Research Papers/Topics in Health Administration And Management

Assessment Of Injection Safety Practices In Health Facilities In Bongo And Talensi Districts In The Upper East Region

ABSTRACT Injections are one of the most common health care procedures, with some 16 billion injections administered world-wide each year. Most injections (90% to 95%) are given for therapeutic purposes, and only 5% to 10% are given for immunization. (Immunization essentials, a practical field guide. 2003) Among other things, injection safety assessment includes; Competence of the staff on injection practice, the availability of injection equipment, logistics and supplies, Injection wast...

Geospatial Analysis On Access To Maternal Health Care In Jasikan District

ABSTRACT Provision of maternal health care to pregnant women is to ensure the safety and good health of the mother and baby, but one of the challenges impeding maternal health care is accessible to the service. Access to Maternal health care is affected by where health professionals are located (supply) and where the target population resides (demand). Distance remains one of the key determinants in accessing maternal health care in rural areas due to the sparse location of settlement c...

Prevalence Of Anti Bodies To Human LYMPHOTROPIC Virus ; TYPE I Among Blood Donors At The 37th Military Hospital, Accra, Ghana

Several infectious diseases have been found to be associated with transfusion o f whole blood orblood components. Reports from studies conducted in many African countries indicate a highincidence of blood-borne pathogens such as human T-lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-I) amonghealthy blood donors. Experimental data indicate that a r. ajor route for transmission o f the HTLV-Iis through blood transfusion. The prevalence o f HTLV-I antibodies among blood donors in Ghanais not well documented. P...

Assesing Managers And Staff Perception Of Implementing And Electronic Health Record System(EHR) A Case Study of The Ghana Atomic And Energy Commission Clinic

ABSTRACT Health Information Technologies such as Electronic Health Records (EHRs) is considered by health care professionals, consumers and policy makers to be fundamental in transforming the health care industry. Given the complex nature of the health care industry, the limitations of using paper-based medical records are obvious, hence a transition of traditional paper-based medical records to electronic health recording system. EHR is known to reduce loads of medical records keeping,...

Outcome Of A Research Ethics Training Workshop Among Clinicians And Scientists In A Nigerian University

Abstract Background: In Nigeria, as in other developing countries, access to training in research ethics is limited, due to weak social, economic, and health infrastructure. The project described in this article was designed to develop the capacity of academic staff of the College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria to conduct ethically acceptable research involving human participants. Methods: Three in-depth interviews and one focus group discussion were conducted to assess the ...

Indigenous Surgical Practices In Rural Southwestern Nigeria: Implications For Disease Prevention

Abstract A qualitative, community-based study was conducted in the rural community of Ago Are in southwestern Nigeria to learn about indigenous surgical practices and their potential for disease transmission. Community leaders as key informants assisted in identifying two types of indigenous practitioner whose work involved blood contact, whose work was observed. The ol6lil are surgeons who specialize in circumcision and making traditional facial-markings, while the generic term for...

Perceived Susceptibility To Noise Induced Hearing Loss And Attitude Towards Preventive Care Among Metal Workers At Gate, Ibadan: A Pilot Study

Summary Audiometric assessment was carried out on 26 metal workers at the spare parts market, Gate Ibadan to corroborate their perceived susceptibility to noise induced hearing loss. Of the 26 studied, 13 (50.0%) indicated non-susceptibility. II (42.3%) indicated susceptibility while 2 (7. '7%) did not know. Otology symptoms mentioned by those who indicate susceptibility were tinnitus (63.6%), hearing loss (36.4%), otalgia (18.2%), headache (9.1 %), and post-aural pain (9.1 %). Audiomet...

HIV Risk-Related Behavior, Sexual Coercion, and Implications for Prevention Strategies among Female Apprentice Tailors, Ibadan, Nigeria

ABSTRACTWe describe a survey of 300 young female apprentice tailors in a peri urban community in Ibadan, Nigeria. The objectives were to assess HIV risk-related behavior in order to plan appropriate prevention interventions. Most apprentice tailors were 18-21 years old (68%), single (95%), and had not completed secondary school (98%). History of sexual intercourse was reported by 53 %; 42 % had ever experienced unwanted touching of the breast, backside, shoulder, or waist; 4% reported be...

MANAGEMENT AND COPING STRATEGIES OF HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS SEEKING TREATMENT AT BRONG AHAFO REGIONAL HOSPITAL, SUNYAN

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to explore the management and coping strategies of hypertensive patients seeking treatment at Brong Ahafo Regional Hospital, and to examine participants’ experiences of living with the condition. A mixed method design was used and all 508 consenting patients were selected for the quantitative aspect, and 16 were conveniently sampled for the qualitative one. Instruments (questionnaire and in-depth interview guide) derived from five pre-existing o...

Effect of Peer Education on Deaf Secondary School Students' HIV/ AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Sexual Behaviour

ABSTRACTThis study evaluated the effect of an AIDS education program on deaf secondary school students' knowledge, attitude and perceived susceptibility to AIDS using peer education. Two secondary schools matched fur ownership (government), composition (mixture of hearing and deaf and teaching arrangement (separate teaching of deaf students using sign language) were used, and each school was randomly allocated the intervention or control status. All students completed a questionnaire on AID...

Experiences and Satisfaction With National Health Insurance Scheme Among Non-Teaching Staff of College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

ABSTRACT National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) aims to ensure that every Nigerian has access to good health care services at affordable costs. Inspite of the NHIS benefits, poor utilisation rate has been documented in previous studies and out-of-pocket means of payment still remain high. This study was therefore designed to investigate the experiences, level of satisfaction and attitude towards NHIS among Non-Teaching Staff (NTS) of College of Medicine, University of Ibadan (CoMUI), I...

The Structure and Function of Research. Ethics Committees in Africa: A Case Study

According to international guidelines [1,2] and several nations' laws [3-5], research with humans requires independent ethics committee review. In the United Slates, committees are called institutional review boards (IRBs) [6]; elsewhere they generally are called research ethics committees (RECs). Committees are designed to: provide third party review, thereby minimizing conflicts of interest; protect the welfare of research participants through attention to risks, benefits, and...

SOCIAL COST OF MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENTS-A CASE STUDY OF THE BOLGATANGA MUNICIPALITY

AbstractBackground Road traffic accidents are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries in Ghana. The purpose of this study is to estimate the social costs of motorcycle accidents in the Bolgatanga Municipality.. Method The study was a retrospective cross-sectional cost study. Data on direct, indirect and intangible costs were obtained from patients and their families using a structured questionnaire. The costs are calculated from the social perspective which includes out-of-pocket ex...


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