Research Papers/Topics in Medicine and Surgery

Factors Contributing to Under Utilization of Modern Contraceptive Methods Among Women of Reproductive Age (15- 49 Years) Attending Antenatal Clinic at Ishaka Adventist Hospital, Bushenyi Dist

ABSTRACT Globally and locally in Uganda family planning is promoted to enable individuals and couples to space and limit birth. Family planning promotion is based on demographics and health concerns and basic human rights. Clients can use either Artificial or Natural Family planning methods but none is 100% effective. This study was done to assess the factors contributing to underutilization of modern contraceptive methods among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) attending antenatal clin...

Prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes in Patients Admitted On the Medical Ward of Kampala International University Teaching Hospital.

Abstract Back ground Globally as of 2010, 285 million people were estimated to have diabetes, with type 2 diabetes making up 90% of all the cases (Shaw et al., 2009).There isan increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes in many African countriesdue to the changing lifestyles, feeding patterns and levels of physical activity among others (Diabetes studies, 2009).About 682 Ugandans die of diabetes related causes every month and 8200 die every year, out of which 5000 deaths are of women and childr...

Prevalence & Determinants of Diarrheal Diseases Among Children Under Five Years Attending Kiryandongo General Hospital.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Globally diarrhea kills 2,195 children every day—more than AIDS, malaria, and measles combined. That is like losing nearly 32 school buses full of children each day! 1 in 9 child deaths are due to diarrhea, making 801, 000 child deaths from diarrhea every year. This makes diarrhea the second leading cause of death among the under-fives. Despite this positive trend seen globally resulting from socio-economic development and implementation of child survival interventio...

To Establish the Causes of Under-Five Mortality at Kampala International Universtiy Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To establish the causes of inpatient child mortality at Kampala International University Teaching Hospital. METHODOLOGY A retrospective data search was done in patient records of pediatrics between January 1st and June 30th, 2013. The data was processed and analyzed by use of SPSS®. RESULTS There were a total of 142 patients. The most commonly diagnosed disease was malaria (33.1%) followed by surgical conditions (31.7%). 29 (20.4%) patients died. The commonest cause of de...

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Hepatitis B Among Pregnant Women Attending Anc at Kiryandongo General Hospital.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Hepatitis B infection is still a global healthcare problem, especially in developing countries. The common routes of transmission of the virus are body fluids such as blood, semen, and vaginal secretions plus vertical transmission from a pregnant woman to her child (Pyrsopoulos, 2017). Hepatitis B (HB) is a serious viral infection affecting the liver and is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is infectious and the most common cause of chronic hepatitis, liver cir...

Complications of Prostatectomy in Patients Admitted to Kampala International University Teaching Hospital Between January-June 2013

CHAPTER ONE 1.1 INTRODUCTION Prostatectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the prostate gland. Enlargement of the prostate, commonly through benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), but sometimes through abnormalities such as tumors, or from other causes, can restrict the normal flow of urine along the urethra, causing discomfort and difficulty voiding (Wikipedia June 2008). The indications for prostatectomy include symptoms or findings secondary to prostatic obstruction viz: acute urin...

Determinants of Preeclampsia Among Pregnant Women at Gestational Age of Above 20 Weeks Attending Antenatal Care at FPRRH

ABSTRACT Introduction: Despite several interventions put in place in many countries of the world, preeclampsia still contributes greatly to maternal morbidity and mortality. Several factors have been cited to increase the risk of preeclampsia among which are obesity, the extreme age, Nulliparity, change in pregnancy paternity, and obesity among others. Lack of knowledge or awareness concerning preeclampsia has also been cited as contributing adversely in terms of the overall outcome. A study ...

Knowledge and Attitudes On Health- Care Waste Management Among Nursing Professionals at Lira Regional Referral Hospital Northern Uganda

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The knowledge and attitude of nurses on effective and efficient methods of health care waste management is extremely important if serious health hazards to health care service providers and people living in the vicinity of these health units are to be avoided. The main objective of this study was to describe the level of knowledge and attitude of nurses in Lira Regional Referral Hospital regarding health care waste management. METHODOLOGY: The study design was qualitative...

Obstetrics Service Utilization By Women Of Reproductive Age In Tororo Main Hospital Tororo District

Obstetric care is a comprehensive program that involves coordinated approach to medical care and physiological support throughout the ante-partum, intra-partum and post-partum period. Its also defined as a dichotomous variable having once or more visits with a trained person during pregnancy and post partum period (Brown LD Catal 2010). The study was conducted in Tororo municipality, Tororo district Eastern Uganda about 300km from Kampala. The study assessed Obstetric service utilization...

Factors Responsible For The Ineffective Treatment Of Tuberculosis In Sheema District

ABSTRACTBackground: Tuberculosis is a chronic communicable disease caused by acid fast bacilliMycobacterium tuberculosis. The impact of tuberculosis in the developing world has beenmagnified in past 20 years by the emergence of HIV pandemic. The treatment of tuberculosis isbased on anti – tuberculosis drug combination therapy because the mycobacterium can easilybecome resistant to one drug.Objective: To determine factors responsible for the ineffective treatment of tuberculosis inSheem...

An Assessment Of Experiences Of Medical Interns At Kampala International University- Teaching Hospital.

BACKGROUND: Internship is an important program in the medical field, were new graduate doctors are mentored into the clinical fraternity. This study was intended to explore the good and challenging experiences interns face in Kampala International University- Teaching Hospital. This was in view of internship having been going on for the past couple of years and yet no research has been done to asses it Uganda. METHODOLOGY: This study was conducted through a cross sectional survey, data w...

Prevalence Of Malaria Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care At Mukono Health Centre Four

ABSTRACTMalaria is a major public health challenge especially in the African region. It does not only affect maternal-child health but also hinders economic development where by a lot of money is wasted in combarting its prevalence hence this study will possibly be helpful to policy makers in different faculties of health as far as decision making is concerned.The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of Malaria among pregnant women attending antenatal care at Mukono Health ...

Prevalence And Risk Factors Associated With Malaria Among Pregnant Women Presenting At Saint Kizito Hospital Matany

ABSTRACTINTRODUCTION: Malaria in pregnancy (MiP) is a major public health problem in endemicareas of sub-Saharan Africa and has important consequences on birth outcome. Because MiP isa complex phenomenon and malaria epidemiology is rapidly changing, additional evidence isstill required to understand how best to control malaria.OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to find out the prevalence and risk factors associatedwith malaria amongst pregnant women who presented from July 2013 to July ...

Factors Associated With Low Male Involvement In Maternal Child Health Service Utilization In Iganga Municipal Council

ABSTRACTMale involvement is necessary for the increase in the utilization of maternal child health servicesby the mothers and the pregnant women. The aim of the study was to establish the factorsassociated with low male involvement in maternal and child health services in Igangamunicipality. It also was aimed aimed at establishing whether economic, socio-cultural factors,lack of knowledge and the level of male involvement in Iganga municipality are responsible forlow male involvement in ...

A Study To Assess The Atittude Of Healthcare Workers To Infection Prevention And Control In Kampala International University Teaching Hospital, Uganda

ABSTRACTIntroductionWith high prevalence of infectious diseases such as; HIV, HBV, HCV among others; especially insub-Saharan Africa, health workers find themselves at the brunt of acquiring these diseaseswhile they are working. In order to ensure safety within the auspice of their work, infectionprevention and control policies implementation as regards to accidental exposure to bloodborneviruses are therefore vital. Prevention of blood exposure, through safer practices, barrierprecautio...


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