Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

The Mismatch of Students Anthropometric Data with Ergonomic Designs of Learning Workstation is a Risk Factor for Musculoskeletal Disorders

Abstract: This study examined the relationship between anthropometric data of Nigerian Students in Higher Academic Institutions, the ergonomic design of classroom furniture and the risk of Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs). A total of one hundred and seventy five (175) students, aged between 17-34 years, in thirty one (31) randomly selected classrooms participated in the research. Students' anthropometric data were collated by measuring various body dimensions such as sitting elbow height, sho...

The Mueller Report: Moving Beyond Sustainability Indicators to Sustainability Action

The assignment that we gave ourselves was: Cut the ecological impact of Mueller Building in half while creating healthier working conditions for all building occupants. The analysis on the following pages reveals that it is, indeed, possible to reduce significantly Mueller's aggregate impacts in many areas. The majority of environmental improvements that Mueller could make would actually save money! For example, by following the suggestions outlined in the energy portions of this study Muelle...

A new model for enabling innovation in appropriate technology for sustainable development

The task of providing for basic human necessities such as food, water, shelter, and employment is growing as the world’s population continues to expand amid climate destabilization. One of the greatest challenges to development and innovation is access to relevant knowledge for quick technological dissemination. However, with the rise and application of advanced information technologies there is a great opportunity for knowledge building, community interaction, innovation, and collaboration...

Maximizar la rentabilidad de la inversión para la salud pública con hardware médico de código abierto

La mayoría de los centros médicos y laboratorios de investigación tienen un acceso limitado a las mejores herramientas debido a los exorbitantes precios del equipo patentado1. Esto resulta en un obstáculo para la salud pública. El tremendo éxito del software gratuito de código abierto2 ha llevado al desarrollo de hardware gratuito de código abierto3. El software gratuito de código abierto puede emplearse, estudiarse, copiarse, modificarse y redistribuirse sin restricción, o con rest...

Aligning Executive Incentives with Global Public Health Goals

Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO)estimates that together tobacco and alcohol kill about 9 million people annually despite aggressive and widespread public health controls. These legal industries persist because of the demand for their products and their substantial economic influence, which is magnified by the concentration of wealth in the executives of leading corporations that profit from increased legal drug sales.Materials and methods: This preliminary study quantifies th...

Providing Non-food Needs if Industry is Disabled

A number of risks could cause global electrical failure, including a series of high-altitude electromagnetic pulses (HEMPs) caused by nuclear weapons, an extreme solar storm, and a coordinated computer virus attack. Since modern industry depends on electricity, it is likely that much industry and machines would grind to a halt. The most challenging need to be met in these scenarios is likely to be food, and this is analyzed elsewhere in this conference. However, without industry, food cannot ...

3-D Printing Open Source Click-MUAC Bands for Identification of Malnutrition

Objective An effective method for the diagnosis of severe acute malnutrition is the measurement of the middle upper arm circumference (MUAC). Current methods to measure MUAC in a pre-hospital setting is through the use of measuring tape indicators, which require users to be trained in how to apply, adjust the tightness and read the device properly. This represents a challenge to using MUACs in many developing world contexts. This study explores the technical viability to overcome some of thes...

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease condition that is ravaging the populace today, including Delta State of Nigeria. Dietary habits are implicated in glycaemic control,while a strong network of peer-support has positive impact on self-management behaviour. However, neither diabetes food menu plans nor peer-support network isknown to exist in Delta State public health facilities. The objective of this study is development and evaluation purposes. First is to develop pictographs of indigenou...

HOW DO TRADITIONAL BIRTH ATTENDANTS (TBAS) SUPPORT PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) OF HIV IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA? A CRITICAL LITERATURE REVIEW

Background: This study is aimed at identifying sustainable and convenient ways that traditional birth attendants (TBAs) could support prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in Sub-Saharan Africa. Method: The study was conducted using a critical literature review methodology. Key words and their alternative terms were identified. A Boolean search was carried out using the keywords and their alternative terms in Global Health, PubMed and ...

Substance abuse and mental health effects among the youth: Implications for research

The aim of the study was to explore the mental health effects of substance abuse among the youth and to examine services put in place in helping mentally disturbed as a result of substance abuse. The study adopted a cross-sectional qualitative research approach. The data was collected through in-depth face to face interviews. Participants were sampled and divided into two sections: youth abusing substances and key informants. They were drawn using purposive and snowball sampling, and d...

CHRONIC DISEASES CONCERN

Chronic diseases mean that they last a life time or for a long time. People suffering from diseases such as asthma, high blood pressure and diabetes feel stigmatized when they are referred to as disabled. Congestive heart failure and failure of organs is also classified as being chronic. To note, such kind of ailments lead to organs failure, thus lead to disability. Diseases such as asthma for instance make one not to spend life in the normal way; one has to avoid staying in the cold for too ...

Urinary Bladder Thickness, Tumor Antigen, and Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in a Low Schistosoma haematobium‑Endemic Rural Community of Nigeria

Objective: Bladder tumor antigen (BTA) is a common biomarker for urothelial carcinoma while bladder wall thickening (BWT) is a sign of urinary bladder irritation which suggests cystitis or early-stage bladder cancer pathology, most especially in the absence of bladder outlet obstruction. The aim of this study was to find the incidence of urinary bladder thickness and evaluate the relationship between BTA and BWTin a low schistosomiasis-endemic Nigerian village. Materials and Methods: The stud...

Survival time and its predictors among HIV-infected children after antiretroviral therapy in public health facilities of Arba Minch town, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

 Abstract Background: Antiretroviral therapy is a drug treatment that plays a great role in reduction of mortality among children infected with human immunodeficiency virus. Studies in Africa have shown that there is short survival time among children receiving antiretroviral therapy. Factors that contribute to low survival probability have been poorly described in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in Ethiopia. Objective: The study was conducted to estimate the survival time and ide...

DETERMINANTS OF HIGH FERTILITY AMONG MARRIED WOMEN IN ANGACHA DISTRICT, KAMBETA TEMBERO ZONE, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Fertility is the major component of population dynamics, which is used to show a major role in the size, and structure of a particular population. In Ethiopia, total fertility rate is 4.6 children per woman. This high fertility brings a significant problem on the health of mothers and children. OBJECTIVE: To identify the determinants of high fertility in Angacha District, Southern Ethiopia. METHOD: A community-based case-control study design was conducted from Sept...

Overview of Treatment Failure of Streptococcus Pneumonia amongst Children in four different Southern African Countries

Abstract:Although avertable and treatable, pneumonia is still one of the top five causes of mortality in the developing world especially in Southern Africa. One major challenge being faced globally today in the field of public health is the pneumococcal resistance to antibiotics both in infants and adults. The purpose of this review was to compare rates and causes of treatment failure in South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique. Articles used for this review were searched for in ...

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