Research Papers/Topics in Animal Science

NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT OF Pennisetum purpureum schumach AS INFLUENCED BY MANURE APPLICATION AND AGE AT HARVEST

ABSTRACTThe present study evaluated the acceptability of Pennisetum purpureum by WAD sheep as influenced by manure application. Eighteen West African Dwarf (WAD) rams aged 12 and 13 months old with weights ranging between 10-15kg were used for the study and they were tagged for easy identification. There were six (6) treatment groups of three animals each. The animals were dewormed and dipped to destroy both internal and external parasites before the experiment. The pens were disinfecte...

Protein Enrichment of Sweet Potato By Solid State Fermentation Using Four Mono-Culture Fungi

ABSTRACT Washed, sliced and oven-dried whole sweet potato tubers (Iponwea batatas) of the local variety wcre milled and supplemented with a mineral salts solution containing (g litre) glucose, 5; (NH4)2SO4 1.5; KH2PO4, 1.5; MgS04 0.05; Yeast extract, 0.05 and fermented at 30C for 72 hr by solid siate fermentation (SSF) using Neurospora sitophila, Aspergillus niger, Candida ulilis and Saccharomyces warum. \i tbe end of the fermentation period A.niger gave the highest protein content ...

Productive Response of Rabbits to Supplemental Copper in a Diet Based on Tropical Feedstuffs

AbstractOnifade, A.A. and Abu, O.A. 1998. Productive response of rabbits to supplemental copper in a diet based on tropical feedstuffs. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 13: 129-135. Effects of supplemental copper in a diet based on tropical feedstuffs on productive performance, carcass measurements and haematology of rabbits were investigated in a 70d trial. Copper as CuS04.0H2O was supplemented at 0, 125, 250 and 375 mg kg1 into a basal diet. The basal diet served as control treatment. Eigh...

Impact of Government Livestock Intervention Programmes in Ghana; A Perspective

ABSTRACT Livestock development projects are aimed at increasing livestock productivity and increasing household incomes of participating livestock farmers and processors and traders in Ghana. Ghana has implemented two of such projects within the last two decades: The “National Livestock Services Project” and “Livestock Development Project”. The components of these projects were development of animal production, development of animal health, credit provision, and capacity bui...

Effects Of Supplemental Methionine And Lysine On The Nutritional Value Of Housefly Larvae Meal (Musca Domestics) Fed To Rats

ABSTRACTThe performance and blood composition of rats fed housefly larvae meal supplemented with, or without methionine and lysine or at high concentration were investigated.

Recent Advances in The Application Of Biotechnology in Animal Nutrition

ABSTRACT Biotechnology is the use of biological processes, organisms, or systems to manufacture products intended to improve plants and animals for human use. Recently, there are wide potential applications of biotechnology in the field of animal production to increase the productivity of animals through better plane of nutrition, better production and improved health conditions. Hence this long essay was undertaken to review current techniques used in animal biotechnology with emphasis...

Rabbit Production In Nigeria: Some Aspects Of Current Status And Promotional Strategies

ABSTRACT : Some aspects of the current status and promotional strategies of rabbit production in Nigeria were appraised in this study. This was because such data are lacking and rabbit production offers a great potential towards attainment of food security in terms of animal protein intake. Data were obtained principally from field survey, questionnaires administration, personal observations and experiences of authors, structured personal interviews of identified rabbit farmers, person...

Assessment of the effects of supplementing rabbit diets with a culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae using growth performance, blood composition and clinical enzyme activities

ABSTRACTThe effects of dietary supplementation with a pure culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae at 0.0, 1.5 and 3.0 g kgÿ1 on growth performance, blood composition and clinical enzyme activities in serum of rabbits were studied during a 56-day experiment. Rabbits fed 3.0 g kgÿ1 attained the heaviest (P < 0.05) body weight, consumed the highest (P < 0.05) quantity of feed and had the best (P < 0.05) feed conversion. Rabbits fed 1.5 g kgÿ1 yeast had higher (P < 0.05) body weight, feed int...

