Research Papers/Topics in Agricultural Science

Effect of Cadmium on Incubation

ABSTRACT Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most dangerous of soil pollutants because this heavy metal may easily move from soil to food plants through root absorption, and fairly large amounts can accumulate in their tissues without showing stress. The CEC increase from 175.554 to 105.331 and 95.502 respectively for decrease in concentration of cadmium metal, this is due to isomorphic substitution of the cadmium from the metal in cation exchange capacity (Ca, Mg, K and Na). Nitrogen als...

CHANGES IN ORGANIC CARBON FRACTIONS AND MICROAGGREGATION ON A SOIL TREATED WITH RICE HUSK COMPOST PREPARED USING CATTLE URINE AND WATER AS SOURCES OF MOISTURE

Soil organic matter is the decomposed and partially decomposed remains of plants and animals in the soil and this help in nutrient recycling. This work evaluated the effect of compost types on various organic carbon fractions and microaggregation. Soil samples collected at 0-20 cm depth were analyzed for total organic carbon (TOC), free particulate organic carbon (fPoC), occluded particulate organic carbon (oPOC), acid-hydrolzable organic carbon (AHOC) and non-acid hydrolysable organic carbon...

Silage Characteristics and Nutritional Quality of Panicum Maximum Ensiled with or without Browse Seeds (Enterolobuum Cyclocarpum and Albizia Saman

The present study evaluated the silage characteristics and nutritive quality of panicum maximum ensiled with or without browse seeds. The study was a 7 x 2 factorial experiment, constituting of panicum maximum harvested at different maturity stages ensiled with two browse plant seeds (Enterolobium cyclocarpum and albizia saman) at different proportions(100:0, 75:25, 50:50, and25:75).Data o pH,  Temperature and physical characteristics of the silage were recorded. There no significant (p

Cowpea Production

ABSTRACTA Field experiment was carried out to evaluate seventeen cowpea genotypes for yield components of seventeen cowpea genotypes that comprised of thirteen advanced breeding lines; IT99K-1060, IT97K-499-35, IT07K-299-6, IT99K-216-24-2, IT04K-333-2, IT98K-491-4, IT855K-643-1, IT89K-288, IT04-334-2, IT95K-2011-11, IT97K-573-1-1, IT0K-973-6, IT99K-1122 and four local accessions; Dan Cameroon, Dan Bauchi, Dan Wuri, Achishiru. The trial was conducted at teaching and research farm, Abubakar Taf...

THE IMPACT OF NO TILL CULTIVATION ON INFILTRATION RATE AND DRY AGGREGATE STABILITY IN GIREI, ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA

 ABSTRACT The impact of short term no-till cultivation on infiltration rate and dry aggregate stability in mararraban daware, Girei local government area, Adamawa state were evaluated to compare some soil properties as affected by some tillage operations. The no-till cultivation was started in June 2015 and in January 2017 measurements of soil infiltration rate, dry aggregate stability, pH (soil reaction), organic carbon, electrical conductivity (EC), and soil texture were made. ...

A STUDY TO DETERMINE THE REACTION OF DIFFERENT TOMATO CULTIVARS TO ROOT-KNOT NEMATODE

Nematode infestation has contributed to the low yield in tomato production in Nigeria (Charcher et. al., 2003).  Other production problem in the management of tomatos are weeds infestation, insects pest and diseases such as bacteria, fungi and virus diseases (Li et. al., 2007).  According to Nagesh at. al., 2005) rood-knot index ranged from 3.2 to 4.5 on a 0.5 scale with number of egg masses ranging from 69 to 98 lg root.  Therefore, controlling nematodes in the soil cou...

ISOLATING AND IDENTIFYING THE EFFECT OF NEMATODE DISEASE ON PLANT. AN EXPERIMENT USING SOIL SAMPLES AND PLANT MATERIALS

            The word Nematode is derived from the Greek word, what is the word?. Meaning “thread like ones” (nema means “thread” and ode means “like”). Nematodes can therefore be described as thread-like worms. (dropking 2001). Nematodes, eelworms and round worms are synonymous for the same group of organisms. The Phylum Nemata, to which nematodes belong occupies an intermediate position between the Phyla Platy helminthes (these include flukes a...

