Research Papers/Topics in Applied Microbiology

PREVALENCE OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN GBOKO, BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB) is a major public health problem in Nigeria. It was declared a national emergency in 2006 after which an emergency plan for the control of TB in Nigeria was developed. The country is currently ranked 10th among the 22 high TB burden countries in the world. Tuberculosis is an important opportunistic infection in HIV/AIDS. Benue state is the highest HIV endemic state in Nigeria and investigation of tuberculosis cases and Mycobacterial resistance patterns are needed....

Determination of Minimum Data Set for Vegetable Fields under Biofertilizer-fortified Compost Farming in Southwestern Nigeria

This  study  discovered  that  infiltration  rate,  bulk  density, pH  and  available  phosphorous  were  the  most  sensitive  soil properties  for  use  as  MDS  indicators for vegetable fields at south western of Nigeria. The    study    also    revealed    that    both    the  MDS indicators  and  SQI  value  obtained  were  influenced  by biofertilzer-fortified  compost  application and would  serve  as vital  instrument for evaluating soil fe...

Phytohormone Biosynthesis by Indigenous Rhizobacteria of Vegetable Crops in a Semi-arid Agro-environment

This      study      discovered      indigenous      rhizobacteria (A. brasiliense,  A. chrocoocum,  P. stutzeri  and  P. putida)  from the  rhizosphere  of  vegetable crops in semi-arid agro-zone of Rajasthan desert capable of synthesizing phytohormone. This study   will provide baseline information on the phytohormone biosynthesis    profile    of    t he    isolates    and    the phytohormone produced can be transformed into commercial bio-formulations  f...

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Associated with Rhizosphere of Tomato Grown in Arid and Semi-arid Regions of Indian Desert

This  study  provides  knowledge  on  the  diversity  and drivers  of  AMF  in  the  ecologically  stressed  ecosystem  of  arid and  semi-arid  regions  of  Indian  desert  and  reveals  promising findings  that  would  provide  baseline  information  for  a  better understanding  of  more  important  roles  that  AMF  plays  in enhancing  resource  allocation  and  increasing  tolerance  of tomato plant to the  various  environmental  stresse...

Bio-filmed Bio-fertilizers and Organic Manure Application forReducing Chemical Fertilizer in Sustainable Okra production

The  study  justifies potentials  of  fungalbacterial  biofilm  bio-fertilizers  (FBBs)  and  organic  manure application  as  sustainable  means  of  improving  growth  and yield of okra, optimizing economics of production by reducing amount  of  chemical  fertilizer  application  and  minimizing  its deleterious  effects  on  environment,  soil  and  human  health. Appropriate  adoption  of  these  findings  by  farmers  and researchers  would  go  a...

Prevalence of Dermatophytosis Among Primary School Children at Wuntin Dada Primary School Bauchi

DERMATOPHYTE are unique of fungi that effect the Keratinous tissues of lower animals and human Dermatophytoses is the medical term for fungal infection of the superficial layer of the skin, nail, hair and scalp.  The prevalence study Dermatophytoses in Wuntin Dada Primary School Bauchi is to determine the prevalence of the diseases, the different clinical types and actual species responsible for the infections.  Out of 950 pupils examined, 105 children were found to be with s...

Rationale for Vitamin C Treatment of COVID-19 and Other Viruses

Vitamin C and Coronavirus: Not aVaccine; Just a Humble CureCommentary by William F. Simmons and Robert G.Smith, PhDDuring the pneumonia epidemic in North Carolina in the 1940's,after American soldiers returned from the war in Europe, a small-town physician used ananti-infective protocol of intravenous vitamin C to cure 42 cases of viral pneumonia. [1]During the same period, the physician used a similar treatment to cure 60 cases of viralpoliomyelitis. All patients were clinically well within ...

