Research Papers/Topics in Applied Microbiology

An investigation on the activities of amylase, cellulase and pectinase from Bacillus and Aspergillus species isolated from stale fast food sample

Abstract:An investigation on the activities of amylase, cellulase and pectinase from Bacillus and Aspergillus species isolated from stale fast food samples was carried out. The freshly prepared samples were of Mince pie, Scotch egg, Doughnuts, Sausages and Fishrolls obtained from fast food centres in Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria. The Bacillus isolates were identified as Bacillus subtills, Bacillus pumilus, Bacilus licheniformis, Bacillus polymyxa and Bacillus brevis. All the isolated bacilli stra...

Bacteriological analysis of flooded soil in Benin areas, Edo State

ABSTRACT Microorganisms are important components in the structure and function of organic matter in soil, hence this work was done to identify bacterial communities present in flooded soil. Soil samples were collected from eight different areas within Benin metropolis, Edo State, Nigeria. The samples were cultured on using pour plate method, identification of the main bacterial groups was carried out based on cultural, morphology and biochemical test. The results obtained showed the to...

Socioeconomic determinants of infants mortality rate in Zaria LGA of Kaduna Nigeria

Socioeconomic determinants of infants mortality rate in Zaria LGA of KadunaABSTRACT Infant mortality remains high in Zaria Local Government and beyond despite the various policies that have been implemented by the authorities to reduce it. Although studies have examined various factors that explain infant mortality, effects of infant mortality and causes of infant mortality has been rarely explored. The study finds out socio-demographic strength of the respondents, causes of infant mo...

Review on Role of Phosphate Solubilizing Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture

Most of soil microorganisms are known for their ability to solubilize insoluble phosphorous compounds for releasing soluble phosphate to make phosphorous available for plant absorption. Releasement of this soluble phosphorous is very important in increasing plant growth and plant product yields. Inoculating plant seeds with phosphate solubilizing microorganisms is very effective and environmentally useful to decrease the side effect of chemical fertilizers on soil microbes and other org...

Physicochemicls and microbial quality of local fermented milk

ABSTRACTCulturally, consumption of local fermented skimmed milk (nono/tsala) is common in Northern Nigeria and many other parts of Africa and it is sometimes associated with microbial diseases due to poor hygienic practice. Hence, this study was conducted with the objectives of assessing the microbial quality and some physicochemical parameters, a purposive sampling was used to collect a total of 12 different samples from Dutse local government, Jigawa state. The results obtained showed that ...

PLASMID PROFILING OF MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE CLINICAL ISOLATES OF (Pseudomonas aeruginosa)

ABSTRACT The emergence of multiple antibiotic resistance in bacteria and the indiscriminate use of antibiotics contribute to the dissemination of resistant pathogens in the environment which may cause problems in therapy and is a serious public health issue. This study was conducted to determine the incidence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in clinical samples and their antibiotics resistant pattern. The organisms were isolated using standard microbiological techniques and the ant...

Review on Phosphate Solubilizing Fungi

Phosphorus (P) is the second important nutrient after nitrogen. In plants, phosphorous increases the strength of cereal straw, promotes flower formation and fruit production, stimulates root development and essential for seed formation. Mobility of phosphate ions in the soil is very low due to their high retention in soil. In this regard, P supply through biological systems is considered a viable alternative, and inoculation of Phosphate solubilizing microorganisms, especially fungi to soil, ...

Review on Microbial Production of Organic Acid

The first individual process for citric acid production was the liquid surface culture (LSC), which was introduced in 1919 by Société des Produits Organiques in Belgium, and in 1923 by Chas Pfizer & Co. in US. After that, other methods of fermentation, such as submerged fermentation were developed. Although this technique is more sophisticated, surface method required less effort in operation and installation and energy cost. Organic acids such as citric, malic and pyruvic are used e...

Review on Biodegradation of Organic Compounds and Plastics

Biodegradation is defined as the biologically catalyzed reduction in complexity of chemical compounds. Indeed, biodegradation is the process by which organic substances are broken down into smaller compounds by living microbial organisms. When biodegradation is complete, the process is called "mineralization". However, in most cases the term biodegradation is generally used to describe almost any biologically mediated change in a substrate. So, understanding the process of biodegradati...

BACTERIAL CONTAMINATION OF UGANDAN PAPER CURRENCY NOTES POSSESSED BY FOOD VENDORS AROUND MULAGO HOSPITAL COMPLEX

BACTERIAL CONTAMINATION OF UGANDAN PAPER CURRENCY NOTES POSSESSED BY FOOD VENDORS AROUND MULAGO HOSPITAL COMPLEX Muhumuza Allan1, Catherine Atuhaire2, Musisi Nathan3, Francis Ejobi4, Samuel Nambile Cumber5*1School of Biosecurity, biotechnical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Production and Biosecurity, Makerere University, Uganda2Faculty of medicine, Department of Nursing, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Uganda 3School of Biosecuri...

Co-infection of HIV and Some Opportunistic Pathogens Among Patients Attending Two Referral Hospitals in Akure

ABSTRACTThe  seroprevalence  studies  of  Plasmodium  falciparum,  Mycobacterium  tuberculosis  and Samonella typhi, HIV and co-infections by the four pathogens were carried out among patients attending Don Bosco Medical centre Akure and Ondo State Specialist Hospital, Akure. Venous blood were collected from a total of 500 randomly selected patients aged 1 to ≥ 91 years  that attended the hospitals  for routine medical check up. Diagnostic test kits (“Determine” and ‟Unigold...

Excerpt of fungi culti

Mushroom is a macro fungus with a distinctive fruiting body which can be either epigeous or hypogeous and large enough to be seen with the naked eye and can be picked with hand (Chang and Milles.19920).           Mushrooms derive all of their energy and growth materials from their growth medium, through biochemical decomposition processes (Chang, Shu-Ting, et al. 2004).

Antimicrobial Activity, Chemical Compositions and Proximate Analysis of Ixora Coccinea L. Leaves on Some Clinical Pathogens

Plants derived bioactive compounds have been the centre of recent owing to their health promoting effects. An attempt was made in evaluating the phytochemical, minerals, proximate and anti-microbial activity of analyses standard agar well diffusion method saponins, tannins, flavon minerals analysis revealed the presence of manganese and phosphorus. Highest mineral content was recorded in magnesium (21. Proximate analysis showed the presence of ash (10.3%), moisture (7.10%), protein (16.45%),...

Comparative Study Between the Eect of Parkia Biglobosa (JACQ) benth and Conventional Antibiotics Against Multiple Antibiotic Resistant Uropathogenic Bacteria (MARUB)

The purpose of this work is to compare the effect of convectional antibiotics with medicinal plant (Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.)Benth) against multiple antibiotics resistant Uropathogenic bacteria isolates.(MARUB), which was isolated from basically two hospital in Ondo State, Nigeria. The two hospitals are Gani Fawehinmi Diagnostic center, Ondo and Federal Medical Center, Owo between July, 2017 and October, 2017. fifty two (52) Gram negative bacteria isolated from urine of UTIs patient at the Ga...

Antibacterial Activity of Garlic (ALLIUM SATIVUM) on Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli

The study was carried out to evaluate the antibacterial potential of ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Garlic on Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli by serial dilution in molten agar. The result of the study showed that both aqueous and ethanolic extracts inhibited the growth of the test organisms and hence their potential for the development of novel classes of antibiotics. 


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