Research Papers/Topics in Population Studies

Burden Of Stroke In Ghana: Prevalence, Experience And Caregiving

ABSTRACTBackground: Stroke has been named as one of the public health priorities in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) because of its impact on mortality, morbidity and quality of life. Despite this, there is limited population-based information on prevalence and correlates of stroke, and there is limited information on knowledge and experience of stroke from the perspectives of the stroke survivors and their caregivers in SSA.Objectives: This thesis examined the prevalence, correlates, knowledge and e...

Determinants Of Divorce In Ghana, 2008

ABSTRACT Divorce is becoming a major developmental issue in modern society because of its high rate of increase in recent years. While the phenomenon has gained much attention in research in the developed world, less is known in the developing world especially in Sub-Saharan Africa. Meanwhile works have shown that through the processes of modernization and globalization, Sub-Saharan Africa including Ghana is beginning to experience the same family changes caused by divorce in the develo...

Factors Associated With Infant Deaths In Rural Ghana, 1998 To 2014

ABSTRACT Infant mortality rates in less developed countries are still high. Over the years in Ghana, successive governments have implemented policies and programs that have resulted in a decline in the infant mortality rate, especially in the rural areas. This study examined the factors associated with infant death among rural residents of Ghana, using data from the last four rounds (1998, 2003, 2008 and 2014) of the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS). A comparative method was us...

Internal Mobility And Risky Sexual Behaviour In Ghana

ABSTRACTThough several studies have shown an association between mobility and risky sexual behaviour, these studies did not distinguish between mobile and migrant population. However, the tendency for a mobile person to engage in risky sexual behaviour differs from that of a migrant because of the frequency of movement and the short duration of stay of a mobile person. This study therefore examined the relationship between mobility and risky sexual behaviour in Ghana using the 2014 Ghana Demo...

Psychosocial Well-Being of Individuals Living with Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases in Urban Poor Communities of Ghana.

ABSTRACTChronic non-communicable diseases pose a challenge to the achievement of developmental goals in low-income and middle-income countries. Over 9 million of all deaths associated with CNCDs occur among the economically active age group (WHO, 2011). Persons living with chronic disease(s) are confronted with psychosocial problems (de-Graft Aikins et al 2010).The study used the 2011 EDULUNK and qualitative data gathered by the RIPS-NYU project, to explore the prevalence of CNCDs in the urba...

Source Of Household Drinking Water And Diarrhoea Among Children Under Five Years In Ghana

ABSTRACTSafe drinking water is a basic need for good health as well as for human and economic development. Diarrhoea kills more than HIV and AIDS, and malaria combined. Diarrhoea kills about two million people especially children under five each year. The study investigates the relationship between source of household drinking water and diarrhoea incidence among children under five years in Ghana. A sample of 2,728 women who had given birth in the last five years preceding the survey was draw...

Exposure To And Impacts Of Flooding In Selected Urban Communities In Accra, Ghana: Examining The Implications For Building Resilience

ABSTRACT There is increased exposure of people and critical livelihood assets to flooding globally due to climate change and modification of the biophysical system through human activities. Flooding has become an annual phenomenon in Accra in recent decades and has severe impacts on the poor and vulnerable. Using transdisciplinary techniques across the social and biophysical sciences, this study examined the extent of exposure of urban population to flooding, and the assets and structur...

Flooding And Diarrhoeal Disease Incidence In Urban Poor Communities In Accra, Ghana: Investigating The Effects Of Risk Perception Measures

Abstract Flooding is an environmental challenge faced by many nations in the 21st Century. Studies have shown that recent floods in cities are responsible for the outbreak of cholera and non-cholera diarrhoea, but there is little work on the risk perceptions of diarrhoea resulting from flooding. Also, it is not known how risk perceptions of diarrhoea mediate the relationship between flooding and diarrhoeal disease. The risk perceptions people develop resulting from their exposure to flo...

Evaluation And Adjustment of Age Sex Data of The Population And Housing Census of Ghana 2000 And 2010

ABSTRACT The simplest and most basic census item age, mostly present difficulties with regard to its accuracy in statistically underdeveloped countries where civil registration coverage is limited in terms of its accessibility. The study aimed at evaluating and adjusting age data of the population and housing census of Ghana. Several evaluation tools were used to examine the errors. These include visual inspection of the data and at the same time graphing the single age data which revea...

Family Caregiving: Experiences Of Caregivers And Their Elderly Care Recipients In Urban Poor Communities In Accra, Ghana

ABSTRACTIn Ghana and other sub-Saharan African countries, the family is the primary caregiver for elderly persons and provides other forms of support to them. Urbanisation and its associated consequences have weakened traditional family ties and obligation, and subsequently impaired care for the elderly, particularly in urban poor communities in sub-Saharan Africa. Against this backdrop, this study explored the experiences of family caregivers and their elderly care recipients in two urban co...

Caesarean Section Deliveries in Ghana: Trends, Disparities And Influencing Factors

ABSTRACT C-section births have been increasing, yet disparities exist in the rates spatially and among socioeconomic sub-groups globally. Wide C-section disparities mirror a situation of overuse or underuse of the procedure with implications for maternal mortality. Factors associated with the Csection rise and disparities have not been well documented. The determinants of C-section rise and disparities have focused extensively on individual, institutional and medical factors to the neglec...

Age At First Sex And Lifetime Sexual Partners

ABSTRACT The literature suggests that globally adolescents initiate sex before age 15. In Ghana, young females initiate sex relatively earlier than males. Studies indicate that the age at which one experiences first sex in itself is not the problem, but rather the challenges resulting from the numerous health and social implications associated with it. One outcome in the literature for early sexual activity is a high number of sexual partners which is associated with a risk of contracti...

Delayed Marriage And Fertility Transition In Ghana

ABSTRACT Stalls in fertility transition have been observed in many Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, including Ghana. This stalling fertility, defy the Demographic Transition Theory and have attracted the research attention. Current studies seeking to unravel the causes of the stalling fertility have been inconclusive. Changes in the timing and prevalence of marriage are areas that call for attention because total fertility rate is a function of the age composition of the proportion ...

Factors Affecting Alcohol Use Among Women In Ghana

ABSTRACT Whilst there are claims that women in Ghana are involved in alcohol consumption behaviours that pose threats to the maternal health and social development of the country, extensive empirical research in Ghana to confirm these claims are unknown. Using a quantitative data sample of 548 women from the EDULINK Urban Health and Poverty wave II project, the study specifically examined the prevalence and socio-economic and demographic factors affecting alcohol use among women in Ghan...

Factors That Influence Exclusive Breastfeeding In Ghana

ABSTRACT Factors that determine exclusive breastfeeding in Ghana are important, especially in line with recommendation by WHO/UNICEF. The difference between WHO/UNICEF recommendations of 90% and the level of coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in Ghana (45%) is wide. The study examines exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months of age as recommended by WHO/UNICEF. It also determines possible factors that influence the progress of exclusive breastfeeding in Ghana, to inform possible strategi...


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