Research Papers/Topics in Animal Science

Preference of Ram Lambs Raised on Different Bedding Materials

In sheep production, the choice of bedding materials affects production, animal growth, and animal welfare; therefore a balance must exist between animal comfort, and well being, cleanliness, and efficiency. This study investigated the preference of weaned ram lambs raised on three bedding materials (Sand, Straw, and Wood shavings) and Cement floor. A total of Eight (8) ram lambs (10-15kg) were randomly housed in a pen that was subdivided into 4 areas. Three of these areas had 1 of the 3 type...

Determination of Best Time to Introduce Finisher Diets in Broiler Chickens in Humid Tropics.

ABSTRACTThis experiment was conducted to determine the best time to introduce finisher diets in the humid tropics. Four treatments (3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th week) were tried in this study that lasted for 9 weeks. A total of one hundred and eighty birds were used for the experiment. The birds were randomly assigned into 4 treatments that were replicated three times with 15 birds in each replicate. The following were measured, growth performance, carcass quality and cost benefit analysis. ...

The Effect of Forage to Concentrate Ratios on the Performance of West African Dwarf Goats

ABSTRACTThe effect of forage to concentrate ratios on the peiformance of West African Dwarf (WAD) goats was studied at the Livestock Unit of the Federal University of Agriculture, Umudike for 56 days to determine the optimum combination of forage to concentrate ratio that best support the growth of goat. Twelve WAD goats comprising eight castrated bucks and four does aged between 4 -6 months and weighing between 4.0kg to 8.0kg with an average weight of 6.17kg were&nbs...

Effect Of Selenium And Vitamin E On The Reproductive Performance Of Rabbit Does And Kits

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation of Vitamin E and Selenium on the reproductive performance of rabbit Does and Kits. Four groups of mixed breeds of rabbits (Newzealand white, Dutch black, and Chinchilla) 8-9 months old with an average body weight of 1.98±0.6kg were considered in the experiment. Each group was made up of 3does and a buck to serve them. All the bucks were fed the basal diet during the study alongside group 1 Does which se...

Determination of Best Time to Introduce Finisher Diets in Broiler Chickens in Humid Tropics

ABSTRACTThis experiment was conducted to determine the best time to introduce finisher diets in the humid tropics. Four treatments (3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th week) were tried in this study that lastedfor 9 weeks. A total of one hundred and eighty birds were used for the experiment. The birds were randomnly assigned into 4 treatments that were replicated three times with 15 birds ineach replicate. The following were measured, growth performance, carcass quality and cost benefit analysis. On growth...

Effect of Varying Levels of Pawpaw Leaf Meal (Carica papaya) on Growth Performance of Finishing Broilers

Abstract Sixty “day old” broiler chickens were used to evaluate the growth performance, haematological parameters, organ characteristics and meat quality of broiler birds fed, pawpaw leaf meal (PLM). The birds were divided into four treatments with three replicates per treatment. Each replicate contained five birds. Broiler finisher rations were formulated in which PLM was incorporated at levels of 0%, 0.5%, 1.5%, and 2.0% in the control (T1), T2, T3 and T4 diets respectively. The d...

Growth And Carcass Characteristics of Weaner Rabbits Fed Moringa(moringa oleifera) Leaf Meal

ABSTRACT Twenty four (24) cross bred rabbits of both sexes, made up of twelve (12) males and twelve (12) females were used for the experiment to investigate, the growth and carcass characteristics of weaner rabbits fed four(4) dietary levels of Moringa oleifera leaf, meal (MOLM). Treatments 1, 2, 3, and 4 received 0, 10, 20, and 30% MOLM, respectively. Results obtained showed that rabbits on T3 diet achieved the highest weight gain (1600.00 ±56.27g) while T2, T4 and T1 recorded weight...

In-Silico Genetic Analysis of The Sequences of Myostatin Gene in Movids (CATTLE, SHEEP AND GOAT)

ABSTRACT Double muscling is a heritable trait. It has been revealed that myostatin (MSTN) or growth differentiation factor 8(GDF8) is the genetic agent of this trait. The gene is a myokine, a protein that inhibits myogenesis (muscle cell growth and differentiation). In-Silico genetic analysis was done to analyze the sequences of the Myostatin gene in cattle, sheep and goat. A total of thirty-seven (37) nucleotides with their corresponding amino acid sequences comprising (26 for goat, 9 f...

The Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Organic Selenium at Different Levels on Reproductive Performance of Rabbit Does

ABSTRACT The effect of dietary supplementation of organic selenium at different levels on the reproductive performance of rabbit does was investigated using 16 (12 does and 4 bucks) rabbits. The rabbits were of New Zealand white, Dutch and chinchilla breeds. The twelve rabbit does were randomly assigned to four experimental treatment groups (T0, T1, T2 and T3) according to the amount of organic selenium supplementation in a completely randomized design (CRD). Rabbits in T0 served as the...

Production And Characterization of Monoclonal Antibodies Against Schistosoma Haematobium Soluble Egg And Urine- Based Antigens

AbstractSchistosomiasis is an economically important disease of man and livestock caused by trematode parasites of the genus Schistosoma. The disease is wide-spread and endemic throughout many parts of the world infested by the intermediate freshwater snail hosts belonging to the family Planorbidae. The affected areas include; Africa, Madagascar, S. America, India, Sri Lanka, South East Asia, China, Japan, Philipines, Taiwan, Indonesia and the Caribbean (Rollinson and Southgate, 1987), 75...

Performance Characteristics of Growing Rabbits Fed Glicidia Sopium Leaf Meal as a Replacement for Groundnut

ABSTRACTThe study involved 16 yreaner crossbred (New Zealand White and Chinchila) rabbits of about eight weeks of a.fetz with initial average weight of 0.69 kg. The animals were offered a measured amount of their respective diets. The level of replacement of groundnut cake with Gliricidia leaf meal (GLM) were 0, 25 50 and 75%, to give four diets which were fed ad libitum throughout the experimental period of 35 days. The similar average daily feed intake of the rabbit fed 0, 25 and 50% G...

GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND PLASMA ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY OF BROILER CHICKENS FED Schilbe mystus (African Butter Catfish fishmeal) FORTIFIED WITH VITAMIN E

               ABSTRACTSA six-week experimental study was conducted to estimate the growth performance and plasma antioxidant capacity of broiler chickens fed Schilbe mystus fishmeal fortified with or without vitamin E. The vitamin E was fortified at two levels of 400mg and 800mg per kilogram of Schilbe mystus for the experimental diets. One hundred and ninety five (195) day old chicks broiler of Marshal strain were used. These birds were randomly allotted to five dietary treatment of...

THE EFFECT OF ENZYME (YEMZIM) INCLUSION IN CASSAVA- BASED DIET ON PERFOMANCE AND EGG QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS IN LAYERS (2)

ABSTRACTA study was conducted to evaluate the effect of 20% inclusion replacement of maize with peeled cassava root meal and unpeeled cassava root meal with and without enzyme inclusion. A total of 90, 42 weeks old black Harco layers were divided into 6 groups with 3 replicate for each group. Each replicate had 5 birds. The 6 diets comprise of control, peeled cassava root meal and unpeeled cassava root meal, with and without enzyme. Each diet was offered ad libitum to the birds for a pe...

Growth response and haematological indices of broiler chickens fed corn -soya based diets supplemented with or without protease enzyme.

This study was conducted to evaluate the growth response and haematological indices of broiler chickens fed corn-soya based diets supplemented with or without protease enzyme. Two hundred and forty (240) one-day old Arbo-acre broiler chickens were assigned to six dietary treatments. Each dietary group had 40 birds with 4 replicates of 10 birds each. Experimental diet were formulated such that Diet 1, 3, & 5 containing 100% Soybean meal (100%SBM), 50% Soybean meal and 50%Full fat soya(50:50:FF...

EFFECT OF WOOD ASH TREATMENT ON CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CASHEW NUT SHELL

         ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to investigate the effect of wood ash solution on chemical composition of cashew nut shell. Approximately 200g, 400g, and 600g of wood ash were weighed into separate plastic containers. 1 litre of the wood ash solution containing 200g, 400g, 600g and 0g of wood ash respectively was used to soak 200g of the milled cashew nut shell for 24 hrs to make four treatment, which was replicated thrice in a complete randomized design. Result showed th...


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