General

Research Papers/Topics in General

The Use Of Large Unskilled Labour Force Fcr Non-Traditional Residmial Prqtects In Nigeria

ABSTRACT This paper oe.nt~s its attention on the large use of unskilled labour force for non-traditional residential buildings in particular and for the construction works in Nigeria as a whole. The writer notes wit h sadness that a major unemplqyment of all categories of workers in the construction .industry especially the unskilled ones is now on the increase, unlike before whm the construction industry used to be the largest indust:r."Y' in the nation employing an appreciable proportion of...

Socio-Economic Determinants Of Risky Sexual Behaviours Among Adolescent Students In Kinondoni Municipality, Tanzania

ABSTRACT Adolescents’ sexual behaviour among students is an issue of concern due to its reproductive health risks and academic development such as school performance. Socio-economic factors that influence this risky sexual behavior have not adequately analyzed. The aim of this study was to identify the socio-economic determinants of risky sexual behaviours among adolescent students and assess the extent of involvement in the risky sexual behaviours. A cross-sectional design using self admi...

Effects Of Some Abiotic And Biotic Factors On The Zooplankton Community In Lake Baringo, Kenya

ABSTRACT Lake Baringo is a turbid lake that lies in a closed drainage basin of the Kenyan East African Rift Valley. The lake’s water quality has deteriorated in the recent past mainly due to sedimentation from its catchment arising from poor agricultural practices, deforestion and overgrazing. Its fishery has also declined since the 1980s and frequent lake closures to fishing activities have not alleviated the problem. This shows that there may be other critical ecological and environmenta...

Assessment Of Ecosystem Services In Natural Wetlands And Rice Fields In Nyando Floodplain, Kenya

ABSTRACT Natural wetlands are crucial ecosystems capable of providing provisioning, regulatory and cultural ecosystem services (ES). However, globally, wetlands are constantly under threats of degradation of their functions and loss or reduction of wetland coverage area, as a result of agricultural intensification due to demands for food production. Natural wetlands in Nyando floodplain are no exception as a result of conversion into rice fields. Such conversions may compromise some of the e...

Teachers’ Perceptions Of Relationship Between Perfomance Appraisal Policy And Good Governance In Public Secondary Schools In Njoro Sub County, Kenya

ABSTRACT Kenya’s goal to be a middle-income economy by the year 2030 will depend significantly on quality education and training geared towards producing a highly competitive workforce. To realize this goal, Teachers Service Commission adopted the performance appraisal policy to aid in carrying out evaluations. The evaluations are meant to improve practice in schools thereby enhancing accountability, transparency, effectiveness and efficiency, all of which are aspects of good governance. D...

Bacteriological Analysis Of Faecal Pollution And Solar Radiation Disinfection Of Domestic Water Sources Within Lake Naivasha Basin, Kenya

ABSTRACT There is an increase in exposure of water sources to faecal contamination as a result of expanding anthrogenic activities in Lake Naivasha basin in Kenya. This contamination exposes water users in the region to a variety of health risks. This study investigated faecal pollution of community water sources (lake, rivers and boreholes) within Lake Naivasha basin through determination of the concentrations of total coliforms, Escherichia coli, intestinal enterococci, Clostridium perfrin...

Influence Of Monitoring And Evaluation Practices On The Performance Of Government-Sponsored Arts Projects In Namibia: A Case Of National Arts Council Of Namibia

The study identifies the Monitoring and Evaluation practices and performance of government funded arts projects within Namibia using the National Arts Council of Namibia as the case study. The core objectives of the research were to investigate the influence of M&E planning, control and communication practices on the performance of the artist’s projects that are funded by the government through the NACN. The study employed a mixed method approach of research; largely qualitative in nature w...

Factors Influencing The Performance Of Projects In Non Governmental Organizations In Kenya: A Case Of Ujamaa Africa

Non-Governmental Organizations need to measure whether the projects they implement are successful and they therefore need an effective system of managing and managing their performance. Performance is measured in different perspectives taking into consideration different stakeholder interests such as donors, beneficiaries’ interests and internal effectiveness. Managing and measuring performance in Non-Governmental Organizations can be used as a tool that assists organizations to evaluate im...

