Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

Erratum: COVID-19 Home Remedies and Myths Becoming a Hazardous Health Infodemic?

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) brought on several social, economic, political, and environmental challenges. What was mostly questioned was the efficacy of the Disaster Management Act 57 of 2002 (As Amended 16 of 2015) (DMA), which was used to declare COVID-19 a disaster. The concern was whether the DMA is able to deal with pandemics when its focus is mostly on climate-related disasters. Most public health emergencies experience the spread of overwhelming information, some of which ...

Investigating the Prevention and Mitigatory Role of Risk Communication in the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of Bloemfontein, South Africa

The South African disaster response activities surpass risk reduction since the implementation of the Disaster Management Act 57 of 2002 (DMA) and the National Disaster Management Framework of 2005 (NDMF). Risk reduction, in particular risk communication, remained unexploited until the occurrence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The legislation and policy mandate a proactive approach for disaster management, requiring a focus on disaster risk reduction. Therefore, this st...

Women's Mental Health: The Impact of COVID-19 and the Need for Immediate Action to Address It

Part of the global pandemic response governments needs to invest in is mental health interventions that are comprehensive, innovative, available, and accessible. Emergency mental health and psychosocial support must be provided for women during the pandemic, as well as during the recovery phase post-pandemic.The research documented by Brian J. Honermann on past epidemics highlighted the consequences of infectious disease outbreaks on mental health. Even though the COVID-19 pandemic is a physi...

Effects of Covid-19 Pandemic on Mental Well-being of the People of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria

AbstractThe study assessed the effects of covid-19 pandemic on mental well-being of the people of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. The Purposes of the study are to identify if financial constraints, post-traumatic stress and anxiety will be effects of COVID-19 pandemic on mental well-being of the people of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. A descriptive research design of survey type was employed for this study. The population for this st...

Prevalence and Strategies to Reduce Malnutrition Among Children of 0-5 years in Ifedore LGA, Ondo State, Nigeria.

AbstractMalnutrition remains one of the major problems confronting children in Sub-Saharan Africa(SSA). The nutritional status of children influences their health status, which is a key determinant of child survival. Therefore, the improvement of children’s nutritional status increases the chances of child survival and is considered as a precondition for their contribution to the community as well as human development. The study was carried out to examine the prevalence and strategies to re...

Timeline of the Biggest Pandemics in History

IntroductionA pandemic (from Greek πᾶν, pan, "all" and δῆμος, demos, "local people" the 'crowd') is an epidemic of an infectious disease that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple continents or worldwide, affecting a substantial number of people. A widespread endemic disease with a stable number of infected people is not a pandemicA pandemic is the global outbreak of a disease. When an epide...

Factors influencing men’s involvement in antenatal care services: a cross-sectional study in a low resource setting, Central Tanzania

Abstract Background: Men’s involvement can impact the delays in the decision to seek health care and in reaching a health facility, which are contributing causes for increased maternal mortality. Despite of the call to involve men in antenatal care, their participation is not well understood. This study aimed to determine the level of men’s involvement in antenatal care and the factors influencing their involvement in these services. Methods: A cross sectional study of 966 randomly s...

Are Tanzanian health facilities ready to provide management of chronic respiratory diseases? An analysis of national survey for policy implications

Abstract Introduction Chronic respiratory diseases in Tanzania are prevalent and a silent burden to the affected population, and the healthcare system. We aimed to explore the availability of services and level of health facilities readiness to provide management of chronic respiratory diseases and its associated factors. Methods The current study is a secondary analysis of the 2014–2015 Tanzania Service Provision Assessment Survey data. Facilities were considered to have a high rea...

Knowledge Of AIDS And HIV Risk-Related Sexual Behavior Among Nigerian Naval Personnel

Abstract Background: The epidemic of HIV continues to grow in Nigeria. Personnel in the military are at increased risk of HIV infection. Although HIV-risk related sexual behavior of Nigerian police officers has been studied, little is known about the sexual behavior of their counterparts in the Navy. This study describes knowledge of AIDS, and HIV-risk sexual behavior of naval personnel in Lagos Nigeria.Methods: Four hundred and eighty personnel of the Nigerian Navy completed a 70-item ...

Apopo’s Tuberculosis Research Agenda: Achievements, Challenges And Prospects

Abstract:This article describes Anti-Persoonsmijnen Ontmijnende Product Ontwikkeling (APOPO) recent use of specially trained African giant pouched rats as detectors of pulmonary tuberculosis in people living in Tanzania. It summarizes the achievements and challenges encountered over the years and outlines future prospects. Since 2008, second-line screening by the rats has identified more than 2000 tuberculosis-positive patients who were missed by microscopy at Direct Observation of Treat...

Obesity And Elevated Blood Pressure Among Adolescents In Lagos, Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study

Abstract Background: Childhood obesity and associated hypertension are major public health concerns globally. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity and the associated risk of high blood pressure among Nigerian adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional school-based study of 885 apparently healthy adolescents was performed. Weight, height and blood pressure (BP) were measured using standard methods. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and categorized by age, sex and perce...

Mucinous Colorectal Carcinoma in a 17-Year-Old Male: A Diagnosis with Low Clinical Index of Suspicion

AbstractPediatric CRC has a poor prognosis compared with adult CRC mainly due to delayed diagnosis. *us, early diagnosis based on a high degree of suspicion could be the most important factor in a more favorable prognosis, especially in patients with predisposing factors. CRC is one of the major causes of cancer-related death globally [1, 2]. *e most common histological subtype of CRC is adenocarcinoma NOS, of which mucinous adenocarcinoma is a distinct subtype and is characterized by...

Monitoring Of Efficacy And Safety Of Artemisininbased Anti-Malarials For Treatment Of Uncomplicated Malaria: A Review Of Evidence Of Implementation Of Anti-Malarial Therapeutic Efficacy Trial

Abstract Background: Prompt diagnosis and effective treatment are considered the cornerstones of malaria control and artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is currently the main anti-malarial drugs used for case management. After deployment of ACT due to widespread parasite resistance to the cheap and widely used anti-malarial drugs, chloroquine and sulphadoxine/pyrimethamine, the World Health Organization recommends regular surveillance to monitor the efficacy of the new drugs. The...

SOCIAL AWARENESS ABOUT HYGIENIC FOOD FOR MOTHERS & THEIR CHILDREN

In many low-income developing regions, socioeconomic, climate and demographic, food hygienic factors have been linked to around half of the disease-related deaths that occur each year in the slum area. The purpose of the study is to be aware of hygienic food for mother and their children and find out the government awareness program in the Purba Bania Khamar slums area of the Khulna city of Bangladesh. A community-based survey was carried out in this study. Factors associated with malnutritio...


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