EFFECT OF BIOCHAR (CHARCOAL) ON MICROBIAL COLONIZATION AND HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATION IN A POLLUTED SOIL

ABSTRACT A study of the effect of biochar (charcoal) on microbial colonization and heavy metal concentration in polluted soil was conducted for eighth (8) weeks between September to October, during the cropping season of 2018, at the faculty of Agriculture, Kogi State University, Anyigba. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of biochar on microbial colonization and heavy metal concentration in a polluted soil. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomized des...

Research work preliminary

ABSTRACT             A study of the effect of biochar (charcoal) on microbial colonization and heavy metal concentration in polluted soil was conducted for eighth (8) weeks between September to October, during the cropping season of 2018, at the faculty of Agriculture, Kogi State University, Anyigba. The aim of the study was to determine the effect of biochar on microbial colonization and heavy metal concentration in a pollut...

Science of Using Maize Varieties Against Helicoverpa Zea in Niger State

Corn varieties were selected based on genetic differences to assess the most resistant cultivar and a landrace was used as a control experimental specie. The trial was conducted at the horticultural nursery and later the research was finalised at the laboratory where the laboratory data were collected and subjected to statistical analysis. 

Okimi Solomon 12AG1144 Research work 2016

AbstractIncreasing prices of fertilizer have made farmers turn to other sources of plant nutrients for cropcultivation. Farmers are now increasing the use of animal manure to improve soil fertility. It isnot clear what ef ects these manures might have on the yield performance of sweet potato(Ipomoea batatas). This study was conducted during the late raining season of the year 2016 atKogi State University Research/Student Demonstration Farm, in the Southern Guinea savannahagro-ecological zone ...

POULTRY FARM BUSINESS PLAN.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThis feasibility study on the establishment of a Poultry Farm is based on the Survey made by Ogah Innocent Ojiya and the business. Which will be wholly owned by him.The proposed name of the Poultry farm will be Vrabil Poultry Farm and will concentrate on sales of birds and its products.When the farm grows to maturity we shall be supplying birds and its products to different Quick Services restaurant, Large and Small Markets resident populaces alike, in South West Nigeria.Vrab...

Modelling Herbivore Feeding Effects on Vegetables and peppers

ABSTRACTThe study modelled the effects of different feeding effects of herbivores on Corchorus olitorius and Capsicum annum. Thirty polyethylene pots were set up for each crop in the screen house of the Botanical Garden, University of ilorin. Each crop plant were sown using seeds. Three weeks after planting (3 WAP), the defoliation patterns of all  leaf removal (ALR), Half leaf removal (HLR) and perforation of all leaves (PFL) were made for Corchorus olitorius with the aid of scissors an...

Evaluation of Soil Potential for Crops {cassava and rice} Production.

ABSTRACTThe research was conducted in Obi Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria to evaluate the potentials of the soils for Cassava and Rice cultivation using the requirements for Cassava and Rice as adapted by Sys. (1985) method. The characters used were classified under climatic, physicochemical, topographic, soil wetness and fertility factors.The soil samples were collected from six (6) different locations and in each location six (6) bulked soil samples were prepared and ana...

RAINFALL ANALYSIS FOR FOOD PRODUCTION IN THE SUDAN REGION OF NIGERIA

ABSTRACTRecurrent drought and decrease agricultural productivity during the last decades in West Africa, especially in the Sahelian zone, points to the need for a clearer understanding of the Onset dates, Cessation dates, Length of growing season, dry spell lengths and their consistencies, which pose major threats to the agricultural sector. Daily rainfall data for ten (10) years were analyzed for eight (8) meteorological stations in the Sudan Savanna region of Nigeria, with the application o...

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