Research Papers/Topics in Health Administration And Management

Quality Of Hiv And Aids Data Reported In Community Based Health Information System In Homa-Bay County, Kenya.

ABSTRACTKenya national AIDS strategic plan end term review on data quality reported from community level by the Community-Based Organizations and Faith-Based Organizations revealed data to be inadequately accurate which hampers achievement of the goal of zero infections rates. However, there is limited evidence on factors contributing to the poor quality of data reported and solutions to address these problems. To address this gap, this study purposed to assess quality of HIV/IDS data reporte...

Quality Of Hiv And Aids Data Reported In Community Based Health Information System In Homa-Bay County, Kenya

ABSTRACTKenya national AIDS strategic plan end term review on data quality reported from community level by the Community-Based Organizations and Faith-Based Organizations revealed data to be inadequately accurate which hampers achievement of the goal of zero infections rates. However, there is limited evidence on factors contributing to the poor quality of data reported and solutions to address these problems. To address this gap, this study purposed to assess quality of HIV/IDS data reporte...

Pitfalls of Financing Healthcare in Nigeria

IntroductionThe 2020 World Bank data estimates Nigeria's population to be about 202 million. Nigeria is also a multi-ethnic federation with 36 states spread across 6 geopolitical regions (North-Central, North-West, North-East, South-South, South-East, and South-West) and the Federal Capital Territory. The country's major source of revenue is oil and gas, with a Gross domestic product (GDP) of 23.4 billion USD. Health expenditure accounts for 3.7% of the total GDP and the total per capit...

Determinants Of Antenatal Care Attendance Among Women In The Reproductive Age At Guriel District, Somalia

ABSTRACTWorldwide it is estimated that 303,000 of maternal deaths occurred in 2015.It is also estimated that in Somalia the maternal mortality rate is 669 deaths per 100,000 live births. Infect one out every 12 women dies due to pregnancy-related issues and one every nine Somali children dies before one year. Antenatal care attendance at four times in Somalia is 24 %. Seventy nine percent of women deliver at home, and twenty-four percent of them delivery with skilled assistance .The major con...

Information Seeking Behaviour Among Health Professionals In Public Health Facilities In Garissa County, Kenya

ABSTRACTInformation is inevitable in the health profession. The need to become informed and knowledgeable which leads to “information seeking behaviour processes” is important among qualified health professionals who have vital roles in achieving health goals of a given country. However, in Kenya, little effort have been made in understanding the information seeking behaviour of health professionals compared to effort made towards developing new information technologies. Therefore, the ge...

Epidemiological Studies Of Mycobacterium Species In Slaughter Cattle And Contaminations Of The Slaughter Facilities Environment In Iringa Municipality, Tanzania

ABSTRACTThis cross sectional study was carried out between August and December 2015 in order to determine the presence of Mycobacterial infections in slaughter cattle and assess the occurrence of Mycobacteria in the slaughter facility environment in Iringa Municipality, Tanzania. A total of 3817 slaughter cattle were examined tuberculous like lesions in lymph nodes, lungs and other visceral organs. Tissues with suspect lesions were collected for laboratory analysis. Effluent samples in the sl...

Enhancing Performance And Fatty Acids Composition Of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis Niloticus) Through Housefly Maggots (Musca Domestica) Meal Cultured On Aquatic Macrophytes

ABSTRACTFish forms an integral part of human diet in Tanzania being rich in protein and Omega 3 fatty acids (ω-3FAs) which are important for growth and proper functioning of human body. The amount of ω-3FAs and performance of tilapia (O. niloticus), the most cultured and consumed fish in Tanzania reported to be low due to inadequate of quality feeds. This study was conducted to compare the effect of three substrates on yield and composition of housefly maggots (HFM); assessed growth perform...

Prevalence And Characterization Of Staphylococcus Aureus In Fresh Indian Mackerel (Rastrelliger Kanagurta) In Unguja Island

ABSTRACTA cross-sectional study design was conducted to assess the prevalence and characterization of Staphylococcus aureus in fresh Indian mackerel fish (IMF) in Unguja Island. A total of 400 fish samples of IMF were collected from three landing sites Malindi, Mangapwani and Mkokotoni. From each fish two samples were collected namely fish skin swab and fish tissue (muscle). The primary culture were obtained from Mannitol salt agar, Nutrient and Blood agar followed by Gram staining, Catalase,...

Occurrence Of Fungal Infections In Rufiji Tilapia And Hybrids Of Female Nile Tilapia And Male Rufiji Tilapia At Different Salinities

ABSTRACTFungal diseases are prevalent in fish and have the potential of limiting productivity in aquaculture. This study aimed to isolate and determine fungal infections in hatchery with female Rufiji tilapia and their hybrids of male Rufiji tilapia and female Nile tilapia. An experimental study design was conducted to determine the occurrence of fungal infections and to characterize the isolates of Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus niger. Fish samples were randomly collected from the hatche...

Farming Practices And Occurrence Of Vibrio Cholerae And Vibrio Parahaemolyticus In Milkfish Farms In Zanzibar, Tanzania

ABSTRACT  Fishing is one of the main economic activities in Zanzibar. A few fish dealers are transforming this sector into mariculture. Among farmed fish is milkfish. Diseases are among the most important limitations in development of mariculture. Among others, vibriosis, a zoonotic disease of fish caused by bacteria from the genus Vibrio, is reported to cause significant losses in the industry. This study aimed at establishing the occurrence of Vibrio cholerae and Vibrio paraha...

Assessment of Factors Influencing Low Contraceptive Use Among Adolescent in the Kintampo North Municipality

ABSTRACTThe study was conducted to assess the factors influencing low contraceptive use among adolescents in the Kintampo north municipality. Cross-sectional study design was used for the study using a sample size of 100 adolescents in the municipality. A questionnaire was used for the data collection. Results of the study showed that, there was a high (79%) knowledge of contraceptives among respondents. Some health system factors that influenced the use of contraceptives among adolescents in...

Assessment Of Injection Safety Practices In Health Facilities In Bongo And Talensi Districts In The Upper East Region

ABSTRACT Injections are one of the most common health care procedures, with some 16 billion injections administered world-wide each year. Most injections (90% to 95%) are given for therapeutic purposes, and only 5% to 10% are given for immunization. (Immunization essentials, a practical field guide. 2003) Among other things, injection safety assessment includes; Competence of the staff on injection practice, the availability of injection equipment, logistics and supplies, Injection wast...

Geospatial Analysis On Access To Maternal Health Care In Jasikan District

ABSTRACT Provision of maternal health care to pregnant women is to ensure the safety and good health of the mother and baby, but one of the challenges impeding maternal health care is accessible to the service. Access to Maternal health care is affected by where health professionals are located (supply) and where the target population resides (demand). Distance remains one of the key determinants in accessing maternal health care in rural areas due to the sparse location of settlement c...


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