Research Papers/Topics in Animal Production

Effect of dietary alternative lipid sources on haematological parameters and serum constituents of Heterobranchus longifilis fingerlings

Abstract The worldwide increase in aquaculture production and the decrease of wild fish stocks has made the replacement of fish oil (FO) in aquafeed industry a priority. Therefore, the use of terrestrial animal fats and vegetable oils, which has lower cost and larger supplies, may be good as substitute for FO. This study investigate the effects of total replacement of FO by two terrestrial animal fats (pork lard and poultry fat) and three vegetable oils (palm kernel oil, shea butter oil and s...

Effects of dietary lipid source on growth, digestibility and tissue fatty acid composition of Heterobranchus longifilis fingerlings

AbstractOne of the major problems facing aquaculture is the inadequate supply of fish oil mostly used for fish feed man- ufacturing. The continued growth in aquaculture production cannot depend on this finite feed resources, therefore, it is imperative that cheap and readily available substitutes that do not compromise fish growth and fillet quality be found. To achieve this, a 12-week feeding trial with Heterobranchus longifilis fed diets differing in lipid source was conducted. Diets were s...

The Use of Cassava, Sweet Potato and Cocoyam, and Their By-Products by Non – Ruminants

Abstract As the search for alternative sources of energy for non ruminants continues, this review was undertaken to examine the potential value of cassava (Manihot utilissima Pohl.), sweet potato (Ipomea batatas Poir.), cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium Schott.) and their by-products as dietary supplements for non ruminants. Studies on these roots and tubers showed that, on a dry-weight basis, contained 2.0 – 7.9% crude protein, 0.3 – 3.1% crude fibre and 72.4 – 77.9% starch. The practi...

Risk and benefits of human consumption of raw and pasteurized cow's milk

ABSTRACTIn the context of the prevailing trend towards more natural products, there seems to be an increasing preference for raw milk consumption as raw milk is associated with several perceived health benefits that are believed to be destroyed upon heating. However, many human pathogens can be isolated from raw cow’s milk and these pathogens vary from campylobacter to Escherichia coli. The aim of this review is to highlight the risk and benefits related to the consumption of raw and pasteu...

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY WEIGHT AND LINEAR BODY MEASUREMENTS IN BUNAJI CALVES AT DIFFERENT PHASES OF GROWTH

ABSTRACTA total of seven (7) Bunaji calves were used to study the relationship between body weight and linear body measurements at different phases of growth (phase 1, 1-4weeks, phase 2, 5-8weeks, phase 3, 9-12weeks), estimate growth rate and predict body weight from linear body measurements of body length (BL), body circumference (BC), neck length (NL), neck circumference (NC), girth circumference (GC), height at wither (HW), tail length (TL) and ear length (EL). The results showed that weig...

RESPONSE OF GROWING RABBITS (ORYCTOLAGUS CUNICULUS) FED DIETS CONTAINING RAW TALLOW (DETARIUM MICROCARPUM) SEED MEAL

A 12-week study was conducted to determine the effect of gradedlevels of raw tallow seed meal (RTSM) on growth performance, haematologicaland biochemical parameters and organoleptic qualities of growing rabbits. Fiveexperimental diets were compounded to contain 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% RTSMreplacing the palm kernel cake weight for the weight designated as T1, T2, T3, T4and T5, respectively. Forty-five (45) weaned rabbits between 5 and 6 weeks withan average body weight ranging from 500 to 600 g...

Assessment of tick infestation and its effect in small ruminants production in Paikoro Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACTThe study was conducted from 15th April to 30th June 2019 in Paikoro Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria, with the objectives of assessment of ticks’ infestation and its effects in small ruminants’ production and identifying the major risk factors such as species, sex, age and body conditioned scored. A total of 320 small ruminants were sampled, out of which 67.19% of the animals (83.8% sheep and 50.6% goats) were found to be infested with one or more of tick spec...

HAEMATOLOGICAL AND SERUM BIOCHEMICAL RESPONSES OF WEST AFRICAN DWARF GOATS FED PANICUM MAXIMUM REPLACED WITH UNTREATED COCOA POD HUSK MEAL

It has been proven that blood profile of an animal dictates its health status. Meanwhile, the health implication of feeding graded levels of untreated cocoa pod husk meal (UCPHM) to animals was the crux of this study. Thus, a 56 day trial was conducted to assess the haematological and biochemical responses of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats fed Panicum maximum replaced with UCPHM. The feed components were blended into five diets such that Diet A (control) contained 100...

EVALUATION OF DIFFERENTLY PROCESSED KARANJ (PONGAMIA PINNATA) SEED CAKE ON THE HEMATOLOGICAL INDICES OF BROILER FINISHER DIET IN SEMI ARID ZONE OF NIGERIA.

TABLE OF CONTENTTitle page_  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _ iCertification page_  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  ii   Dedication_  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  iiiAcknowledgement_  _ ...

DAIRY CATTLE HUSBANDRY PRACTICES, MARKETING SYSTEM AND EVALUATION OF MILK AND BUTTER QUALITY

Table of ContentContents PagesApproval Page of Project proposal .............................................................................................iTable of Content ........................................................................................................................iiLists of table..............................................................................................................................ivLists of figure..............................................

EFFECTS OF HONEY AND SHADE ON PLASMA BIOCHEMISTRY IN BROILER CHICKENS DURING HOT-DRY SEASON

The study was designed to determine the possibility of better performance of 4-8 weeks old broiler chickens through the addition of honey in drinking water and provision of shade to ameliorate the effects of heat stress during hot dry season. ABSTRACT This  study was  designed  to  determine  the  possibility  of  better performance  of  4-8  weeks  old broiler  chickens  through  the  addition  of&...

TRADITIONAL SWINE PRODUCTION, PRODUCTIVITY AND MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN AFRICA: THE CASE OF ETHIOPIA

This book provides an overall information on the socio-economic characteristics of swine producers, motivational drivers to keep pigs, production systems, feeding & slurry management, breed features, reproductive performance, breeding practice, breed selection criteria and constraints in the swine production value chain. The studies' findings presented in this book are compared with the findings of similar studies conducted in different African countries so that the overall information ...

LIVE PIGS, PORK AND PORK PRODUCTS MARKETING IN AFRICA: THE CASE OF ETHIOPIA

The book presents findings of various studies conducted on marketing of live pigs , pork & pork products, pork quality traits and consumers preferences. The studies' findings were compared with the findings of similar studies conducted in different African countries so that the overall information presented in this book provides an overall image of the studied parameters in Africa. The book is divided into four chapters. CHAPTER 1 provides the overall summary of the different st...

Improving Poultry Production in Ethiopia Through Production System Studies, Breed Characterization and Implementation of Improved Practices

Although, there are different poultry production systems in Ethiopia, the backyard productionsystem is the predominant oneandit is characterized bysmall flocksize, poor management, and not effective in terms of production and productivity. The demand of thecountry for egg production has not been achieved yet. Thus, there is a need to introduce an environmentally friendly, productive and sustainable production system that can better profit the producers and satisfy egg demand of the country. T...

Improving Ethiopian dairy sector through characterization of the production system, adopting Brazilian technologies, capacity building & farm data management

 Crossbreeding of temperate breeds with local cattle has been practiced for several decades in the country to improve the production and productivity of local animals. However, the interventions made so far were limited to highland agro-ecologies and partly in midlands. There is no improved dairy cattle technological options in Ethiopia for lowland agro-ecologies particularly for heat stress zones. Thus, this project was initiated between the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBR...


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