EFFECTS OF CASSAVA WASTE SUBSTITUTION FOR MAIZE IN WEANER HABBIT DIETS

ABSTRACTThe maize in a weaner rabbit diet was substituted with cassava waste meal (CWM) at 0,25,50, 75 and 100%. The effects of these treatments on the performance, nutrient digestibility and haematology of the rabbits were evaluated in a 70-day feeding trail period. Twenty-five littermate New Zealand white rabbits between 6 - 7 weeks old averaging 750 ±25.23g were used. The rabbits were randomly alloted to five treatments and each animal was individually accommodated in metal cages. Fe...

Carcass Characteristics and Meat Quality of Broilers Fed Cassava Peel and Leaf Meals as Replacements for Maize and Soyabean Meal

Abstract A 49-day feeding trial involving 180 1-day-old Abhor acre broilers was carried out to evaluate growth and carcass quality of broilers fed cassava leaf meal and cassava peel meals used as replacements of soya bean meal and maize at 20% respectively. Four groups of 45 birds per group of 15 birds per replicate consisting of three replicates per group. Group A served as control (cassava leaf meal (0%) and peelings meal (0%)), Group B ( 20% cassava peelings -20% leaf meal), C (20% lea...

UTILISATION OF DRIED PALMOIL MILL EFFLUENT BY YOUNG GROWING RABBITS.

ABSTRACTThirty-six 5-6 weeks old, local mixed crossbred rabbits (526.7 ± 0.2 g) were allocated to four treatments according to their initial weight. They were caged individually and recovered ad libitum during 7 weeks, one of the 4 diets in which maize offal was replaced by 0, 2, 5 or 10 % dried palm oil mill effluent (Pome), respectively diets 1 to 4. The diets were fed as mash. The mean voluntary feed intake were not significantly different as the level of palm oil mill effluent in ...

EFFECTS VARYING LEVELS OF SODIUM CHLORIDE ON CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CAGED LAYER DROPPINGS

ABSTRACTAnimal Scientists, through extensive research works have made tremendous achievements on reclaiming the nutrients contained in poultry waste by using it as feed ingredient for different classes of animals thereby reducing feed cost. Despite the many ways o f its utility, ‘ the slurry nature o f poultry droppings, most often complicates its handling and renders it totally useless. Four graded levels of dietary sodium chloride (0.30%, 0.45%, 0.60%, 0.75%) in an iso-nitrogenous an...

Solid State Fermentation of Sweet Potato Using Two Monoculture Fungi: Changes In Protein, Fatty Acid And Mineral Composition

ABSTRACTThis study evaluated the protein fatty acid and mineral changes in sweet potato root iheal inoculated with two selected fungi by solid state fermentation procedure. The total protein content was raised from 4.95% to 11.83% and 6.69% within 48 hrs for Aspergillus oryzae and Aspergillus niger respectively. The total lipid dropped from 1.93% in thè control to 1.36 and 4.19% for A. niger and A. oryzae respectively. The fatty acids 0 6 : 0 and 0 8 :2 were preponderant over other fatty...

Nutrient Utilisation and Growth Performance of Rabbits Fed Diets Based on Maize, Cassava or Their By-products

AbstractA 70-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate nutrient intake, digestibility and growth characteristics of rabbits fed maize grain (mg), maize offal (mo), cassava tuber (ct) or cassava peel (cp) based diets. The four test ingredients were included at 30.84% in diets supplying 17% crude protein. The consumption of dry matter, crude protein and crude fibre were higher (P4.05) in mo and cp based diets, while apparent digestibilities were better (Pc0.05) in rabbits fed mg and ct...

Effect of dietary palm oil on growth and carcass composition of Heterobranchus longifilis fingerlings

AbstractThis study investigated the effects of dietary palm oil (PO) on growth performance and carcass composition of Heterobranchus longifilis with the goal of replacing dietary fish oil with palm oil. In this study triplicate groups of H. longifilis fingerlings were fed the experimental diets for 8 weeks. Five isonitrogenous (45% crude protein), isoenergetic (20 KJg-1) experimental diets were made containing either 6.0% FO and 0% PO, 4.5% FO and 1.5% PO; 3.0% FO and 3.0% PO; 1.5% FO and 4.5...


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