Over the years, nomadic Fulani herdsmen have established different settlement camps
outside the traditional villages of their indigenous host communities in Ebonyi State.
With increasing concerns about the health condition of the nomads, this study was
undertaken to investigate the prevalence and distribution of some microbial and
parasitic infections amongst the spartially distributed population of the nomadic Fulani
herdsmen in Ebonyi State. This investigation was carried out between June 2005 and
June 2007 using standard bacteriological, mycological and parasitological techniques.
In addition, the knowledge, attitudes and perception of Fulani herdsmen about
microbial and parasitic infections was studied using questionnaires. Out of 1218
samples taken from 7 bush encampments, 677 (55.6%) had various bacterial organisms
with Enterococcus spp (21.3%) and Nesseria spp (19.5%) being predominant followed
by Enterobacter sp (14.6%) Staphylococci (10.6%) while the least was Acinetobacter
sp (0.14%). Out of 280 persons examined for dermatophytes infections, 59(21.1%)
were infected with ringworm of the scalp being most predominant. Although the
prevalence varied amongst age and sex, both male and female within age bracket of 11-
15 years were significantly infected than other age categories (P<0.05). Microsporum
spp and Trichophyton spp were the most predominant isolates. Two (2) species of
Microsporum, namely M. audouinii, (35.1%) and M. canis (28.0%) and four (4) species
of Trichophyton, namely T. mentagrophytes, T. quickenum, T. soudanense and T.
schoenleini were isolated. Infections decreased with increase in age. Out of 573
samples examined for parasitic infections a total of 263 were positive with an overall
prevalence of 45.9%. Plasmodium sp 61(10.6%) and Schistosoma haematobium
48(8.4%) showed the highest prevalence; the least prevalent was Trypanosoma sp(0.7%). Distribution of these infections varied significantly amongst bush
encampments, sex and age group. Out of the four (4) human Plasmodium species
encountered, P. falciparum was significantly higher than others (P<0.05). The results of
filarial studies showed Onchocerca volvulus (3.8%), Mansonella sp (2.8%) and
Wuchereria bancrofti (2.4%) in decending order of prevalence.Among the nomads that
participated in the Knowledge, attitude and perception survey, 82% displayed total lack
of knowledge about the cause of microbial infection. The proportion that accepted
western medication was very low (6.5%). Poor infrastructures, lifestyle and beliefs, low
personal hygiene by the Fulani’s are contributing factors to the high frequency and
severity of these infections in the area. Adequate and quality education campaign
should be carried out in the various bush encampments in Ebonyi State.
Edu, F (2021). Epidemological Studies on Some Microbial And Parasitic Infectious of Nomadic Fulani Herdsmen in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 20, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/epidemological-studies-on-some-microbial-and-parasitic-infectious-of-nomadic-fulani-herdsmen-in-ebonyi-state-nigeria
Frontiers, Edu. "Epidemological Studies on Some Microbial And Parasitic Infectious of Nomadic Fulani Herdsmen in Ebonyi State, Nigeria" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/epidemological-studies-on-some-microbial-and-parasitic-infectious-of-nomadic-fulani-herdsmen-in-ebonyi-state-nigeria . Accessed 20 Apr. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Epidemological Studies on Some Microbial And Parasitic Infectious of Nomadic Fulani Herdsmen in Ebonyi State, Nigeria". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021. Web. 20 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/epidemological-studies-on-some-microbial-and-parasitic-infectious-of-nomadic-fulani-herdsmen-in-ebonyi-state-nigeria >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Epidemological Studies on Some Microbial And Parasitic Infectious of Nomadic Fulani Herdsmen in Ebonyi State, Nigeria" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 20, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/epidemological-studies-on-some-microbial-and-parasitic-infectious-of-nomadic-fulani-herdsmen-in-ebonyi-state-nigeria