrocellulose strip coated with antibodies that target the Plasmodium antigens; histidine rich protein II (HRP2), lactose dehydrogenase (LDH), and aldolase. A major drawback of the method is that the majority of RDTs do not have positive control materials to test different batches of RDTs at the point of care. Dried Plasmodium-infected samples with the RDT target antigens has been suggested as a possible positive control, but their utility is hampered by rapid loss of activity over time and variability of performance over different ranges of temperatures. This study hypothesized that the temporal and thermal stability HRP2, LDH and Aldolase can be improved by addition of chemical additives. The objectives of the study were to determine the effect of chemical additives on temporal stability of HRP2, LDH and aldolase proteins as well as to investigate the effect of chemical additives on thermal stability of HRP2, LDH and aldolase proteins, and finally, to compare the effect of chemical additives on stability of HRP2, LDH and aldolase obtained from wild versus cultured parasites present in dried Plasmodium infected samples. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study utilizing forty archived whole blood patient samples from Kombewa Sub-County Hospital. In vitro cultivated Plasmodium falciparum parasites were utilized; prepared at Walter Reed Project. Three RDTs (SD Bioline, First Response and Binax NOW) were selected based on round two of the World Health Organization’s performance evaluations and their ability to detect at least two of the target antigens. Blood samples were tested for baseline activity of the antigens then treated with chemical additives. Repetitive RDT testing of the stabilized specimens was done for a period of eight months. To determine temporal and thermal stability of the proteins, the Z-test of proportions was used to compare the proportionate stability time difference between control and stabilized samples. Logistic regression model for repeated measures was used to determine the differences in responses between cultured samples and patient samples. HRP2 was shown to loses stability in

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APA

MORANG’A, C (2021). Additive Stabilization Of Plasmodium Proteins Present In Dried Infected Blood Specimens. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/additive-stabilization-of-plasmodium-proteins-present-in-dried-infected-blood-specimens

MLA 8th

MORANG’A, COLLINS "Additive Stabilization Of Plasmodium Proteins Present In Dried Infected Blood Specimens" Afribary. Afribary, 07 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/additive-stabilization-of-plasmodium-proteins-present-in-dried-infected-blood-specimens. Accessed 14 Jun. 2024.

MLA7

MORANG’A, COLLINS . "Additive Stabilization Of Plasmodium Proteins Present In Dried Infected Blood Specimens". Afribary, Afribary, 07 May. 2021. Web. 14 Jun. 2024. < https://afribary.com/works/additive-stabilization-of-plasmodium-proteins-present-in-dried-infected-blood-specimens >.

Chicago

MORANG’A, COLLINS . "Additive Stabilization Of Plasmodium Proteins Present In Dried Infected Blood Specimens" Afribary (2021). Accessed June 14, 2024. https://afribary.com/works/additive-stabilization-of-plasmodium-proteins-present-in-dried-infected-blood-specimens