Pain is a worldwide problem and is associated with most disease conditions.
The properties of herbs used to treat pain were investigated with the aim of
confirming their use and finding out some pharmacological properties that
may augment their analgesic activity. A total of eighteen plants (Erythrina
senegalesis, Nauclea latifollia, Kizelia africana, Pseudocedrela kotchyi,
Crotalaris spp., Boswellia dalzielli, Khaya senegalensis, Annona senegalensis,
Xylopia aethiopica, Ficus thonningii, Cassia goratensis, Prosopis Africana,
Stachytapheta indica, Crinum glaucum, Holerrhena floribunda, Momordica
balsamina, Enantia Chlorantha and Sarcocephalus esculentus) were collected
and identified out of which nine plants (S. esculentus, C. goratensis, F.
thonningii, P. kotschyi, E. chlorantha, N. latifolia, M. balsamina, S. indica, P.
africana) were selected for study for possible analgesic and anti-inflammatory
activities after preliminary investigations (using writhing reflex test).
Analgesic activities were studied using acetic acid induced writhing reflex and
hot plate method. Anti-inflammatory activities were conducted using egg
albumin induced right paw oedema method. The study revealed that all the
nine plants studied had peripheral and / or central analgesic activities. They
also poses anti-inflammatory activities. Phytochemical analysis showed that
majority of these plants contains flavonoids, tannins and saponins. The
intraperitoneal LD50 revealed that the plants are safe for consumption except
N. latifolia and S. indica with LD50 0.80 and 0.15 g /Kg respectively. Oral
LD50 (LD50 greater than 7.00 g /Kg) revealed that S. indica is safe for oral
consumption. Sub acute toxicity test showed that M. balsamina has no
significant (P>0.05) effect on vital organs, haematological and biochemical
parameter. M. balsamina was also effective in tail flick and formalin test
models of analgesia, this indicates that it is effective in the management of
peripheral and centrally induced pain. Further study also showed that M.
balsamina has hypotensive, anti-diarrhoeal (castor oil and guinea pig ileum
models), shorting of onset of Urethane induced sleep, prolongation of urethane
induced sleeping time, but not anti-convulsive effects. S. indica was shown to
be effective in castor oil induced diarrhoea but not in isolated guinea pig ileum
diarrhoea model. M. balsamina was of particular interest because it had most
of the claimed properties and is the most potent of the nine plants studied.
These results support some of the uses of these plants in folk medicine.
Edu, F (2021). Ethnopharmalogical And Phytochemical Properties of Some Plants Used in The Management of Pain. Afribary.com: Retrieved April 17, 2021, from https://afribary.com/works/ethnopharmalogical-and-phytochemical-properties-of-some-plants-used-in-the-management-of-pain
Frontiers, Edu. "Ethnopharmalogical And Phytochemical Properties of Some Plants Used in The Management of Pain" Afribary.com. Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021, https://afribary.com/works/ethnopharmalogical-and-phytochemical-properties-of-some-plants-used-in-the-management-of-pain . Accessed 17 Apr. 2021.
Frontiers, Edu. "Ethnopharmalogical And Phytochemical Properties of Some Plants Used in The Management of Pain". Afribary.com, Afribary.com, 08 Apr. 2021. Web. 17 Apr. 2021. < https://afribary.com/works/ethnopharmalogical-and-phytochemical-properties-of-some-plants-used-in-the-management-of-pain >.
Frontiers, Edu. "Ethnopharmalogical And Phytochemical Properties of Some Plants Used in The Management of Pain" Afribary.com (2021). Accessed April 17, 2021. https://afribary.com/works/ethnopharmalogical-and-phytochemical-properties-of-some-plants-used-in-the-management-of-pain