APPLICATION OF PSYCHROPHYLIC ENZYMES IN BIOTECHNOLOGY

Psychrophilic enzymes are biocatalysts that control biochemical processes at low temperatures by either accelerating or decreasing the reaction rate. These enzymes are mainly obtained from microorganisms which inhabit cold environments and proliferate at low temperatures. The cold-loving organisms referred to as psychrophiles are adapted to the extreme cold conditions which resulted in changes in their biochemical machineries such as their enzymes. This resulted in certain characteristics of ...

Codigestion of Oryza sativa Husks and Musa paradisiaca Peels for the Production of Biogas

Oryza sativa husks and peels of Musa paradisiaca were pretreated by hydrothermal and acid fermentation using cassava mill effluent, and co-digested in a laboratory scale reactor maintained at 45 ± 2 ⁰C for 42 days. Five digesters were used for the experiment and each digester contained equal proportion of Oryza sativa husks and Musa paradisiaca in the ratio of 1:1; and cow dung (the inoculum) was added across. Substrate in Digester X (Control) was not pretreated. Digester A contained Oryza...

REVIEW OF FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH URINARY SCHISTOSOMIASIS IN TWO PERI – URBAN COMMUNITIES IN SOUTH- WESTERN NIGERIA

Reasons for reviewing the article         •           Addresses a NTD that is of public health importance.             •           Focuses on factors associated with high prevalence and intensity of the disease           •           The disease is endemic in Nigeria

Comparative adsorption of amylase, protease and lipase on ZnFe2O4: kinetics, isothermal and thermodynamics studies

Abstract The role of enzyme engineering in biotechnol-ogy, biological and pharmaceutical process cannot be overemphasized. This study compared the adsorption ofdigestives enzymes; amylase, protease and lipase on to Zn-ferrite (ZnFe2O4). The metal ferrite was synthesized via asol–gel technique and characterized with scanning electronmicroscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Electronparamagnetic resonance (EPR) and Fourier transforminfrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The adsorption was studiedin a...

Application of mycology in forensic science

Abstract Forensic Mycology is the application of Mycology for producing evidence in terms of criminal investigation and their further evaluation in the court of law. The problem with relative neglect of Mycology in Forensic science is currently leading to insufficient knowledge, in order to support the needs for fungal expertise in areas of criminal investigation. Mucor hiemalis and Penicillium griseofulvum had been used to determine the minimum interval since death, Coprinus comatu...

MICROBIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF FERMENTATION ON THE NUTRIENT, ANTINUTRIENTS AND FUNCTIONAL PROPERTIES OF FERMENTED LIMA BEANS SEEDS (Phaseolus lunatus).

ABSTRACT Semi- solid raw Lima beans (Phaseolus lunatus) were fermented for a period of ten days, chemical (proximate composition, antinutritional contents, pH, and total titratable acidity) and physical changes (temperature, odour, and texture) occurring during the fermentation of the lima beans were monitored. The fermentation was carried out for 48, 96, 120, 168 and 192 hours respectively at ambient temperature. The microbial load was as well monitored. Microorganisms isolated fr...

EFFECTS OF FERMENTED PALM WINE ON SOME DIARRHOEAGENIC BACTERIA

The effect of fermented palm wine tapped from Raphia palm tree (Raphia hookeri) on the growth ofsome common diarrhoeagenic bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli,Salmonella typhi, Shigella dysentariae and Esherichia coli 0157:H7 was carried out using agardiffusion method. The palm wine used had growth inhibitory effect on all the test organisms withdiameter of zones of inhibition ranging from 2.20mm to 28.20mm. Palm wine subjected tofermentation for 168hours (7 days) exerted...

Improvement of the Physicochemical and Microbiological Quality of the Date’s Fruit Product in South Algeria by Adding Rosemary Herb

The dates are used to prepare several food products, among which the Btana is a best conservation form commonly practiced in the South-west area of Algeria. The peasants add during its preparation one or more aromatic herbs according to the choice and the areas. The present research aims relates to the study of the effectiveness of the methods used from the microbiological quality point of view and the determination of the effect of the plants added during the Btana preparations, for that...

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