Research Papers/Topics in Medical Radiography And Radiological Sciences

Biometry of the Corpus Callosum in an Adult Nigerian Population Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging

ABSTRACT This was a prospective cross-sectional survey study conducted in the Radio diagnostic Department of National Hospital Abuja from June 2013 to January 2014 on 210 cases (111 males and 99 females). The specific objectives were to determine the: (i) biometric values of corpus callosum in an adult Nigerian population, (ii) differences in corpus callosal biometry among different sexes and (iii) relationship between age, body mass index and corpus callosal biometry.The following findings w...

Determination of Normal Splenic Dimensions on Computed tomography Images in Sudanese Population

Spleen is enlarged in a variety of clinical conditions including infectious, infiltrative, immunologic and malignant states. Evaluation of splenic size is important in every physical examination of the abdomen by a physician.Determination of its size by palpation can be extremely inaccurate because spleen is never palpable till it is enlarged 2 to 3 times its own size. The accurate diagnosis of splenic enlargement is a matter of considerable importance as it is a useful guide for arrivin...

Availability Of Radiation Protection And Monitoring Devices In Kaduna Metropolis On Three Selected Hospitals (Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital Kaduna, Yusuf Dantsoho Memorial Hospital, Kaduna An

ABSTRACT Radiation  Protection (RP) is a tool for the management of measures to protect health against the risks (for people and environment) generated by the use of ionizing radiation. The aim of this study is “To Determine the  Availability Of Radiation Protection And Monitoring Devices In Kaduna Metropolis On Three Selected Hospitals (Barau Dikko Teaching Hospital Kaduna, Yusuf Dantsoho Memorial Hospital, Kaduna And Hajiya Gambo Sawaba Hospital, Zaria. The research design is prospect...

ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND AWARENESS OF RADIOTHERAPHY AMONG CLINICAL RADIOGRAPHY STUDENTS IN NORTHERN NMIGERIA

ABSTRACT TITLE: Assessment of knowledge and awareness of Radiotherapy among clinical Radiography Students AIM: To ascertain the level of knowledge and awareness of radiotherapy among clinical Radiography students in northern Nigeria  METHODOLOGY: A prospective cross-sectional design was adopted for the study. A primary source of data using questionnaire was used in obtaining the data and data was analyzed using SPSS V.20 generating statistical information such as frequencies and percentages....

ASSESSMENT OF SAFETY MEASURES IN THE DESIGN AND BUILDING OF X-RAY (MEDICAL IMAGING) CENTRES IN PORT HARCOURT

ABSTRACT Imaging facilities within the Port Harcourt metropolis are ever on the increase, imaging practitioners are constantly trained and deployed into the work force. An issue constantly facing the imaging and radiology practice is the issue of work safety. Against this background, this study specifically aims at assessing safety measures employed in the design and construction of imaging centres in the Port Harcourt metropolis. A case study design was employed to investigate into 3 imagin...

A Study Case on Irrational Use of Medicines in Health Facilities in Kisii

Chapter One 1.1 Background Information to Study Topic 1.2 Problem Statement 1.3 Study Justification 1.4 Study Objectives 1.5 Research Questions Chapter Two: Literature Review 2.1 Causes irrational use of antibiotic drugs 2.2 Impact of rational of antibiotics 2.3 Measures to improve rational use of antibiotics Chapter Three 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Study Area 3.3 Background to Study Area 3.4 Study Population 3.5 Study Design 3.6 Sampling Procedure 3.7 Sample size determination  3.8 Sample size ...

LOCAL CONSTRUCTION OF BATTERY POWERED DUAL FACE RADIOGRAPHIC VIEWING BOX WITH ROTATABLE NECK AND ADJUSTABLE STAND

INTRODUCTIONRadiographic viewing box is an illuminator use in viewing radiographs. Proper viewing conditions are very important when interpreting a radiograph. The viewing condition can enhance or degrade the subtle detail of the radiograph14. Before beginning the evaluation of radiograph, the viewing equipment and area should be considered. The area should be clean and free of distracting materials, magnifying aids, and film makers should be close at hand. Its function being to improves subj...

