Research Papers/Topics in Physiology

The Challenges of Media Sponsorship on Sport Development in Nigeria.

ABSTRACT         The research study investigated the challenges of media sponsorship on sport development in Nigeria.         To this end, the method used was survey method while questionnaire where administered to the respondents of the study as the instrument of data gathering exercise, the has a great effect in the world of sports.         Sports performance and achie...

Neuroprotective Mechanisms Of Garlic (Allium Sativum) In Modulation Of Hippocampus Function In Model Of Type Ii Diabetic Wist Ar Ra Ts

ABSTRACTHippocampus functions have been reported to be affected by diabetes mellitus. Studies suggestthat within diabetic rats, garlic (A.sativum) improves different forms of memory that depend onthe hippocampus. However, the neuroprotective mechanisms of garlic (A.sativum) extractpossibly mediated by the Na+/K+ ATPase, Ca2+ATPase and glutamine synthetase (GS) in thehippocampus of type II diabetic Wistar rats has not been fully demonstrated. Therefore, the presentstudy determined the e...

Risk Factors For Postoperative Acute Kidney Injury (Aki) Following Laparotomy For Abdominal Emergencies At The Korle- Bu Teaching Hospital

ABSTRACT Background: Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with increased morbidity, cost, prolonged hospital stay, and greater than 50% mortality rate in abdominal surgery. Among abdominal procedures, open surgical technique has the highest risk of postoperative AKI as compared to the laparoscopic approach. Postoperative AKI is a common condition in laparotomy patients. In patients with emergency abdominal conditions, laparotomy offers the only chance for cure. Various...

Investigation Of Renal Function Among Hypertensive Patients In Umuahia, South East Nigeria

ABSTRACT The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is on the increase globally. Hypertension, a cause and consequence of CKD, is one of the leading risk factors that contribute to increased prevalence of CKD. Understanding the burden of CKD in hypertensive individuals will help promote preventive strategies and initiate measures to reduce the progression of CKD to end stage renal disease (ESRD). Estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is one of the reliable means of investiga...

Factors Affecting Energy Expenditure And The Efficiency Of Fuel Utilization: Feeding And Exercise Models

AbstractThe first aim of this dissertation was to monitor both rat andhuman responses to short-term perturbations in energy balancebrought about through food energy restriction and refeeding,exercise training and the cessation of exercise training orsurgical lipectomy. The second aim of this dissertation wasto identify factors which might explain differences in foodenergy intake in weight-matched, weight-stable "large andsmall eaters". The final aim of this dissertation was toidentify...

Effect Of Ethanolic Extract Of Ocimum Gratissimum Leaves On Placental And Birth Weight And Early Postnatal Growth Of The Offspring Of Diabetic Pregnant Rats

ABSTRACTExtract of Ocimumgratissimum (OG) is popularly used to treat diabetes mellitusand its hypoglycaemic activity has been confirmed by in vivo studies. There ispaucity of data on the effect of this extract on placenta development and birthoutcome in diabetic pregnancy. This study was therefore aimed at investigatingthis.42 pregnant rats weighing 150-200g were used. They were divided into controland extract treated diabetic and non-diabetic groups with 6 rats in each subgroup.Extr...

Effectiveness Of Pomegranate Punica Granatum L. Fruit Extract On The Sexual Function In Rats

ABSTRACTThe worldwide prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) in 1995 was estimated to be 152 million males, and the figure is expected to rise to 322 million by the year 2025. The inability to achieve or sustain an erection and/or an inability to ejaculate is common among men over 40 years, where about 5% will experience ED and rates increase with age. Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) has traditionally been believed to be of importance in male sexual disorder management. This investigation w...

Nithogen Metabolism In The Ostrich

ABSTRACTThe thriving of the ostrich in an otherwise veryharsh environment has been an intriguing question to manypeople. The objective of this study was to find out someof the physiological explanations to this question.Some aspects of nitrogen metabolism were studied inthe as trich : Major urinary nitrogen metabolites inostrich urine (uric acid nitrogen, urea nitrogen andammonia nitrogen) were partitioned. Plasma urea andurinary ammonia levels were also determined usingcommercial kits based ...

Effects Of Exercise Training On Walking Function And Selected Cardiovascular Parameters Of Adult Patients With Stroke

ABSTRACT Clinicians are becoming increasingly interested in the use of exercise training to enhance functional outcomes and improve physiological parameters after stroke. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of exercise training on walking function and selected cardiovascular parameters of adult patients with stroke. Sixty-seven (67) stroke subjects comprising 36 men and 31 women participated in the study. They were randomly assigned to two exercise groups (A and B)...


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