Research Papers/Topics in Agricultural And Bioresources Engineering

Heavy Metals Bioremediation Of Agricultural Soil Using Poultry Litter

The aim of this research is to determine the level of heavy metals contamination of agricultural soil and to reduce its concentration in the soil. Soil sampled at Inua Eyet Ikot, Mkpanak, Ibeno Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State was analyzed to check for the initial heavy metal concentration of the soil. Poultry litter as a nutrient additive bearing microorganisms, bacteria and fungi was introduced to the soil to reduce the concentration of heavy metals. The sampled soil was mixed with ...

EFFECT OF FEEDING VARYING LEVELES OF COWPEA AND GROUNDNUT HAULMS ON GROWTH AND HEAMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF RED SOKOTO GOATS

ABSTRACTThe study was conducted to determine the effect of inclusion level of cowpea haulms and groundnut haulms on the growth performance and haematological parameters of Red sokoto goats. Nine goats were allocated to three dietary treatments which were formulated to contain 40% cowpea haulms, 40% groundnut haulms and 20% cowpea ː 20% groundnut inclusion. In a Completely Randomised Design (CRD). Each animal was fed 2.5% of the body weight of the experimental diet for a period of 12 w...

Assess the Level of Knowledge and Attitude of Rural Women Towards Agro-Forestry Practices in Chikun Local Government Area of Kaduna State.

AbstractThe study examined the Knowledge and attitude of rural women towards agroforestry practices in Chikun Local Government Area ( LGA) of Kaduna State. The objectives of the study were to describe the socio-economic characteristics of rural women, describe the types of agroforestry practices, examine the sources of information on ageroforestry, find out the level of knowledge of rural women on agroforestry practices, ascertain the attitude of rural women toward agroforestry practic...

Design and Construction of an Integrated Mechanized Cassava Mash and Garri Sifter (Sieve)

Cassava is produced in a large quantity in Nigeria. One of the products emerging from its processing has turned out to be a major staple food in the nation, which is ‘garri’. Due to insufficient and inadequate processing equipment; cassava has been susceptible to wastage and ‘garri’ production has been reduced in scale, thereby resulting in insufficiency and high cost of ’garri’ in the market. In order to ease the production process, a compact mechanized cassava mash/‘garri...

Biochemical and biometrics characterization of five varieties of Pistacia vera L. grown in Maoussa experimental station (northwest of Algeria)

Both biometric behavior study and fruit biochemical analysis of five varieties of Syrian Pistacia vera introduced in Algeria in 1998 and raised in semi-arid bioclimatic stage (common Maoussa, Mascara, Algeria) led to a qualitative comparison. Based on the pistachio descriptor criteria established by the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute in 1997, characterization and descriptor of female varieties of pistachio were performed. The obtained results allow the bet...

Comparative Study of The Emergence and Growth of Young Seedlings of Five Varieties of Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) of Syrian Origin

The present work is to study the emergence and growth of seedlings of five pistachio varieties that are: Batouri, Achouri, Neb-Djemel, Adjmi and Bayadhi. The study was conducted in a greenhouse temperature and photoperiod were controlled. The seeds are germinated in pots filled with peat without going through the damp cold stratification at a temperature of 4ºC. The results obtained showed that growth parameters (length and diameter of the plants) revealed significant tes...

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF ANIMAL MANURE ON MICROBIAL ABUNDANCE AND MAIZE YIELD

The study aimed at identifying animal manure which influences soil health indicators (microbial abundance), was conducted at Lilongwe university of Agriculture and Natural Resources (LUANAR) crop and soil science student farm. The experiment had four treatments; cattle manure., goat manure,pig manure and chicken Manuel. Treatments were arranged in RCB replicated three times. The ANOVA shows that there was significant difference (p

Evaluation de la réponse du maïs (Zea mays L.) installé entre les haies de Tithonia diversifolia à Lubumbashi, R.D. Congo

Assessment of the response of maize (Zea mays L.) planted between hedgerows of Tithonia diversifolia in Lubumbashi, DR CongoObjective: Two trials were carried out over time at the Centre de Recherche Agroalimentaire (CRAA) and aimed at evaluating the behavior of maize cultivation in hedgerows of Tithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower).Methodology and results: The experimentation design was a completely randomized, the distances from maize planting lines to the T. diversifolia hedge are ...

ADOPTION OF IMPROVED RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES BY FARMERS IN KUDAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE

The main focused of this study was to evaluate the adoption of improved rice production technologies among farmers in Kudan Local Government Area of Kaduna state. The specific objectives of the study are to:  describe the socio-economic characteristics of rice farmers, identify the sources of information used by rice   farmers, describe the level of adoption of improved rice production technologies, determine the factors that influence the adoption of  improved rice ...

Feeding Everyone: Solving the Food Crisis in Event of Global Catastrophes that Kill Crops or Obscure the Sun

Mass human starvation is currently likely if global agricultural production is dramatically reduced for several years following a global catastrophe: e.g. super volcanic eruption, asteroid or comet impact, nuclear winter, abrupt climate change, super weed, extirpating crop pathogen, super bacterium, or super crop pest. This study summarizes the severity and probabilities of such scenarios, and provides an order of magnitude technical analysis comparing caloric requirements of all humans for f...

Alternative Foods as a Solution to Global Food Supply Catastrophes

Analysis of future food security typically focuses on managing gradual trends such as population growth, natural resource depletion, and environmental degradation. However, several risks threaten to cause large and abrupt declines in food security. For example, nuclear war, volcanic eruptions, and asteroid impact events can block sunlight, causing abrupt global cooling. In extreme but entirely possible cases, these events could make agriculture infeasible worldwide for several years, creating...

Integrative Risk Management for abrupt catastrophes destroying 10%- 20% of global food supply

"Global Catastrophic Risks” collectively have ~1 in 10 probability of occurring per decade. With the possible exceptions of China, USA and South Korea, current resilience, financial systems and relief capacity are designed to mitigate only limited food price increases (such as in 2008 which was caused by impacts totalling

Cost-Effectiveness of Interventions for Alternate Food to Address Agricultural Catastrophes Globally

The literature suggests there is about a 1 % risk per year of a 10 % global agricultural shortfall due to catastrophes such as a large volcanic eruption, a medium asteroid or comet impact, regional nuclear war, abrupt climate change, and extreme weather causing multiple breadbasket failures. This shortfall has an expected mortality of about 500 million people. To prevent such mass starvation, alternate foods can be deployed that utilize stored biomass. This study developed a model with litera...

Feeding Everyone if the Sun is Obscured and Industry is Disabled

A number of catastrophes could block the sun, including asteroid/comet impact, super volcanic eruption, and nuclear war with the burning of cities (nuclear winter). The problem of feeding 7 billion people would arise (the food problem is more severe than other problems associated with these catastrophes). Previous work has shown this is possible converting stored biomass to food if industry is present. A number of risks could destroy electricity globally, including a series of high-altitude e...

Development of a pedal operated breadfruit dehulling machine

ABSTRACTBreadfruit (Treculia Africana) or simply breadnut is very important  both as food and as a potential source of oil. The economic  importance of this tropical seed on domestic and commercial basis  has necessitated the development of a pedal breadfruit dehuller, that  would reduce the Cost of maintaining and purchasing motorized dehuller, Solve the problem of fuel scarcity, inadequate electricity supply . In the engineering design of this machine, the action zone co...


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