Women’s Perception of Transvaginal Sonography: A Study at Image Diagnostics, Portharcourt

ABSTRACTTransvaginal sonography is a later addition to the diagnostic techniques available for the evaluation of the female pelvis and can overcome many of the limitations of traditional transabdominal scanning. Transvaginal sonography involves the placement of the probe within the vagina. This is uncomfortable for most women especially in this part of the world where ethical issues are now a challenge. This may reduce the practicability of transvaginal sonography. There is also reluctance in...

RADIOGRAPHY STUDENTS’ EXPERIENCE OF STRESSORS IN THE COURSE OF THEIR CLINICAL POSTING

ABSTRACT A prospective cross sectional survey conducted on the undergraduate clinical students of Radiography Department, UNEC to find out what constitutes stressors for the undergraduate clinical students of Radiography Department, UNEC in the course of their clinical posting. The study sample consisted of one hundred and fifty six Radiography clinical students in third, fourth or fifth year of study. Primary source of data using a semi structured questionnaire was utilized. The questionnai...

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE SENSITIVITY OF CT AND MRI IN STROKE PATIENTS

ABSTRACT Controversy exists about the optimal imaging modality in patients with stroke. This work was carried out to optimally compare CT and MRI images in patients with stroke. ( A case study of  National Hospital, Abuja). A retrospective study of 54 stroke patients who underwent both CT scans and MRI scans at National Hospital, Abuja between January 2010 to March 2013 was conducted. Tables and T-test for hypothesis was used to analyse the data. CT is significantly more sensitive than MRI ...

THE PATTERNS OF CHEST X-RAY REFERRALS, FINDINGS AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE REFERRING UNITS IN THE UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL, ITUKU-OZALLA, ENUGU

ABSTRACT Background:  Chest x-ray remains a major tool for diagnosis and management of many diseases ravaging mankind. Aim:  To assess the chest-x-ray referral patterns and findings in the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu. Patient and Method:  A retrospective study of 377 patients who underwent chest x-ray examination at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla. Result: Chest x-ray (6,592) constituted above half of the total referrals(11,306) to...

RELATIONSHIP OF THE BODY MASS INDEX (BMI) WITH THE LUMBAR RADIOLOGICAL FINDINGS IN THE INCIDENCES OF LOW BACK PAIN

ABSTRACT:  Comparable relationship between BMI, lumbar radiological findings/diagnosis, and features of patients that presents with low back pain has been a research of interest in the diagnosis of low back pain. Aim: To investigate the association between body weights, body mass index, age, features and clinical findings in patients with low back pain. Patients and Method: A prospective study of 84 patients who presented for radiographic examination of the lumbar spine due to low back pain,...

PREVALENCE OF LOW BACK PAIN AMONG PRACTICING RADIOGRAPHERS IN ENUGU AND EBONYI STATES (A CASE STUDY OF UNTH, NOHE, ESUTH AND FETHA)

ABSTRACT   This study on the prevalence of low back pain among practicing radiographers in government hospitals, was done in Enugu and Ebonyi States. The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence low back pain among the practicing radiographers, the risk factors that could be causal to low back pain among the radiographers and to compare low back pain among radiographers in Enugu and Ebonyi states. Some research has been done to investigate this prevalence among radiographers ...

ASSESMENT OF ETHICAL PRACTICE AMONG RADIOGRAPHERS PRACTICING IN UNTH ENUGU, NAUTH NNEWI AND FMC OWERRI

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to assess ethical practice among radiographers practicing in UNTH Enugu, NAUTH Nnewi and FMC Owerri. The study was carried out using a non-experimental prospective design, using a sample size of 40 radiographers from the three hospitals. The data collection instrument was a questionnaire containing 23 items. The results show that more than half of the respondents, represented by 56.4% attach a strong importance to ethical conduct, most explain the examinati...


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