Research Papers/Topics in Agricultural Extension And Rural Development

Exploring the link between climate change perceptions and adaptation strategies among smallholder farmers in Chimanimani district of Zimbabwe

AbstractPurpose – The purpose of this paper is to establish the association between smallholder farmer perceptionstoward climate change and adaptation strategies at the household level in Chimanimani District of Zimbabwe.Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected from 284 households mainly using a structuredquestionnaire. The Heckman probit selection model was used to first identify the underlying socio-economicfactors that affect households’ recognition of climate change in the ...

Socio-Economic Constraints on Goat Farming In the Lowveld of Swaziland – A Case Study of Matsanjeni

This study was designed to focus on why subsistence livestock farmers concentrate mainly on cattle rearing instead of diversifying the livestock sector to incorporate small ruminants particularly goats which can sustain under a diverse climatic conditions.  Areas of interest in this study were socioeconomic and cultural factors namely; social status, ownership, dignity, prestige, taste, lack of information on sustainable goat farming, customary activities, income and market that influence fa...

Diurnal visitation of flowers of cowpea by insect pollinators with emphasis on the Western honeybee, Apis mellifera, in Bauchi, Nigeria

In order to study the diurnal visitation of flowers of cowpea by insect pollinators, the number of open flowers of cowpea and the kind and number of insects visiting the flowers were recorded for a period of 5 minutes and at intervals of 1 hour from sunrise to sunset in a quadrat of 1 m² placed randomly on a cowpea farm. Cowpea flowers were observed to open from 6:00 hour to 13:00 hour, daily. A total of 388 open flowers and 256 insect visitors were recorded during the 7-day period of the st...

STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF E-WALLET SYSTEM IN AGRICULTURAL INPUT DISTRIBUTION AMONG FARMERS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

The study was designed to assess the strengths and weaknesses of e-wallet innovation system of agricultural input distribution among farmers in Osun State, Nigeria. A multistage stage sampling procedure was used to select therespondents. Data were gathered through structured interview schedule from 324 farmers randomly selected from four Local Government Areas of the state. Data collected were analyzed using appropriate descriptive and inferentialstatistical tools. The results showed that the...

Community influence

The paper assessed communal influence on land accessibility among rural farmers in Osun State. It specificallydescribed socio-economic characteristics of land users; determined the level of land accessibility; and examinedinfluence of community (roles of traditional authorities, community beliefs and cultural taboos) on landaccessibility. A multistage stage sampling procedure was used to select the respondents. Data were collected from260 respondents using structured interview schedule and ke...

Community conflict paper 4

Conflict is a major impediment of any community development. However, its occurrence isinevitable and requires serious attention from relevant stakeholders. This study focused on theeffects of community conflicts on rural economic activities in Osun State, Nigeria. It specificallyunveiled the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents; identified the causes of conflictin the study area; determined the effects of conflicts on the economic activities and identifiedthe strategies adopted ...

Improvement of food security in Nigeria

Food security is made up of two words “food” and “secure”, meaning “securing of food”.The opposite of food security is food insecurity. It is a sad situation of limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate or safe food.Different countries have different methods of combating food insecurity. For Nigeria, sustainable agricultural intervention by all stakeholders is the key. Having seen the aftermath of food insecurity, the question then is what is the way forwa...