Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

Effects of Covid-19 Pandemic on Mental Well-being of the People of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria

AbstractThe study assessed the effects of covid-19 pandemic on mental well-being of the people of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. The Purposes of the study are to identify if financial constraints, post-traumatic stress and anxiety will be effects of COVID-19 pandemic on mental well-being of the people of Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria. A descriptive research design of survey type was employed for this study. The population for this st...

Prevalence and Strategies to Reduce Malnutrition Among Children of 0-5 years in Ifedore LGA, Ondo State, Nigeria.

AbstractMalnutrition remains one of the major problems confronting children in Sub-Saharan Africa(SSA). The nutritional status of children influences their health status, which is a key determinant of child survival. Therefore, the improvement of children’s nutritional status increases the chances of child survival and is considered as a precondition for their contribution to the community as well as human development. The study was carried out to examine the prevalence and strategies to re...

Timeline of the Biggest Pandemics in History

IntroductionA pandemic (from Greek πᾶν, pan, "all" and δῆμος, demos, "local people" the 'crowd') is an epidemic of an infectious disease that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple continents or worldwide, affecting a substantial number of people. A widespread endemic disease with a stable number of infected people is not a pandemicA pandemic is the global outbreak of a disease. When an epide...

Factors influencing men’s involvement in antenatal care services: a cross-sectional study in a low resource setting, Central Tanzania

Abstract Background: Men’s involvement can impact the delays in the decision to seek health care and in reaching a health facility, which are contributing causes for increased maternal mortality. Despite of the call to involve men in antenatal care, their participation is not well understood. This study aimed to determine the level of men’s involvement in antenatal care and the factors influencing their involvement in these services. Methods: A cross sectional study of 966 randomly s...

Are Tanzanian health facilities ready to provide management of chronic respiratory diseases? An analysis of national survey for policy implications

Abstract Introduction Chronic respiratory diseases in Tanzania are prevalent and a silent burden to the affected population, and the healthcare system. We aimed to explore the availability of services and level of health facilities readiness to provide management of chronic respiratory diseases and its associated factors. Methods The current study is a secondary analysis of the 2014–2015 Tanzania Service Provision Assessment Survey data. Facilities were considered to have a high rea...

Knowledge Of AIDS And HIV Risk-Related Sexual Behavior Among Nigerian Naval Personnel

Abstract Background: The epidemic of HIV continues to grow in Nigeria. Personnel in the military are at increased risk of HIV infection. Although HIV-risk related sexual behavior of Nigerian police officers has been studied, little is known about the sexual behavior of their counterparts in the Navy. This study describes knowledge of AIDS, and HIV-risk sexual behavior of naval personnel in Lagos Nigeria.Methods: Four hundred and eighty personnel of the Nigerian Navy completed a 70-item ...

Apopo’s Tuberculosis Research Agenda: Achievements, Challenges And Prospects

Abstract:This article describes Anti-Persoonsmijnen Ontmijnende Product Ontwikkeling (APOPO) recent use of specially trained African giant pouched rats as detectors of pulmonary tuberculosis in people living in Tanzania. It summarizes the achievements and challenges encountered over the years and outlines future prospects. Since 2008, second-line screening by the rats has identified more than 2000 tuberculosis-positive patients who were missed by microscopy at Direct Observation of Treat...

Obesity And Elevated Blood Pressure Among Adolescents In Lagos, Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study

Abstract Background: Childhood obesity and associated hypertension are major public health concerns globally. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of obesity and the associated risk of high blood pressure among Nigerian adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional school-based study of 885 apparently healthy adolescents was performed. Weight, height and blood pressure (BP) were measured using standard methods. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and categorized by age, sex and perce...

Mucinous Colorectal Carcinoma in a 17-Year-Old Male: A Diagnosis with Low Clinical Index of Suspicion

AbstractPediatric CRC has a poor prognosis compared with adult CRC mainly due to delayed diagnosis. *us, early diagnosis based on a high degree of suspicion could be the most important factor in a more favorable prognosis, especially in patients with predisposing factors. CRC is one of the major causes of cancer-related death globally [1, 2]. *e most common histological subtype of CRC is adenocarcinoma NOS, of which mucinous adenocarcinoma is a distinct subtype and is characterized by...

Monitoring Of Efficacy And Safety Of Artemisininbased Anti-Malarials For Treatment Of Uncomplicated Malaria: A Review Of Evidence Of Implementation Of Anti-Malarial Therapeutic Efficacy Trial

Abstract Background: Prompt diagnosis and effective treatment are considered the cornerstones of malaria control and artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is currently the main anti-malarial drugs used for case management. After deployment of ACT due to widespread parasite resistance to the cheap and widely used anti-malarial drugs, chloroquine and sulphadoxine/pyrimethamine, the World Health Organization recommends regular surveillance to monitor the efficacy of the new drugs. The...

SOCIAL AWARENESS ABOUT HYGIENIC FOOD FOR MOTHERS & THEIR CHILDREN

In many low-income developing regions, socioeconomic, climate and demographic, food hygienic factors have been linked to around half of the disease-related deaths that occur each year in the slum area. The purpose of the study is to be aware of hygienic food for mother and their children and find out the government awareness program in the Purba Bania Khamar slums area of the Khulna city of Bangladesh. A community-based survey was carried out in this study. Factors associated with malnutritio...

Therapeutic Efficacy And Safety Of Artemether-Lumefantrine For The Treatment Of Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria In North-Eastern Tanzania

Abstract Background: The World Health Organization recommends that regular efficacy monitoring should be undertaken by all malaria endemic countries that have deployed artemisinin combination therapy (ACT). Although ACT is still efficacious for treatment of uncomplicated malaria, artemisinin resistance has been reported in South East Asia suggesting that surveillance needs to be intensified by all malaria endemic countries. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of artemether-lu...

Sexual And Reproductive Health Communication Intervention For Caretakers Of Adolescents: A Quasi-Experimental Study In Unguja- Zanzibar

Abstract Background: Caretakers/parents or parents figure need to be trained to promote effective communication about sexual and reproductive health to their adolescents. This study assessed the effect of an intervention aiming to improve caretaker-adolescent communication on sexual and reproductive health matters through improving information, motivation, and behavioral skills related to sexual health communication. The study also evaluated the relationship of information, motivation, a...

Trends in Hospitalisation for Human Immunodeficiency Virus in a Tertiary Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: A Case study

ABSTRACT Background:  Reports on systematic evaluation of the impact of antiretroviral therapy(ART) on patients’ hospitalisation in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) and Tanzania in particular are scarce. We aimed at documenting the trends of hospital admissions at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) following scale up of free access to ART in Tanzania. Methods: Records for all admissions at MNH from June 2005 to June 2015 were reviewed. We extracted data from Hospital Information Management...


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