Research Papers/Topics in Physiology

Effect of Wooddust on Lung Function and Anthropometric Parameters of Carpenters and Non-Carpenters

ABSTRACT It is generally known that some types of dust impairs lung function. This study was designed with the aim to access if occupational exposure to wood dust from sawing and plaining of wood can impair the lung function of carpenters in Akim and Akai Efa timber market, Calabar. 40 subjects each for both test and controls were used for this study. The test group consisted of carpenters while the other 40 subjects used consist of 40 blue collar workers who had no obvious adverse occupation...

EFFECTS OF ACUTE RESTRAINT STRESS ON OXIDATIVE STRESS PARAMETERS IN ADULT MALE WISTAR RATS

The purpose of this study was to observe the least amount of acute restraint stress that was needed to produce significant changes in the oxidative stress parameters.Stress may be defined as a complex dynamic condition in which the homeostasis of an organism is disturbed or threatened. Several studies have reported on the effects of stress on the body and on the heightened susceptibility of the brain amongst other organs to the effects of stress. In this study we aim at checking how, and to w...

Electrolyte Physiology of Selected Serum Electrolytes and Nitric Oxide in Preeclamptics at The Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACT Brief Background:  Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder in pregnancy affecting 5-14% of all pregnancies worldwide. Preeclampsia is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases later in life of both the mother and the baby. It is common but its aetiology remains unknown. It is the most common, yet least understood disorder of pregnancy. Despite a steady reduction in maternal mortality from this disorder in more developed countries, the aetiology still remains uncle...

The Biochemical Effects if Cussonia Arborea Root Bark Extract in Alloxan -Induced Diabetic Rats

ABSTRACT Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by chronic hyperglycemic condition resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. It is a growing public health concern worldwide affecting humans and animals. Synthetic drugs available for the treatment of the ailment have serious side effects, complicated mode of intake and are costly. Literature search revealed that Cussonia arborea is used folklorically in the management of Diabetes mellitus....

EFFECTS OF BAKERS YEAST INDUCED PYREXIA ON THE FUNCTION OF THE CEREBRAL CORTEX IN YOUNG WISTAR RATS

TABLE OF CONTENTS  Title page …………………………………………………………………………… Declaration …………………………………………………………………………. Dedication…………………………………………………………………………… Acknowledgement………………………………………………………………. CHAPTER ONE 1.0    Introduction……………………………………………………...

EFFECT OF COMBINE AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF EBOLO (Ocimum gratissimum) AND EFFINRIN (Crassocephalum crepidiodes) ON KIDNEY HISTOLOGY

Ocimum gratissimum and crassocephalum crepidiodes are used commonly in traditional medicine to treat certain diseases. This study accessed the histological effects of aqueous extract of Ocimum gratissimum and crassocephalum crepidiodes leaves on the kidney of adult Wistar rats. Ten adult Wistar rats were assigned into two groups (A and B) of 5rats each.. Group A serve as the control and was fed with rats feed and saline solution, Group B serve as the experimental group and was fed with...

EFFECT OF Solanum macrocarpon AND ANTI-DIABETIC DRUG GLIBENCLIMIDE ON SOME BLOOD PARAMETERS OF ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS

Diabetes mellitus commonly known as diabetes is a group of metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar level over a prolonged period (WHO,2014) This  research is aimed at investigating effect of solanum macrocapon and Anti-diabetic drug glibenclamide on some blood parameters of alloxan induced diabetic rats. The effects of four eggplant varieties on haematological indices and weight of organs in albino rats were evaluated. A total of 30 albino rats were randomly distributed in...

THE USE OF PEDOMETER TO MONITOR THE LEVEL OF ACTIVITY AMONG MALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS OF OLABISI ONABANJO UNIVERSITY

Pedometers are increasingly being used as a surveillance tool to objectively assess ambulatory (walking) activity levels and patterns in different populations. This research therefore aims to monitor the level of activity using a pedometer among the male undergraduate students of Olabisi Onabanjo University, Sagamu, South west, Nigeria. Pedometer was used to evaluate the amount of physical activities of the subjects. Pedometers were connected to participants. The age of the subjects was re...

EFFECT OF D-RIBOSE- L-CYSTEINE ON REDOX BALANCE AND INFLAMMATION IN PARADOXICAL SLEEP-DEPRIVED PREGNANT RATS

TABLE OF CONTENTS TITLE PAGE CERTIFICATION DEDICATION ACKNOWLEDGEMENT TABLE OF CONTENT LIST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURES ABSTRACT CHAPTER ONE   INTRODUCTION​​​​​​​​​​1 1.1 AIM OF THESTUDY​​​​​​​​​2 1.2 OBJECTIVES OF THESTUDY​​​​​​​​2 1.3 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS​​​​​​​​3 CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 STRESS​​​​​​​​​​​4 ​2.1.1 TYPES OF STRESSORS​​​​​​​5 2.1.2 EFFECTS OF OXIDAT...

Effect and habit of sleep deprivation among medical student

In a world where streets level are raising exposure to natural sunlight is diminishing, and technology is leading to constant demand of everybody’s attention, it’s no surprise that so many people struggle is get enough sleep. What does it mean to be sleep deprived? What are some of the negative effects of sleep deprivation? 

Hypoglycemic and Antioxidant Potentials of Aqueous Extract of Eucalyptus Globulus in Experimentally-Induced Diabetic Rats

Abstract Background: Evaluation of the medicinal uses of plants remains a growing field of research. This study investigated the effects of Eucalyptus globules on alloxan -induced diabetic rats. Materials and Methods: Thirty male albino rats were randomized into 5 groups (n=6).Group A served as the control and was maintained on standard rat chow and water ad’libitum. Diabetes was induced in Group C, D and E animals by intraperitoneal administration of alloxan monohydrate (150 mg/kg).Groups ...

Effects of vernonia amygdalina on neurobehavioral activities of albino rats

         TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface Certification Dedication Acknowledgements Table of contents List of tables List of figures Abstract CHAPTER ONE 1.       Introduction 1.1     cannabis sativa 1.2     cannabis and cannabinoids 1.3     Vernonia amygdalina CHAPTER TWO 2        Literature Review 2.1     Effects of aqueous extract of Vernonia amygdalina and cannabis sativa on neurobehavioral activities. 2.2     Decreasing or disabling neuronal functions....

Anti-Diabetic and Antioxidant Potentials of Aqueous Extract of Eucalyptus Globulus in Experimentally-Induced Diabetic Rats

Anti-diabetic and Anti-oxidant potentials of Aqueous Extract of Eucalyptus Globulus in experimentally induced diabetic rats.

Effect of 0.2mg/kg of diesel on th liver function of male wistar rats

ABSTACT  The effect of 0.25mg/kg weight of diesel on the liver function of male wistar rats was investigated. Ten male wistar rats were used and were grouped into two; experimental and control. The experimental group was fed with rat chawl and a mixture of diesel with water ad-libitum while the control was fed with rat chawl and tap water for about five weeks. Data collected was analyzed using student’s t-Test and a p-value of < 0.05 was accepted as significant. The result shows diesel ef...

INFLUENCE OF GENDER AND SELF – ESTEEM ON DEPRESSION AMONG DIABETIC PATIENTS

ABSTRACT This study investigated influence of gender and self-esteem on depression among diabetic patients. One hundred and thirty (130) diabetic patients (77 with low self-esteem and 53 with high self-esteem) were used. Males and females were 65 each. Self-rating depression scale Zung (1965) and index of self-esteem Hudson (1982) were used. A 2x2 factorial design was adopted while two way ANOVA statistics was used for data analysis. Gender was found to significantly influence depression amon...