Political Science And International Relations Research Papers/Topics

Security in Kenya: The Effects of the Somali Conflict on National Security

Abstract: The research begins by assessing the security situation in Kenya. It then attempts to look at the most probable contributing factor to the rising armed crime. Majority of the armed crimes committed in the country are attributed to Small and Light Weapons that are believed to come into the country through our porous borders. The paper then assesses Kenya’s key neighbors with particular interest in Somalia. Somalia has not had a stable government since the fall of Siad Barre in 199...

The Obsolescence of State Sovereignty Concept: The Role of the International Criminal Court and the African States in Context

Abstract: The academic study of sovereignty is undergoing a renaissance. The dynamics of sovereignty have witnessed different treatise ever since the formation of the state system. The paradox and ambiguity of the concept is unavoidable as long as it is linked to the state. This thesis shall critically examine the nature of the concept state sovereignty and trace its origins, usage, and development. International Relations (IR), as a social science is subject to different interpretations of ...

Humanitarian Intervention in Africa: A Case Study of Libya

Abstract: The following study will investigate the subject of Humanitarian Intervention. It will further explore its application in the Libyan situation of 2011 and consequently it will also analyse the conundrum associated with this intervention. Humanitarian intervention today is as debatable as it was in the early 19th century. The doctrine of Humanitarian intervention therefore, precariously sits in between realism and idealism in the study of international relations. In Africa, traditio...

Assessing Kenya’s Role in the Restoration of Peace in Somalia

Abstract: Since the advent of the civil strife in 1991 after Barre’s regime was overthrown, numerous peace initiatives have been initiated in attempts to stabilize Somalia. Nevertheless, these initiatives faced various challenges generated internally and externally hence the success limitations. However, the Kenyan intervention to Somalia “Operation Linda Nchi” that was initiated in October 2011 has since bore fruits in peace restoration inside Somalia. This study research seeks to acc...

Donor Political Conditionality and Its Impact on Sovereignty: A Case Study of Tanzania

Abstract: Donors consider Tanzania a model country because of the way it has taken ownership of the development agenda as per the Paris Declaration of 2005. Since Tanzania is so heavily dependent on aid, it is worth exploring if Tanzania’s dependency does not negate its sovereignty and allows it to retain space for genuine ownership. This dissertation examines the impact of donor conditionalities on Tanzania’s sovereignty and investigates the strategies used by Tanzania to manage aid and...

An Analysis on Humanitarian Intervention on Genocide in Africa: Case Study of Rwanda

Abstract: Conflicts in Africa are ongoing and have taken a toll on the structures many states. They involve many crimes that are committed by groups such a militia rebels to achieve power, or by the government itself to maintain power. One of the common conflicts that Africa has experienced over the years is Genocide. Genocide has taken the lives of millions and continues to be a threat to the African society today. Humanitarian Intervention has been used to attend to such crimes, however it...

The Impact of Sovereignty in the EAC Federation Process

Abstract: East African (EA) history now comprises, in part, of a 115-year history of formal integration, or East African Integration (EAI). EA is now seemingly poised to federate, into an East African Political Federation (EAPF). That hope is inspired by the said history. Among the concerned nations, an EAPF is a welcome prospect. It would be the culmination of a long progression, the EAI. EAI is, in sum, an implication of certain interactions among three kinds of polities, namely: colonial ...

The Contribution of Post-Conflict World Bank Development Programmes in Consolidating Peace in Somalia: 2017 -2021

Abstract: Ever since the collapse of the Siad Barre, Somalia has received many foreign- funded programmes in an attempt to stabilize the country. However, Somalia continues to face many security, political, and economic challenges. The main objective of this research is to examine the extent to which the programmes instituted by the World Bank have contributed to peaceful co-existence in Somalia. The Specific objectives include: Inquire into the role of development programmes by the World Ba...

Emerging Influence of African Billionaires in The Political Economy of States Across Africa: A Case Study of Aliko Dangote In Nigeria And Tanzania

Abstract: The first African billionaire to appear on Forbes magazine, a globally renowned American business magazine that annually ranks billionaires across the globe, was South Africa’s Patrice Motsepe in 2008. Since then, the number of African billionaires according to Forbes Magazine has increased to 18 as of 2022. Aliko Dangote appeared on the magazine in 2010 and has held the position as the richest person in Africa consecutively since then. The rise in number of wealthy people, espec...

Impacts of Community Policing in the Prevention of Radicalization in North Eastern Region of Kenya, Wajir County

Abstract: The goal of this study was to examine the importance of community policing on youth radicalization in the North Eastern region of Kenya, Wajir County. Study indicated that there is the rise in radicalization of the youth in the North Eastern region and subsequent terrorist attacks in the region in the past one decade. To achieve this goal, the study was guided by three specific objectives. The first objective was to determine the influence of radicalization on conflict level in Waj...

Toward a Developmental State: Investigating the Developmental State Concept in Rwanda’s Foreign Policy Motivations 1994 – 2021

Abstract: The context of Rwanda’s international politics is unavoidably imbedded with the 1994 genocide and the subsequent reign of President Paul Kagame. However, this thesis problematized the developmental state concept in Rwanda’s context by delving into Rwanda’s development and foreign policy motivations covering the period 1994 to 2021. Taking the economic development angle, the study had three objectives; the first was to find out the capacity of Rwanda’s bureaucracy and the ex...

Response to Climate Change Financing by Commercial Banks in Kenya

Abstract: As the adverse impacts of climate change become more evident, almost every sector of the society is being challenged to adopt considerations for mitigation and adaptation that move away from business -as-usual models. In the banking sector, this has meant a growing pressure for commercial banks to inculcate aspects of mitigation and adaptation in their lending. This requires instituting aspects of green and climate financing in their commercial lending. One may wonder, what is the ...

Global Health Diplomacy and Pandemics: The Case of Covid – 19 in Kenya

Abstract: The sudden and unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic and its dramatic spread has led to a negative impact globally resulting to strict measures being put in place which have affected how countries operate and interact. Government responses such as the restriction of movement of people locally and internationally have only been seen when dealing with issues such as terrorism and not a virus therefore it is quite novel how a virus has provoked a much larger reaction from governments across...

An Exploratory Study of Perception of Kenyans towards Chinese Involvement in Retail Enterprises in Kenya

Abstract: There is a growing interest by Chinese citizens towards the retail enterprise sector in Kenya. The increased demand for Chinese products by local consumers has created a readily available market and because of this, Chinese retail businesses are able to compete in the retail sector. This has led to a mixed reaction from the Kenyans. This study therefore set out to explore the perception of Kenyans towards Chinese involved in these retail enterprises by looking at their experiences ...

The Role of Chinese Foreign Policy in Africa’s Economic Development: A Case Study of Kenya (2003-2018)

Abstract: China has over the last few years pursued stronger economic and diplomatic relations with African states. This has largely been fuelled by its extraordinary economic growth, which has led to domestic demand for resources and the search for profitable markets and investment outlets. As Kenya became a key focus for China’s trade and economic strategy in Africa, this research sought to examine China’s Foreign policy approach and its bilateral relations with Kenya. The rationale be...


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