Research Papers/Topics in Population Studies

The Role Of Maternal, Psychosocial And Social-Cultural Factors In Hiv-Exposed Infants’ Service Uptake; Nakuru County Refferal Hospital, Kenya

ABSTRACT In 2015, approximately 1.8 in million children under 15 years of age were living with HIV with an estimated 150,000 newly infected mainly through Mother-to-Child Transmission while 110,000 died of HIV/AIDS related causes. In East and Southern Africa region, approximately one million children were living with HIV with 56,000 newly infected and 47,000 due to AIDS-related illnesses in the same year. Although Early Infant Diagnosis (EID) and immunization services for HIV-Expose...

Burden Of Diabetes Mellitus Among Patients In Thika Level Five Hospital, Kiambu County, Kenya

ABSTRACT The burden of diabetes is reflected not only in the increasing numbers of people with diabetes, but also in the growing numbers of premature deaths due to diabetes. One measure of burden of disease is disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), which combines estimates of years of life lost due to premature death (YLL) and years lived with disability (YLD) to count the total years of healthy life lost from disease and injury. In Kenya, NonCommunicable Diseases (NCDs) accounts for mo...

Assessment Of Utilization Of Postpartum Care Services Among Women In Webuye West, Bungoma County, Kenya

ABSTRACTPostpartum care is an important link in the continuum of care for maternal health. The postpartum period is critical because most maternal deaths occur during this time, yet this is the most neglected period for quality care provision. Postpartum Care (PPC) services are essential in the first six weeks extending to six months. When not offered they lead to complications, poor outcomes like morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess utilization and factors influencing...

The Drivers Of Fertility Decline Among Women In Murang’a County, Kenya

ABSTRACTDeclines in world’s fertility over the last three decades have been termed by scholars and demographers as the most notable demographic change. Fertility stall has been in Kenya coming after decades of very high levels of fertility. Inconsistent with the national demographics, Murang’a County recorded an abnormal age sex pyramid during the 2009 national census. This thesis focuses on the proximate determinants of Total Fertility Rate (TFR) in Murang’a County. This thesis present...

Determinants Of Psychosocial Well-Being Of Children (10-17 Years) Affected By Hiv And Aids In Kiambu County, Kenya

ABSTRACTChildren affected by HIV and AIDS (CAHA) are faced with psychological, social andeconomic challenges among others. HIV and AIDS has compounded the situationposing more suffering to children whose parents have died of the same. Childrenaffected by HIV and AIDS have been supported in various ways by their extendedfamilies and many other organizations. While there are a number of programmes thataddress the material needs of CAHA, there is less emphasis in assisting these childrenco...

School Feeding Programme And Educational Outcome In Tema Municipality

ABSTRACT The Ghana School Feeding Programme is a social intervention to provide deprived pupils in public basic schools one hot nutritious meal a day. The study seeks to find the extent the programme has impacted on academic achievement of pupils. The study was carried out in six basic schools that are participating in the GSFP in the Tema Metropolis. The study combined both secondary and primary data for the investigation. Both primary and secondary data were used for the analysis. Gh...

Maternal Characteristics And Malaria Prevalence Among Children In Ghana

ABSTRACT Malaria threatens the lives of billions of people globally and leads to over one million deaths annually (WHO 2010). More than 90 per cent of the clinical cases and deaths in sub-Saharan Africa are caused by malaria (WHO 2011). Malaria kills an estimated one million children under five years of age per year or one child in every 30 seconds. Malaria is hyper-endemic in Ghana, accounting for 44% of outpatient attendance, 13% of all hospital deaths, and 22% of mortality among chil...

Consensus And Conflict Resolution In Postcolonial Zimbabwe: Philosophical Reflections On An Indigenous Method Of Conflict Resolution

AbstractThe role that the indigenous systems of governance in Africa play towards solvingsome of the social, political and economic problems cannot be overlooked. Contrary tothe popular opinion suggesting that African indigenous approaches to conflict resolutionare archaic and outmoded, this essay emphasizes the need to rethink the relevanceof consensus as a sine qua non basis for conflict resolution in Zimbabwe. Here, consensusis described as a long-established form of compromise that contri...

Predictors Of Tuberculosis Recurrence In Adult Patients Treated In Siaya And Kisumu County Hospitals

ABSTRACTTuberculosis still remains one of the world’s deadliest curable disease. Emergence of HIV, multi-drug resistance (MDR), high prevalence of post-treatment tuberculosis are some of the major setbacks which now poses a major challenge to attainment of tuberculosis control programme targets of 70% detection of infectious tuberculosis and 80% cure rate of detected cases. Despite the availability of effective anti-tuberculosis and ant-retroviral (ART) drugs, high incidence rate of approxi...

The Changing Patterns Of Ghanaian Towns, 1960-2000

ABSTRACT The main objective of this study is to examine the growth patterns of Ghanaian towns in terms of population size and to investigate the plausible reasons for an increase or decrease in the number of people living in the towns at a particular point in time. For a meaningful study, selection is made of all towns in the country with population of 10,000 or more by the 2000 Population and Housing Census Reports of Ghana. The study found out that, internal migration in Ghana flows i...

Maternal Education And Birth Registration In Ghana

ABSTRACT It is the right of every child to get an identity and nationality. Birth registration involves documentation of a child’s birth in the civil register by the government authority and it is the first legal document of a child. It provides vital information that facilitates planning and development in a country. In Ghana, about 50% of children under five are registered. In recent years, maternal education is said to be influencing birth registration. Specifically, it is propo...

Factors Associated With Multiple Induced Abortions In Ghana

ABSTRACT When a woman is faced with an unintended pregnancy the onus lies on her to either carry the pregnancy to term or terminate it, and in the developing world the majority of these are terminated unsafely. The problem of induced abortion can further be exacerbated when they become repeated. Women who have previous records of induced abortion stand a greater risk of resorting to it again when the need arises. It is therefore necessary to note the factors that serve as contributors t...

Determinants Of Infant Mortality In Tanzania

ABSTRACT This study set out to examine the determinants of infant mortality in Tanzania. Data from the Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey (TDHS), 2010 were used. A total number of 2,976 children who were born to women aged 15-49 years during the period of one year preceding the survey were involved during the study. The specific objectives of this study were; to describe the mothers‘ background characteristics, to establish the relationship between mothers‘ background variables ...

Antenatal Care Utilization And Child Survival Among Women In Ghana

ABSTRACT Globally, about 7.7 million children under five years died in 2010. In Ghana, the under-five mortality rate is estimated at 72 deaths per 1000 live births in 2012 according to UNICEF. Although there has been a decline in under-five mortality in Ghana, substantial progress is required to achieve the Millennium Development Goal 4 by reducing child mortality by 2015. Several interventions have been put in place to ensure child survival. The study aimed at examining the relationship...

Socio-Cultural Factors Affecting Maternal Health: A Study of Owukpa Community, Ogbadigbo L.G.A, Benue State And Obolloeke Community, Udenu L.G.A, Enugu State.

ABSTRACT For women of childbearing age, the major challenge is the risk of maternal death as a result of poor health during pregnancy and childbirth. Women face this challenge because of their reproductive biology, and in a country with one of the world’s highest maternal mortality ratio the dangers are particularly pronounced especially in rural areas. Deprivations and certain social-cultural factors combine to create poor health for women in developing countries and most especially ...


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