Determination Of The Drought Tolerance In Camellia Sinensis (L) O. Kuntze, Using Catechin Levels In Various Clones In Kericho County

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ABSTRACT

The potentiality for use of catechin levels in selection for drought tolerance ability in

clones of tea Camellia sinensis (L) O. Kuntze was studied. The study reported herein was

carried out in Tea Research Foundation of Kenya (TRFK) between June 2011 and March

2012. Ten clones of tea known to vary in drought tolerance were screened. The

experiment was conducted in an open field over three seasons. The treatments were

arranged in a completely randomized design and replicated three times. Catechin levels in

tea shoots were analyzed and a regression analysis done. The drought tolerant clones

namely; SFS150, TRFK 303/577, and susceptible clones; TRFK 6/8, TRFK 12/9, TRFK

301/4, TRFK 31/11, S15/10, TRFK 7/9, TRFK 31/8, and BBK 35 were selected based on

physiological data and field performance. Clones were evaluated in three sequential

seasons; cold and wet (June-August 2011), warm and wet (October–December 2011) and

dry and hot (January–March 2012) under field conditions. A highly positive correlation

was observed between an increase in soil moisture deficit and a decrease in catechin

contents. During the cold and wet season, the effect of soil water content on catechin

level was not clearly expressed. However, significant clone × moisture treatment

interactions (p≤ 0.05) were found for all clones during the dry and hot season. Under soil

moisture stress, reduced catechin contents were found in all the ten clones. There was

substantial clonal variation in response to soil water deficit. During the dry period, the

drought-susceptible clones showed a relatively higher decline in catechin levels

compared with the drought-tolerant clone. The catechin decreasing effect of water stress

was clearly observed in the drought susceptible clones compared to the tolerant ones,

suggesting that tolerance to soil moisture stress and accumulation of catechins are

strongly correlated. The results indicate that declining soil moisture content (SMC)

reduced catechin levels. This technique of analyzing catechin levels may help in skipping

the time-consuming field tests. Thus, instead of taking several years to identify a clone

that is drought tolerant, the breeder could just analyze catechin levels. Using this

biochemical response could act as a substitute for or to assist in phenotypic selection, in a

way which may make it more efficient, effective, reliable and cost effective compared to the conventional selection procedures.

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APA

Research, S. & CHARLES, L (2021). Determination Of The Drought Tolerance In Camellia Sinensis (L) O. Kuntze, Using Catechin Levels In Various Clones In Kericho County. Afribary. Retrieved from https://afribary.com/works/determination-of-the-drought-tolerance-in-camellia-sinensis-l-o-kuntze-using-catechin-levels-in-various-clones-in-kericho-county

MLA 8th

Research, SSA, and LANGAT CHARLES "Determination Of The Drought Tolerance In Camellia Sinensis (L) O. Kuntze, Using Catechin Levels In Various Clones In Kericho County" Afribary. Afribary, 27 May. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/determination-of-the-drought-tolerance-in-camellia-sinensis-l-o-kuntze-using-catechin-levels-in-various-clones-in-kericho-county. Accessed 02 Oct. 2022.

MLA7

Research, SSA, and LANGAT CHARLES . "Determination Of The Drought Tolerance In Camellia Sinensis (L) O. Kuntze, Using Catechin Levels In Various Clones In Kericho County". Afribary, Afribary, 27 May. 2021. Web. 02 Oct. 2022. < https://afribary.com/works/determination-of-the-drought-tolerance-in-camellia-sinensis-l-o-kuntze-using-catechin-levels-in-various-clones-in-kericho-county >.

Chicago

Research, SSA and CHARLES, LANGAT . "Determination Of The Drought Tolerance In Camellia Sinensis (L) O. Kuntze, Using Catechin Levels In Various Clones In Kericho County" Afribary (2021). Accessed October 02, 2022. https://afribary.com/works/determination-of-the-drought-tolerance-in-camellia-sinensis-l-o-kuntze-using-catechin-levels-in-various-clones-in-kericho-county