Assessment of Rural Youth Migration in Ovia North East Local Government Area, Edo State

Godwill Odilu 62 PAGES (13512 WORDS) Project
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The study assessed rural youth migration in Ovia north east local government area of Edo State. This study specifically described socio-economic characteristics of rural households obtained, information on migrant youth, examined the level of youth participation in agricultural and rural development activities and the effect of youth migration on these activities in the study area between 2012 2017.

A two stage sampling procedure was used to select eighty (80) respondents who were household heads. Questionnaire was the main instrument for data collection and was administered to respondents. The collected data were analysed descriptively and presented in frequency counts and simple percentages.

The hypothesis was tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC).

Findings from the study shows that a majority of household heads in the study area were males (52.5%), married ( 70%), farmers (62.5%), and had primary school education (55%).

Unemployment was the major cause of rural youth migration, (57.5%) and over three hundred youth migrated in search of employment in the last 5 years from the study area. The level of youth participation in agricultural and rural development activities is high in bush clearing ( mean score = 2.94), and vigilante group ( mean score = 2.55). The effect of rural youth migration on agricultural and rural livelihood activities is very serious in bush clearing ( mean score = 3.74), and festival ( mean score = 3.40).

The following can be concluded from the research that youth who contribute immensely to agricultural production and rural development activities are migrating to urban centers in search of employment other than agriculture and these is a problem to agricultural development. The study recommends that incentives be provided for youth to encourage their continuous participation in agriculture.

Government and non-governmental organizations should invest in agriculture in rural areas.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Cover page                              -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           i

Title page                                 -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           ii

Certification                            -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           iii

Dedication                              -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           iv Acknowledgments      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           v

Table of contents                     -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           vi

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1                   Background of the Study                   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           l

1.2                   Problem Statement                              -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           3            

1.3                   Objectives of the Study                      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           5

1.4                   Hypothesis                                                      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -            5

1.5                   Justification                                                     -           -           -           -           -           -           -           6

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1                   The Concept of Migration      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           8

2.1.1    Impact of Rural-Urban Migration on Economic Development          9

2.1.2    Factors that Prompt Rural-Urban Migration   -           -           -           -           12

2.1.3    Problems of Rural-Urban Migration on Development            -           -           13

2.1.4    Measures and Strategies in Management of Rural-Urban Migration 14

2.1.5    Rural-Urban Migration flow and Growth in Africa   -           -           -          17

2.1.6    Emerging Challenges of Migration and Development           -           -           18

2.1.7    Controlling Urban Growth and Rural-Urban Migration         -           -           23

2.1.8    Nature of Migration    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           25

2.2                   Rural Area                               -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -            25

2.3                   Urban Area                              -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -            26

2.4                   Youth                                      -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -            26

2.4.1    Involving Youth in Agricultural Production in Nigeria           -           -           28

CHAPTER THREE

METHODOLOGY

3.1                   Area and scope of study         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           29

3.2                   Population for the study         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           30

3.3                   Sampling Procedure and Sample Size            -           -           -           -           -           -           30

3.4                   Instrument for Data Collection           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           30

3.5                   Measurement of Variables                   -           -           -           -           -           -           -           31

3.6                   Data Analysis Technique                                 -           -           -           -           -           -           -           34

CHAPTER FOUR

 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

 

4.1                   Socio-economic characteristic of Respondents          -           -           -           -           35

4.1.1    Sex                              -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           35

4.1.2    Age

4.1.5    Education                    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           36

4.1.6    Religion                       -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           36

4.1.7    Respondent                 -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           37

4.1.8    Occupation                  -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           37

4.1.9    Farm size                     -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           37

4.2                   Information on migrated youth and extent of migration                    -           39

4.2.1    Information on youth migration         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           39

4.2.2    Extent of migration                 -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           40

4.3                   Level of participation of youth in agricultural and rural

development activities in the study area      -           -           -           -           -           42

4.4                   Perceived effect of rural youth migration on agricultural and

rural livelihood activities in the study area -           -           -           -           45

4.5                   Relationship between the socio-economic characteristics of

respondents and their perception on the level of youth participation

in agricultural and rural development activities       -           -           -           48

4.6                   Relationship between socio-economic characteristics of respondents

and perception on the perceived effects of rural youth migration

on agricultural and rural livelihood activities in the study area        49

 

 

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1 Summary                           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           51

5.2 Conclusion                                    -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -            52

53 Recommendations             -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           52

REFERENCES                                  -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -            54

APPENDDIX                         -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           -           58


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APA

Godwill, O (2019). Assessment of Rural Youth Migration in Ovia North East Local Government Area, Edo State. Afribary.com: Retrieved August 19, 2019, from https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-rural-youth-migration-in-ovia-north-east-local-government-area-edo-state

MLA 8th

Odilu, Godwill. "Assessment of Rural Youth Migration in Ovia North East Local Government Area, Edo State" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 31 Jul. 2019, https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-rural-youth-migration-in-ovia-north-east-local-government-area-edo-state . Accessed 19 Aug. 2019.

MLA7

Odilu, Godwill. "Assessment of Rural Youth Migration in Ovia North East Local Government Area, Edo State". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 31 Jul. 2019. Web. 19 Aug. 2019. < https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-rural-youth-migration-in-ovia-north-east-local-government-area-edo-state >.

Chicago

Odilu, Godwill. "Assessment of Rural Youth Migration in Ovia North East Local Government Area, Edo State" Afribary.com (2019). Accessed August 19, 2019. https://afribary.com/works/assessment-of-rural-youth-migration-in-ovia-north-east-local-government-area-edo-state