Research Papers/Topics in Medical Diagnostic Ultrasound

Estimation of Fetal Weight in Pregnant Women by Placenta Thickness Using Ultrasonography

Abstract The purpose of this descriptive study is to investigate the relationship between the placenta thickness and estimated fetal weight in normal sudanese pregnant women. The data collected in ATMUZE and ASODY hospitals in Khartoum state from January to July 2017. The study included seventy pregnant women in second and third trimesters were scanned by ultrasound machine. Fetal weight was estimated by measurement of femur length (FL) and abdominal circumference (AC). Placenta thickness wa...

Evaluation of Normative Tonsils Size in Sudanese Children by Using Ultrasound

ABSTRACT  Defining the normal value of the palatine tonsil size among the young Sudanese population is essential for a reliable evaluation of children with enlargement or signs and symptoms of tonsil disease. An ultrasound measurement was therefore undertaken to determine the normal range of the tonsil diameter among Sudanese children. The purpose of this study was to investigate a large ultrasound imaging study to evaluate the normal size of the tonsil during development of children using h...

Assessment of Amniotic Fluid Volume in Diabetic Pregnant Women during the second and third trimesters using ultrasound

Abstract  The objective of this study is to assess the amniotic fluid volume in diabetic pregnant women during the second and third trimesters and to identify the effect of diabetes mellitus on amniotic fluid volume . Fifty diabetic pregnant women in the second and third trimesters which undergoing ultrasound exam in the department at Elskaikh Fadul and Elsoudy hospital at Ommdurman. All diabetic pregnant women were in the second and third trimesters, and were scanned by (3.5 MH) convex prob...

Study of Developmental Hip Dysplasia in Saudi Infants Using Ultrasonography

ABSTRACT The objectives of this study were to characterize the DDH in Saudi infants using US, also to evaluate the hip joint for infants who were clinically diagnosed to have Developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) focusing mostly on the Graf’s method using ultrasonography, by measuring the α and β angles and correlate the results with the anatomical findings related the hip. The study was conducted during the period extended from 2011 up to 2017. The hips of 536 newborn infants were examined ...

The Association of Placenta Previa with Cesarean Delivery using Ultrasound

ABSTRACT  This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in Turkish hospital, Khartoum city. The duration of study was 5 months from first January 2016 to May 2016. The main aim was to identify the association of placenta previa with number of previous cesarean section done in pregnant women. In antenatal clinic as per protocol 50 pregnant women were scanned in their second and third trimester for fetal wellbeing and placental localization after taking a detailed obstetrical history a...

Characterization of the Heart in Hypertensive Patients using Ultrasound

ABSTRACT This research is conducted so as to know the importance of ultrasonography (Echocardiography) in the control, follow-up & the diagnosis of the different types of cardiac complications of hypertension (the impact of HTN on the heart muscles, valves and blood supply). The data was collected from Ribat teaching hospital, using an echocardiographic machine. This includes the left atrium, the left ventricular diameter in both systolic and diastolic phases as well as the valvular diameters...

Determination Of Aflatoxin Levels In Stored White Maize (Zea Mays L.) And Flour In Kitui, Mwingi And Makueni Districts In Kenya

ABSTRACT Aflatoxins are fungal metabolites which are toxic, mutagenic and carcinogenic and thus cause undesirable effects on animal and human health when ingested with feed or foodstuffs. Aflatoxin producing fungi may occur in certain food products in form of spores, and thus when conditions are favourable, the fungi germinate and may produce aflatoxin in varied amounts. Ingestion of higher dose of aflatoxin (Codex Commission upper limit is 10ppb), may result in aflatoxicosis which manifests ...

Characterization Of Escherichia Coli Strains And Salmonella Enterica Serovars Isolated In Gallus Gallus And Their Antimicrobial Susceptibility

ABSTRACT Indigenous chicken production in most African countries including Kenya is traditionally based on free feed resources available in the surrounding environment. There is a high risk of zoonosis that could be an important source of enteric pathogens transmissible to humans. The apparently healthy chicken, like other food animals shed enteric pathogens, notably Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli that are associated with antimicrobial resistance. The purpose of this study was to charac...

Estimation Of Splenic Volume In Sudanese Adults Using Ultrasonography

Abstract The spleen is the largest haemolymph nodes in the body and large part of the reticuloendothelial tissue of the body is concentrated in it. This is an experimental study designed to determine the application of ultrasound for estimation of splenic weight, length and height of Sudanese adult patients. Fifty adult patients were enrolled in the study; healthy volunteer persons who referred to ultrasound department for abdomen ultrasound were included. Any person with abnormal splenic me...

Study Of Common Carotid Arteries In Diabetic Patients By Using Ultrasound

Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of Ultrasound in detecting the impact of diabetes mulletus on carotid arteries. This study was done among 60 Sudanese patients. The data were collected during the period April 2012 to April 2013 in clinic of College radiological science and other clinics in Khartoum hospitals, all patients were affected with D.M. Divided into two groups: Group (1) 50 patients, the study depends on practical scanning of carotid arteries of all patient...

Study Of Fatty Liver In Sudanese Using Ultrasonography

ABSTRACT The fatty liver is one of diseases that can be discovered when performing routine abdominal ultrasound and noted that its prevalence increased. Although of its wide prevalence and serious prognosis, there was no previous study determined the prevalence of fatty liver in Sudanese. The main objective of this study was to know the prevalence of fatty liver disease in adult Sudanese using ultrasonography; linking it by obesity. One hundred and fourteen patients aging between 18 to74 yea...

Assessment Of Endometrial Thickness In Postmenopausal Women Using Ultrasonography

Abstract Background: Endometrial abnormalities pose diagnostic challenges for radiologists and gynecologists. The endometrial appearance is influenced by several factors, such as age, menstrual status, pregnancy and hormonal therapy. Amongst these, menstrual status is potentially the most influential factor affecting endometrial thickness. Methodology: This is a prospective, descriptive case study, conducted to assess the endometrium thickness in postmenopausal Sudanese women. The study was...

Measurement Of Thyroid Volume For Normal Adult Sudanese Using Ultrasonography

Abstract This study to measure the thyroid volume in normal adult Sudanese male and female in Khartoum in altamuze hospital .All the subjects were scaned for thyroid by measured thyroid volume on the affected subjects were evaluated by using (Alpinion-Ecube 7) ultrasound machine by 7.5 MHZ linear transducer from July to September 2016 . The study involved 53 subjects 31 of which female whereas 22were male aged (20-30) years .the data analysed using excel Microsoft office programme and SPSS ....

Evaluation Of Renal Changes In Diabetic Patients Using Ultrasonography

Abstract Kidneys may be exposed to many pathological conditions due to Diabetes mellitus which is a common multi-systemic disease with serious effects on the urinary system and was considered the main causes of chronic renal failure in worldwide . This disease may lead to some renal changes in morphology and function, The aim of this study was to evaluate the renal changes in diabetic patient using ultrasound scan . This cross-sectional –case control study was done in Khartoum and north ku...

Sonographic Measurement Of Gallbladder Wall Thickness Among Symptomatic Adults In Atbara City

Abstract This was a descriptive cross sectional study carried out during the period from September 2018 to march 2019 . This study was conducted in Atbara state in the ultrasound department of Atbara hospital . The study aimed to characterize the gallbladder measurement in symptomatic patients 50 patients with clinical suspected of gallbladder disease/ hepatitis cirrhosis and renal failure (26 male- 24 female ) were enrolled in the study . The study showed that the male are common affected t...


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