Assessment of Physico-Chemical Quality of Nworie River in Owerri Metropolis

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ABSTRACT

Pollution of rivers, had become a major problem facing our society today. This often occurs as a result of waste washed into Rivers as in the case with Nworie River in Owerri metropolis. In order to assess the water quality of Nworie River, water samples were collected at three locations namely point A (upstream) serves as control, point B (midstream) and point C(downstream). The samples were properly analyzed with focus on some physical and chemical parameters.

The result of the analysis showed that colour ranged from 5-10pt/Co, turbidity 0-1{NTU}, Water Temperature 23-26oC, pH 5.20-5.75, electrical conductivity 58.0-.77(μS), sulphate 0.061-0.076mg/Lotal hardness 20.30-52.00, total dissolved solid 38-50mg\l, t, t otal suspended solid 4- 19.00, biological oxygen demand 0.4-0.7 mg/L, dissolved oxygen 5.2- 6.4mg/L, chloride 13.00-16.00mg/L, Nitrate 0.061-.0.076mg/L, phosphate 0.014-.0.053, iron, Nickel 0.10-0.99, lead 0.060-0.102 mg/L,. At the end samples were compared with Federal ministry of Environment and World Health Organization standards so as to ascertain which of this parameters are above permissible level. It was observed that some of the parameters did not exceed the recommended limit, with exception in pH which indicates that the river is acidic. Making the river very contaminated. Thus, further work on the biological profile of the needs to be done.

 CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

  1. 1.1  Background of the study 1

  2. 1.2  Statement of the problem 4

  3. 1.3  Aim and objectives of study 5

  4. 1.4  Relevance of the study 5

  5. 1.5  Scope of study 6

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 8

Water Quality Assessment 8

Concept of Waste 8

Form of Waste 10

Sources of Solid Waste 12

Solid Waste Dumpsite 18

Effect of Waste On Surface Water 19

Euthrophication
Leachate in Surface Water. Water Quality

Water Quality Parameters

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 30

3.1 Research design 30

3.2 Nature of data 30

3.3. Description of study area 31

3.4 Data collection methods 33

3.5 Instrumentation 37

3.6 Analysis of physico-chemical parameters 39

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULT AND DISCUSSION 47

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Physical Parameter and discussion 49

4.3 Chemical Parameter and discussion 56

CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 70

5.1 Conclusion
5.2 Recommendation

References Appendices 

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APA

Project, T. & Nwere, C (2021). Assessment of Physico-Chemical Quality of Nworie River in Owerri Metropolis. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-physico-chemical-quality-of-nworie-river-in-owerri-metropolis

MLA 8th

Project, The MasterMind, and Cajetan Nwere "Assessment of Physico-Chemical Quality of Nworie River in Owerri Metropolis" Afribary. Afribary, 22 Feb. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-physico-chemical-quality-of-nworie-river-in-owerri-metropolis. Accessed 30 Jun. 2022.

MLA7

Project, The MasterMind, and Cajetan Nwere . "Assessment of Physico-Chemical Quality of Nworie River in Owerri Metropolis". Afribary, Afribary, 22 Feb. 2021. Web. 30 Jun. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-physico-chemical-quality-of-nworie-river-in-owerri-metropolis >.

Chicago

Project, The MasterMind and Nwere, Cajetan . "Assessment of Physico-Chemical Quality of Nworie River in Owerri Metropolis" Afribary (2021). Accessed June 30, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-physico-chemical-quality-of-nworie-river-in-owerri-metropolis