Research Papers/Topics in Animal Nutrition

Pig Management Practices And Their Contribution To Ocurrence Of Porcine Cysticercosis In Thika Municipality And Its Environs, Kenya

ABSTRACTThe pork tapeworm (Taenia solium) is an important parasite that causes disease in humans and pigs where humans host the adult worm in the small intestines and the larval stages are found in the muscles, brain and other tissues in humans and pigs (cysticercosis). Neurocysticercosisis (where the larva of Taenia solium is in the brain) is a major cause of epilepsy in humans. Humans can get the infection by consumption of infected pig meat while consumption of food and water contaminated ...

Effects Of Graded Levels Of Raw And Cooked Turmeric Rhizome On Performance Of Broiler Chickens

ABSTRACT Feeding trials were conducted to evaluate the effect of graded levels of raw and cooked turmeric rhizome meal on the performance of broiler birds. Turmeric rhizome was washed with water and divided into two batches of 40kg each. The first batch was crushed, sundried for 3 days, ground to produce raw turmeric rhizome meal and bagged. The second batch was cooked for an hour, crushed with a roller and sun-dried for 3 days. Both the raw and cooked sundried turmeric rhizomes were th...

Effect Of Prosopis Juliflora Pods-Based Diets On The Performance And Carcass Quality Of Improved Growing Indigenous Chicken In Kenya

ABSTRACT Chicken production faces unsustainable supply of quality and affordable feeds. Prosopis pods could be used as an alternative livestock feed ingredient. A study was designed to evaluate the inclusion of prosopis pods in improved grower indigenous chickens diets in Kenya. The objectives were to determine effects of prosopis pods-based diets in indigenous chicken on performance and meat quality. In experiment 1, diets were formulated by substituting growers‟ rations with prosopi...

Evaluation Of Nutritive Value Of Local Browses From Kenya On Performance Of Growing Goats (Small East African X Toggenburg Crosses)

ABSTRACT The feeding value of five browse forages (Balanites aegyptiaca, Maerua angolensis, Acacia brevispica, Grewia hostii and Berchemia discolor) from semi-arid area were evaluated to check their potential as feed supplements. Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) hay ad-libitum was used as control. The objectives of the study were to determine the feeding value of selected browses, their palatability and performance when growing goats (Small East African x Toggenburg) were offered the brows...

Effect Of Inclusion Of Ground Prosopis (Prosopis Juliflora) Pods On Performance Of Laying Improved Indigenous Chickens In Kenya

ABSTRACT Indigenous chicken contribute significantly as a source of animal protein but productivity in Kenya is low due to inadequate feed supply and high cost of commercial feed. Prosopis juliflora pods is an alternative local and nutritive feed resource that can be used as a feed ingredient in poultry to increase productivity. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess performance of laying improved Indigenous Chicken (IC) fed on diets containing ground mature Prosopis juliflora p...

Effects Of Targeted Phase Supplementary Feeding On Performance Of Scavenging Ecotypes Of Indigenous Chickens In Kenya

ABSTRACT Indigenous chicken (IC) depend on nutrients they scavenge for growth and egg production. Scavenging alone does not provide sufficient nutrients for both maintenance and high production. Feeding interventions to improve on productivity have been applied uniformly without considering the different growth phases though IC exhibit points of low and high rates of growth along their growth curves. A study was designed to provide a scientific basis for feeding strategies that exploit ...

Efficacy Of Probiotics In Kenya On Growth, Feed Intake, Efficiency In Broilers And Immune Response And Their Antibiobic Properties

ABSTRACT This study was aimed at assessing the extent to which probiotics are used in the poultry feed industry in Kenya and their efficacies in broiler diets. In experiment 1, two surveys involving 100 Agro Vets and 36 Poultry farmers were carried out. 16 products were being sold as probiotics in Agro Vets in Kiambu County. The actual trade names of the probiotics are coded as Products 1 to 16 (see Appendix 3). It was found that 74.4% of the farmers used probiotics. The most commonly u...

