Research Papers/Topics in Archeology

Early Urbanization in West Africa: An Archaeological Evidence from Birnin-Kudu Settlement

Abstract Several collections of evidences from oral tradition, archaeological, historical, sociological researches have clearly indicated several early urban centers in West Africa and the differences in their characteristics based on region. This paper is aimed at bringing to limelight the place of Birnin-Kudu as part of early urban center in West-Africa and sourced it data from archaeological excavations and survey, collection of oral traditions and review of several literatures relating to...

THE PLACE OF AGENCY THEORY IN THE INTERPRETATION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL DATA

AbstractThe beauty of every archaeological investigation is the interpretation of the past through material remains. Among the principles and theories for archaeological interpretation is Agency. Agency is a principle used to explain and resolve issue in the relationship between environment and human. This is just all about putting people back in the past and the relationship between them (humans); consequences of their action and their environment. This paper is a review of the concept ...

The Impact of Common Tree Categories on Archaeological Investigation in Nigeria: An Ethno-botanical Perspective on Sites in the Middle Belt Region

Trees are scientifically win breakers and sun absorbers which release oxygen into the atmosphere. The leaves of trees that fall on the ground add nutrients to the soil which in turn enhances the growth of both plants and animals. Trees serve both as food, medicine and raw materials for making of tools, weapons, furniture, and construction or building of local bridges and structures amongst others. Trees, both in the past and ...

The Socio-Political and Economic Structures of Birnin-Kudu Settlement Patterns: An Ethno-Archaeological Perspective

Abstract In this paper, we study from an ethno-archaeological perspective of Bimin-Kudu settlement pattern. The study is concerned with the explanation of socio-political and economic structures among the other relevant structures that made Birni n-Kudu settlement pattern using the present structures to explain the past. Birnin-Kudu is an ancient settlement with both old and new settlements that has anethnographic parallel which indicates a linkage between the past and the present such as Pal...

The Archaeology of elite burials of Gombe, Buhera Zimbabwe

ABSTRACTMost late Iron Age societies have been studied through the study of burials and their associated grave goods. This has been proven to be a significant source of archaeological record. Some of the sites that have been discovered like Mapungubwe have been understood from burials that were found. Through the associated grave goods the research is going to characterise the grave goods of burials from Gombe in Buhera Zimbabwe to understand issues of status, social organisation and negotiat...

Unmasking the Rock art of Chivi area in Masvingo province

ABSTRACTRock art studies have always been a key source of information to archaeologists in a bid toreconstruct past life societal practices. Most scholars argue that the execution of rock art was ameans of documenting the social, economic and political activities. Studying rock art sitestherefore provide a detailed insight in to the activities that were done by prehistoriccommunities at a global view. In order to understand the meaning behind rock art, one has tofirst of all document the rock...

The Documentation And Characterization Of Rock Art In The Chiremba Area Of Epworth

ABSTRACT. Rock art is one of the categories of the archaeological heritage which is found in various places locally, regionally and internationally. Rock paintings are non renewable resources which cannot be renewed once it has been destroyed. Chiremba Area is a segment of Epworth, a peri urban area which is located 13 kilometers to the South East of Harare. The place has got rock art sites in the Chiremba National Monument and outside the premises of the Monument. Previous researchers ...

Volunteer Management in Information Centers with Special Reference to the Zimbabwe Military Museum (ZMM)

ABSTRACT The overall aim of the research was to provide and establish the guidelines which were supposed to be used by the museum in managing volunteers. The research was based on four main objectives that included the following. Examining how the museum plans for its volunteer programs, assessing the methods used by the museum in recruiting volunteers, assessing how the museum motivates its volunteers as well as to determine the barriers that impede people into volunteering in museums....

Collection development issues of oral history at the National Archives of Zimbabwe.

ABSTRACT Documenting oral history in societies is important because it helps to fill the historical and social gaps in the history of a nation. For effective and efficient documentation of oral history it is important to have stipulated guidelines on what to do and how to do it. These guidelines are found in a collection development policy. . So for effective and efficient documentation of oral history archives ought to have a collection development policy which becomes the foundati...

“Security as a Tool For Safeguarding Artistic Collections in Private Art Galleries in Zimbabwe. A Case of First Floor Art Gallery, Harare.”

ABSTRACT The 1954 Hague Convention identifies art as part of the world‟s irreplaceable cultural heritage which the world should cautiously safeguard to maintain our common identity. We sure cannot afford to lose such form of cultural heritage thus security in institutions like art galleries that have a responsibility for safe keeping art collections on behalf of the society should be taken seriously. In other words security should play a more meaningful role in care and preservation o...

Beyond Documentation: An Analytical Approach Towards The Future Of Museums As Information Centres

ABSTRACT In view of the records preservation status in Zimbabwe’s National Museums, this study tries to ascertain the future of museums as information centres. Using the records life cycle principle and the continuum model which state that documents should be properly managed from the time they are created until their ultimate disposal, this study examined the preservation strategies employed by Zimbabwe’s National Museums to ensure their records survive into the future. For the mus...

The archaeology of pre-colonial Mukaro community: a preliminary documentation.

AbstractThis research focused on introductory documentation of archaeological heritage, specifically dry-stone walls and grain bins found in the settlement of Mukaro, Gutu, showing how the heritage is linked to the people of Mukaro specifically the MoyoNyakuvengwa. The most important part of this study was to give a record of the type of heritage found in Mukaro through documentation processes like conditional survey, geo mapping among others. The other aspect of this research highlights how ...

Sites of Cultural significance In the BaTonga Culture; The case of Manjolo Communal lands, Binga.

ABSTRACT“The BaTonga are found in the north western part of Zimbabwe, a place known of high temperatures, dry and arid. For the few recent years the area has been climatologically transformed into receiving a less desirable amount of rainfall. The construction of the prevalent synthetic lake displaced and dispersed the BaTonga, with some settling in Zambia and Malawi. In Zimbabwe they have their scatterings elongating from Victoria Falls, Lupane, Hwange, Binga, Nyaminyami and Gokwe. The BaT...

Access and use of digitised special collections at Midlands State University Library

ABSTRACTAcademic libraries have digitised their collections for easy access and effective utilisation by adopting institutional repositories. The study noted that there is seemingly limited utilisation of digitised special collections by users at Midlands State University although the library has been able to digitise these collections and disseminate them on the Institutional Repository. Therefore, the research aimed to investigate the utilisation of digitised special collections at the Midl...

Historical Archaeological Investigations At The Frederiksgave Plantation, Ghana: A Case Study Of Slavery And Plantation Life On A Nineteenth Century Danish Plantation On The Gold Coast

The global processes that were unleashed due to the maritime exploration and commercial expansion of Europe made an impact on indigenous cultures of the Atlantic world. Between the late fifteenth and the nineteenth century the Atlantic Slave Trade, which existed due to the European contact, and basically involved trade in Africa's human cargoes, affected traditional institutions and local life. On the Gold Coast, the Royal Danish Government established agricultural plantations in the fo...


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