Research Papers/Topics in Pediatric Nursing

The Effect Of Caregivers Level Of Knowledge On Blood Glucose Control In Children With Type One Diabetes Mellitus In Zanzibar

ABSTRACT Background: The caregivers’ level of knowledge on T1DM plays a major role in the management of affected children. However, limited studies have evaluated the knowledge of caregivers on type one diabetes mellitus. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of caregivers’ level of knowledge on blood glucose control in children with type one diabetes mellitus in Zanzibar. Methods: A cross- sectional study was carried out at the diabetic clinics hospitals in Zanzibar....

Effectiveness Of Empirical Diagnosis Approach For Urinary Tract Infection Using Etiological And Antimicrobial Tests Among Under-Five Children In Pemba A Cross-Section Analytical Study

ABSTRACT Background: Urinary Tract Infection is a common disease among Under-five Children in Pemba. Early detection and efficient management is important to minimize the possibility of morbidity and unnecessary complications. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the Effectiveness of Empirical Diagnosis Approach for Urinary Tract Infection using Etiological and Antimicrobial Tests among Under-five Children in Pemba. Methods: A cross-sectional hospital-based design w...

Prevalence And Factors Associated With Renal Dysfunction Among Children With Sickle Cell Disease Attending The Sickle Cell Disease Clinic At A Tertiary Hospital In Northwestern Tanzania

Abstract Background Little is known on how the interaction between Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) and renal insults caused by other coexisting conditions in Sub Saharan Africa such as urinary schistosomiasis, malnutrition and HIV affect the prevalence of renal dysfunction in children with SCD. Objectives To determine the prevalence and factors associated with renal dysfunction among children with SCD aged 6 months to 12 years attended at a tertiary hospital in Northwestern Tanzania. Methods...

Caregivers’ Level Of Knowledge And Homebased Practices For Prevention Of Sickle Cell Disease Related Complications Among Children Attending Mnazi Mmoja Hospital In Zanzibar A Cross Sectional

ABSTRACT Background: Children with sickle cell disease are prone to a multitude of disease related complications, improving caregivers‟ knowledge on common precipitate factors of sickle related complication and encouraging home based preventive intervention can change the overall wellbeing of these children. This study aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge and based practice of caregivers and its relation to SCD control. . Methods: Quantitative hospital based cross-sectional analy...

Caregivers’ Competence On Prevention Of Sickle Cell Complications Among Children Attending Clinics In Dodoma Region: A Cross-Sectional Study

ABSTRACT Background: Sickle cell disease is a blood disorder which has become very common today. Tanzania is fourth in the world with the highest Sickle cell disease birth rates (Piel et al., 2013). Between 7800 and 11,000 children with Sickle cell disease are born in Tanzania every year (Makani et al., 2018). Despite all the efforts, there is an increasing number of hospital admissions of children with sickle cell disease complications, and it is not known if caregivers have competence...

Population - Based Impact Of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine, On The Prevention Of Pneumonia Among Children Aged 2 – 5 Years In Zanzibar: A Case-Control Study

ABSTRACTBackground: This study, was intended to assess the population based impact of PCV, on the prevention of pneumonia among children aged 2 – 5 years in Zanzibar.Methods: A matched case control study of 560 random selected children was conducted in three regions with seven districts in Zanzibar from April to end of June 2018, controls were matched to the cases based on age and sex of the children with ratio 1:3 making a sample of 140 cases and 420 controls. Purposively sampling techniqu...

Efficacy Of Premarital Genotype Screening And Counselling On Knowledge And Attitude Toward Sickle Cell Disease Among University Students In Dodoma Tanzania: Uncontrolled Quasiexperimental Stu

ABSTRACT Background: Tanzania is experiencing the increase burden of Sickle cell disease, with an estimate of 20.6% prevalence Sickle Cell carriers. However, there is no preventive measure has been put in this area by the government; a great focus has been directed in the diagnosis and management and national guideline emphasis on the care of people affected by Sickle Cell Disease. Objective: This study intended to determine the efficacy of premarital genotype screening and counselling...

Dietary Diversity, Feeding Behavior, Water, Sanitation And Hygiene, As Determinants Of Nutrition Status Among Children Aged 6-23 Months In Bahi District Dodoma Tanzania

ABSTRACT Background information: Nutritional status to children aged six to twenty three months had become an alarming concern in the field of health. This is because it has a direct influence on the child’s growth and survival. This study was conducted with the aim of assessing dietary diversity, feeding behaviour, water, sanitation, hygiene and its impact on children’s development. Objective of the study: The study had the following objectives: dietary diversity, feeding behavio...

Impact Of Pneumococcal Conjugated Vaccine On Prevention Of Pneumonia Among Children From 6 Months To 5 Years In Zanzibar: Population Based Cross Section Study

ABSTACTBackground: Pneumonia is responsible for killing at least 1 million children under age of 5, every year: Over 70% of these deaths occur in developing countries. This study intended to determine the impact of pneumococcal conjugated vaccine, on the prevention of pneumonia among children from 6 months to 5 years in Zanzibar.Methods: Study design was a cross-sectional, which employed a quantitative research approach. The study utilized multiple sampling techniques with purposive sampling ...

Maternal And Neonatal Predictors Of Extrauterine Growth Restriction Among Premature Babies In Selected Hospitals In Tanzania: A Cross Sectional Study

ABSTRACT Background: Extrauterine growth restriction affects a large proportion of the population of infants born prematurely and contributes to under-5 mortality as well as both short and long term adverse medical, neurological and functional outcomes of the premature babies. The prevalence of EUGR and knowledge regarding predictors of EUGR in Tanzania are lacking. In this study the aim was to establish the prevalence of EUGR and associated predictors among premature babies in selecte...

Predictors Of Alcohol Use Disorders And Their Association With Family Functioning Among Adults Residing In Dodoma Municipality, Tanzania

ABSTRACTBackground: Globally, alcohol use disorders (AUDs) cause 3.3 million deaths each yearglobally. They also add to the burden of diseases, violence, accidents and familydysfunction. This study aims to look at prevalence and predictors of AUDs and theirassociation with family functioning among adults residing in Dodoma municipality.Methods: Cross-section study design was used with a sample size of 690 participants.Data collected using three assessment tools: social-demographic characteris...

The Influence Of Hiv Status Disclosure On Depressive Symptoms And Quality Of Life Among Hiv Infected Children Of 10 To 15 Years Receiving Hiv Care Services At Central Zone Regions Of Tanzania

ABSTRACT Background: World Health Organization recommends HIV status disclosure to be done to children of age 6-12 years. HIV status disclosure among children is important for improving their self-care behaviours, psychological well-being, and quality of life. However some previous studies revealed that children who received HIV disclosure ended up with depressive symptoms. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of HIV status disclosure on depressive symptoms and quality of life am...