Evaluation Of The Nutritive Value Of Selected South Sudan Rangeland Browses Fed To Crossbred Growing Goats

More than 78% of the households own livestock in South Sudan. Livestock, particularly cattle, goats and sheep, are an important social and economic asset in South Sudan. Goats are important and are predominant in most rural households with estimated population of 12.5 million heads. Despite the vast potential livestock contribution to the rural household development, livestock products (milk and meat) do not meet the local demands due to low productivity. The available seasonal feed reso...

Evaluation Of The Nutritive Value Of Selected Indigenous Tree Browses As Feed For Ruminant Livestock In South Sudan

ABSTRACTIn South Sudan livestock is an important source of livelihood however, animal productivity is very low due to lack of adequate feed particularly in dry season. In this study five objectives were carried out. In objective 1, a questionnaire survey was conducted amongst livestock keepers and generally 25 most commonly browsed species were identified. The study indicate that, there is a wide range and diversity of browse species that could serve as important livestock feed. The study eva...

Detoxification Of Aflatoxins In Feed Ingredients For Broiler Chicken Feed Through Fermentation

Aflatoxins (AFs) are some of the toxic and carcinogenic mycotoxins. Due to the high cost of most cereals and its competition for human food, chicken feeds are often formulated with mouldy and broken grains which are easily contaminated with mycotoxins. Kenya Bureau of Standards recommended 20ppb total AFs as the permissible level in poultry feed. The first objective of this study evaluated the effects of fermentation on the detoxification of AF contaminated maize flou...

Effects Of Feeding Brewers’ Spent Grains On The Performance Of Growing Pigs In Rwanda

ABSTRACTLivestock production is one of the major sources of income in Rwanda. Pigs are among preferred livestock due to their short generation interval and small space requirement. Feeds account for 65-70% of total production costs in pig rearing, which invariably affects profit margins. Therefore search for alternative feedstuffs that are locally available and affordable like brewers’ spent grains (BSG) can be used to feed pigs and reduce the cost of production. BSG is the first solid mate...

The Effects Of Aflatoxin Contaminated Feed With Or Without A Commercial Binder On Broiler Performance

TABLE OF CONTENTSDECLARATION AND RECOMMENDATION ............................................................... iiCOPYRIGHT ..................................................................................................................... iiiACKNOWLEDGEMENT ................................................................................................. ivSUMMARY ......................................................................................................................... vLIST ...

Nutritional Interventions On Dairy Performance And Profitability In Kenya

ABSTRACTUse of conserved forages and proper ration formulation have great potential to bridge the gap in dairy nutrition and reduce seasonal variations in feed availability and milk yield. This study aimed at determining effects of various fodder conservation and ration formulation interventions on dairy performance in North rift, Central and Eastern regions of Kenya. Twelve farms from each intervention i.e. use of maize train and baled silage, production of silage with support from Service P...

Effects Of Graded Levels Of Raw And Cooked Turmeric Rhizome On Performance Of Broiler Chickens

ABSTRACT Feeding trials were conducted to evaluate the effect of graded levels of raw and cooked turmeric rhizome meal on the performance of broiler birds. Turmeric rhizome was washed with water and divided into two batches of 40kg each. The first batch was crushed, sundried for 3 days, ground to produce raw turmeric rhizome meal and bagged. The second batch was cooked for an hour, crushed with a roller and sun-dried for 3 days. Both the raw and cooked sundried turmeric rhizomes w...

The Value of Garcina Kola (Bitter Kola) as Feed Ingredient and Anti-Microbial Agent for Layers and Rabbits

ABSTRACT Two experiments were conducted to determine the value of bitter kola as feed ingredient and antimicrobial agent for laying hens and growing rabbits. Vitamin C and mineral analysis of the bitter kola showed that it contained 0.028 mg/g magnesium, 0.025mg/g calcium, 0.161mg/g potassium, 0.057mg/g phosphorus, 0.282mg/g sodium, 0.400mg/g chlorine, 0.073mg/g sulphur, 0.02mg/g Fe, 0.003mg/g zinc, 0.05 mg/g cupper, 0.012mg/g manganese and 11.43mg...