Growth Performance Of Mixed Sex Nile Tilapia In Cage Monoculture And Polyculture With African Catfish And African Carp

ABSTRACT The excessive breeding of mixed sex Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in ponds often lead to stunted growth. This study hypothesized that cage culture was a potential alternative in solving the problem. Furthermore, it was hypothesized that its growth performance does not significantly vary when polycultured in cages with the African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell 1822) and African carp (Labeo victorianus Boulenger 1901). An experiment was set up in a completely randomized ...

Temporal And Environmental Conditions Regulating Biomass Dynamics In Water Hyacinth And Its Effects On Water Quality In Lake Naivasha, Kenya

ABSTRACT The influence of the water hyacinth mats on the physico-chemical characteristics of the underlying water is important in understanding the potential impacts on the aquatic organisms and human uses. The objective of the study was to determine the temporal and environmental conditions regulating biomass dynamics in water hyacinth and its effects on water quality in Lake Naivasha, Kenya. Field measurement and experimental set up were used to generate research data. Field research was c...

The Ecology And Relative Abundance Of Clarias Species In Relation To Land Use Change In The Mpologoma Riverine Wetland, Uganda

ABSTRACT Land use change influences wetland’s services through effects on structure, physicochemical environment and the biota. This consequently affects the ecology and relative abundance of individuals or populations of certain fish species. This calls for concerted efforts to understand the wetlands’ response to land use change impacts if a sustainable balance between demand and wetland resources is to be achieved. The ecology and relative abundance of the endemic small Clarias specie...

Stakeholder’s Perceptions Of Influence Of Community Policing On Criminal Activities In Low Income Areas Of Nakuru Town, Kenya

Kenya has experienced a huge security lapse in the last one decade. This has been the case due to frequent rates of crime such as theft, armed robbery, burglary, housebreaking, battery, assault and terrorism among others. Many lives have been lost, property destroyed or stolen, many homes and houses broken into, many people displaced as a result of these crimes. Community policing was introduced in Kenya in 2003 to help in reducing such criminal activities. However, it is observed that c...

Distribution, Isolation And Characterization Of Bacteria With Industrial Potential In Lake Nakuru, Kenya

Lake Nakuru is an economically important natural resource in Kenya. Despite the unique ecological characteristics exemplified by this lake, the industrial potential of microbes in the lake has barely been explored. The main objective of this study was to determine the distribution of bacteria, isolate and characterize bacteria with industrial potential. This was achieved through intensive ecological study of three sites on the lake for a period of six months (January to June 2010). Total...

Comparative Assessment Of Feeding And Reproductive Ecology Of Oreochromis Leucostictus (Pisces: Cichlidae) And Cyprinus Carpio (Pisces: Cyprinidae) In Lake Naivasha, Kenya

ABSTRACT Lake Naivasha fishery is economically important to the communities living around the lake and nationally. The communities derive economic benefits directly and indirectly through fish sales and utilization of fish for food as a source of protein. The fishery is primarily based on exotic species, supported by six main species, namely; Blue spotted tilapia (Oreochromis leucostictus), Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), Red-bellied tilapia (Tilapia zilli), Largemouth bass (Micropteru...

Feeding Habit, Fecundity And Other Biological Aspects Of The African Catfish Clarias Gariepinus (Clariidae) In Lake Naivasha, Kenya

ABSTRACT The African catfish Clarias gariepinus is a non-native fish species to Lake Naivasha. The timing and method of its introduction into the Lake is not clearly known, but it is thought that it probably came through the inflowing rivers; Malewa, Gilgil and Karati. The biology and ecology of catfish in Lake Naivasha is poorly known. This lack of knowledge makes it difficult to estimate the trophic level, reproductive capacity and ecological role of the species in the Lake. Therefore, thi...


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