Research Papers/Topics in Geography And Environmetal Studies

Managing Water Resources in Nigeria Global Thinking Versus Local Realities in the Cross River Basin

Water resources management has passed through many stages over the millenium. In the process, Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) was discovered and embraced as a panacea for the world’s water resources problems. Many countries in the developing realm have adopted IWRM with measurable success. Experiences in the developing countries have never come out very clear. This study attempts to have insight into how the general principles of IWRM performs at local situations in Nigeria. Th...

Assessment of Satellite Imageries in Mapping Agricultural Lands for Use in Land Use Conflict Resolution in Parts of Plateau State, Central Nigeria

Abstract This study investigates the landuse conflict between cattle herdsmen and farmers in Plateau state, Nigeria. It analyzed the landuse and landcover dynamics of the study area between 1986 and 2014 and identified the trance-humance routes, grazing corridors and conflict zones in the area. It went further to determine the optimal farming and grazing zones using GIS multi-criteria analysis. The study made use of Landsat images of 1986, 2001 and 2014, elevation data (SRTM) of 20...

Lake Chad Humanitarian Situation report

Lake Chad (in French: Lac Tchad) is a large, shallow lake in Africa. It is economically very important, providing water to more than 20 million people living in the four countries which surround it — Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria. It is located mainly in the far west of Chad, bordering on north eastern Nigeria. The Chari River is its largest source of water, providing over 90% of Lake Chad's water. The lake possesses many small islands and mud banks, and its shorelines are largely...

STRATEGIES FOR CREATING PUBLIC AWARENESS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA

In the process of man’s consumption of natural resources in his natural environment, a number of stress is created which affects adversely the quality of the environment in which he lives. In this paper an attempt has been made to identify the various methods through which public awareness that are considered effective as well as the strategies for their implication are discussed in the light of the achievement of a sustainable environment in Nigeria. In its introductory section...

World Scientists Warning to Humanity- A Second Notice

Twenty-five years ago the Union of Concerned Scientists and more than 1,500 scientists, including the majority of living Nobel laureates in the sciences, penned the 1992 “Scientists’ Warning to Humanity.” These scientists called on humankind to curtail environmental destruction and cautioned “a great change in our stewardship of the Earth and the life on it is required, if vast human misery is to be avoided.” In their manifesto, they showed that humans are on a collision cour...

Analysis of Settlement Expansion and Urban Growth Modelling Using Geoinformation for Assessing Potential Impacts of Urbanization on Climate in Abuja City, Nigeria

This study analyzed the spatiotemporal pattern of settlement expansion in Abuja,Nigeria, one ofWest Africa’s fastest developing cities, using geoinformation and ancillary datasets.Three epochs of Land-use Land-cover (LULC) maps for 1986, 2001 and 2014 were derived fromLandsat images using support vector machines (SVM). Accuracy assessment (AA) of the LULC mapsbased on the pixel count resulted in overall accuracy of 82%, 92% and 92%, while the AA derived fromthe error adjusted area (EAA) met...

Alternative Routes for a Proposed Nigerian Superhighway to Limit Damage to Rare Ecosystems and Wildlife

The Cross River State Government in Nigeria is proposing to construct a ‘‘Cross River Superhighway’’ that would bisectcritical remaining areas of tropical rainforest in south eastern Nigeria. We offer and evaluate two alternative routes to the superhighway that would be less damaging to forests, protected areas, and biological diversity. The first alternative we identified avoids intact forests entirely while seeking to benefit agriculture and existing settlements. The secon...

SPATIAL ANALYSIS FROM REMOTELY SENSED OBSERVATIONS OF CONGO BASIN OF EAST AFRICAN HIGH LAND TO DRAIN WATER USING GRAVITY FOR SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF LOW LAYING CHAD BASIN OF CENTRAL AFRICA

The Chad basin which covers an area of about 2.4 million kilometer square is one of the largest drainage basins in Africa in the centre of Lake Chad .This basin was formed as a result of rifting and drifting episode, as such it has no outlet to the oceans or seas. It contains large area of desert from the north to the west. The basin covers in part seven countries such as Chad, Nigeria, Central African Republic, Cameroun, Niger, Sudan and Algeria .it is named Chad basin because 43.9% falls...

THE PLUTO DEBATE IN THE NEW DEFINITION OF SOLAR SYSTEM

This paper gives an overview of the Pluto debate in solar system. It explains the new definition of planet and how it affects students in the elementary schools.The paper also seeks the active participation of stakeholders in educating people on new discoveries in space explorations.IntroductionThe composition of planets in the solar system has been a point of debate among astronomers, planetary scientist, astrophysicist etc on the status of some planets. It is known that the planets, satelli...

FIRE FIGHTING

 ABSTRACT The purpose of fire fighting training is to highlight the fundamentals of fire fighting to enable personnel fight incipient fire. Fire is a very rapid chemical reaction between oxygen and a combustible material, which results in the release of heat, light, flames and smoke; or a combustion process of oxidation characterized by the production of heat, flam...

APPLICATION OF GIS AND REMOTE SENSING IN SPATIAL LOCATION OF OIL AND GAS PLATFORMS IN THE NIGER DELTA

ABSTRACT This study investigated the uses of GIS and Remote Sensing as a strategic tool for locating the positions of oil and gas fields. It has revealed the ability of GIS tool to develop database showing all the layers used for the study from logical to physical database design, bringing to the public domain, the applications of GIS and RS technologies using geospatial data in locating oil and...