Research Papers/Topics in Biological Science

Water Availability And Household Sanitation and Hygiene: Case Study of Koboko Town Council, Kobo District Northern Uganda

TABLE OF CONTENTS Declaration i Approval ii Dedication iii Acknowledgement iv Table of contents v List of tables ix List of acronyms x Abstract xi CHAPTER ONE:INTRODUCTION 1 1.0 Introduction 1 1.1 Background of the Study 1 1.1.1 Historically Background 1 1.1.2 Theoretical Background 2 1.1.3 Conceptual Background 3 1.1.4 Contextual Background 3 1.1 Statement of the Problem 4 1.2 Objectives of the Study 5 1.2.1 General Objective 5 1.2.2 Specific Objectives 5 1.3 Research Questions 5 1.4 Scope o...

ANTIBACTERIAL POTENCY OF SELECTED MEDICATED SOAPS ON SKINISOLATES GOTTEN FROM HOSTEL OCCUPANTS OF CRUTECH, CALABAR CAMPUS, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Skin flora refers to the microorganisms which reside on the skin many of which are bacteria. Resident bacteria can cause skin disease and enter the blood system, creating life-threatening disease, particularly in immune-suppressed people. Diseases of the skin include impetigo, boils, erysipelas, scabies, folliculitis, cellulitis etc. This present study aims at determining the antibacterial activity of various antiseptic soaps against bacterial isolates present on the skin o...

ISOLATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH COW SUYA MEAT SOLD IN CALABAR METROPOLIS

ABSTRACTThe consumption of Cow suya meat is on the increase because of it health benefits, it inexpensiveness compared to Goat meat, and the demand. Bacteriological analysis was carried out on 10 suya samples collected from four (4) different vendors within 4 different locations (Ekpo Abasi, Bogobiri, Yellow Duke and Abang asang). The samples were analyzed using standard bacteriological techniques. Total bacterial cell count was determined through pour plating method serial diluted to f...

EXTRACTION OF HEAVY METALS ASSOCIATED WITH DIFFERENT SPECIES OF PERIWINKLE PURCHASED WITHIN CALABAR METROPOLIS, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTPeriwinkles are invertebrates belonging to the phylum Mollusca and are usually found in Creeks, lagoons and mangrove swamps. They are cheap sources of protein and they have a wide range of health benefits. The present investigation was carried out to determine the concentration of heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Fe, Ca and Pb) in different species of Periwinkle (Pachymelania byronensis, Pachymelania aurita and Tympanotonus fuscatus) gotten from Jebs and Ikang creeks both of Calabar metro...

PREVALENCE OF Salmonella and Shigella spp in Pachymelania aurita (PERIWINKLE) PURCHASED FROM DIFFERENT CREEKS IN CALABAR METROPOLIS, CROSS RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTThis study was designed to ascertain the prevalence of Salmonella spp and Shigella spp and other species of bacteria associated with the contamination of Pachymelania aurita (Periwinkle) in different creeks in Calabar metropolis. This study was carried out in Ikang and Jebs creeks both in Cross river state, Nigeria. One hundred and eighty (180) Periwinkle samples ranging from 1.8-4.6cm in length and 1.6-3.3g in weight were purchased from both creeks. The samples were transported...

ISOLATION CHARACTERIZATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH HAWKED BARBECUE CHICKEN SOLD IN CALABAR METROPOLIS

ABSTRACTThere is a reasonable increase in the consumption of barbecue chicken meat, which is due to the it nutritional value. An investigation was conducted to isolate, characterize and identify bacteria associated with hawked barbecue chicken obtained from Calabar metropolis using basically two different agar media which are Nutrient agar and Macconkey agar. The samples were analyzed using standard microbiological methods. A total of 67 isolates were obtained from 20 samples which were...

BACTERIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF DIFFERENT SOURCES OF DRINKING WATER WITHIN IKOM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF CROSS RIVERSTATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACTWater is a necessity for living, and so there is a need to conduct analysis to check if it is safe or not for consumption. Bacteriological examination of water samples sourced within Ikom L.G.A, Cross River State was carried out to determine the bacterial load in the water samples and to determine the organisms that contaminates it. The samples were rain, stream, well, and pipe-borne water. They were collected within Ikom in sterile containers and transported to the Laboratory....

ANTIBACTERIAL POTENCY OF SELECTED LOCAL MEDICATED SOAP ON SKIN ISOLATE

ABSTRACT Five local soaps! Duduosun, Zee, Hause Soap, Yoruba Soap and Yoruba Soap were investigated for their antibacteria activities against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus spp, Bacillus spp and Klebsiella spp. Identification of the bacteria species was by standard microbiological techniques which included Gram staining and biochemical testing/,. Minimum inhibitory and minimum bacteria activities of the soaps were determined by the...

Research on Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Infection: Spread, Prevention and Cure

This work was done as an academic research on the HPV disease and how it is spread, it preventions and cure.ABSTRACTHPV Infection may lead to bodily complications if it stays in the body longer above 2years. It may cause genital warts that turns into cancer gradually. The low level of HPV infection are not too risky and the individual mostly do not show signs of the infection and sometimes it can be un-notice by some individuals until after many months that the disease begin to lead to compli...

The Mycological Deterioration of Maize Stored in Different Facilities Within Enugu Metropolis

AbstractThis research was carried out to study the mycological deterioration of stored maize in different storage facilities within Enugu metropolis. The study was carried out in some selected markets and homes in Enugu State, Nigeria this involved a cross-sectional study which covered four (4) different market locations (Akwata, Gariki, New market, Abakpa market and two (2) different homes (Thinkers corner and Ugwuaji) with different storage methods (storage in gallons and in kitchen chimney...

Bacteria and Fungi Involved in Yogurt Production

ABSTRACTYogurt sold at different manufacturer, in Ilorin Kwara State was taken to the laboratory and examined, different bacteria and fungi were found in all the yoghurt tested using conventional methods. The implications of these micro organisms were discussed. 

Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites on Fruits Available in Post – Office Ilorin, Kwara – State, Nigeria

 ABSTRACTThe study to determine the parasitological contamination of fruits was carried out in post office Ilorin, three different types of fruits were sampled and all were infected with helminths eggs. Using sedimentation analysis. This suggests the existence of a great risk of acquiring intestinal parasites by eating improperly washed fruits.

Influence of Teachers’ Characteristics on Students’ Academic Performance in Biology in Selected Secondary Schools in Ilorin Metropolis

ABSTRACTAcademic performance of students is the basis for achieving the general aims and objectives of education which is to provide integrated citizenry who will be useful to themselves and the society at large. In view of this, this study conducted an Influence of Teachers’ Characteristics on Students ‘Academic Performance in Biology in Selected Secondary Schools in Ilorin Metropolis. The descriptive research survey was adopted for the study. Simple random sampling technique ...

Fruit and Vegetable Contamination with Medically Important Geohelminths and Gastrointestinal Protozoa in Oyi Local Government Area, Anambra State, Nigeria

AbstractThis study was conducted to determine the level of fruits and vegetable contamination with medically important geohelminths and gastrointestinal protozoan parasites in Oyi Local Government Area. A total of 600 fruits and vegetables were purchased from the daily markets located in five communities in the study area in the morning hours from 7:00 am to 10:00 am. They were washed with saline water and examined microscopically for helminths and gastrointestinal protozoan parasites by sedi...

Fungal Culture From Yam Rot Using Different Dextrose Agars

ABSTRACTThe effectiveness of cotton seed dextrose agar, groundnut seed dextrose agar and kernel dextrose agar in culturing fungi was studied by culturing fungi from yam rot (Dioscorea rotundata). The research demonstrated the choice of the isolated fungi to various media, and revealed that some of the isolated fungi showed the same occurrence in different media. Aspergillus flavus showed preference for kernel dextrose and groundnut seed dextrose agar than Sabouraud dextrose agar and cotton se...


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