Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

Effects of Corona Virus Pandemic on Community Health Services in Ilorin South Local Government Area of Kwara State, Nigeria.

AbstractRight from the early outbreak of coronavirus in Nigeria there have been several responses from various quarters on the effects the pandemic has done to the community health servicesa nd the health providers. The objectives of this study were to; assess effect of the Corona Virus pandemic on community health services in Ilorin South Local Government Area of Kwara State.A descriptive research design of a survey method was employed for this study. The population of the study was 120. ...

Bridging the Gap: An Analysis of the Food Safety and Hygienic Culture of International Fast Food Franchises and Local Fast Food Restaurants in Georgetown, Guyana

CONTENTSGENERAL INFORMATION.. 3Title of Study. 3Project Supervisor. 3Principal Investigator. 3PROJECT DEFINITION.. 4Definition of Terms. 4Project Summary. 4Research Question. 5Objectives. 5Anticipated ethical issues. 5Rationale. 6FINAL PROJECT OVERVIEW... 10Food Safety. 10The Codex Alimentarius. 11Restaurant Food Safety. 12UPDATED RESEARCH SUMMARY.. 14Participating Businesses. 14Demographics. 14Food Safe...

Angiotensin II type 1 of Receptor A1166C Gene Polymorphism and Essential Hypertension in the Efiks of Calabar.

Hypertension is a multifactorial disorder because of the interaction of risk genes and environmental factors. Angiotensin II is a well-known vasoconstrictor that exerts most of its influence through the angiotensin Il type 1 receptor. The A1166C polymorphism is a single base substitution of adenine for cytosine at position 1i66 in the 3 untranslated region of the gene. There are conflicting reports on the association of the Al166C polymorphism with cardiovascular diseases such as preva...

Cytokine Profiles Among HIV and Malaria Co-Infected Pregnant Mothers and their Babies Post Delivery

Abstract Malaria and HIV co-infected mothers have an increased risk of poor birth outcome, spontaneous abortion, malaria infection and early progression of HIV to AIDS. This study examines the impact of HIV and malaria on the levels of cytokines in peripheral blood from mothers and their newborns. 149 pregnant mothers and 30 babies born to 63 HIV-infected mothers were engaged in a longitudinal study for 18 months in the endemic area of Saki and Ibadan. Blood samples collected from mo...

Role of Sexual Risk Behaviors and Sexual Attitude in Perceived HIV Vulnerability Among Youths with Disabilities in Two Nigerian Cities

Abstract The role of sexual attitude and sexual risk-behavior in the perception of HIV vulnerability and differences among youths with disability and able-bodied youths was investigated. The cross-sectional survey included purposively selected youths with visual, hearing and physical impairments (n = 181) and able-bodied youths (n = 181 as a comparison group) with a mean age of 23.75 years in public institutions. Data was gathered with the use of a 44-item questionnaire which include...

Socio-Cultural Context Of Developmental Milestones In Infancy In South West Nigeria: A Qualitative Study

Abstract  Developmental milestones are generally understood to be milestones of neurological development such as neck control, sitting without support, crawling and standing. Child health care providers routinely use normative data on such milestones to evaluate child development. However, there is often a cultural context to expectations of developmental milestones. The goal of this research is to explore the socio-cultural context of developmental milestones in infancy in a Niger...

Evaluation of a School-based Reproductive Health Education Program in Rural South Western, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This quasi-experimental study compared the relative efficacy of teacher instructions alone, peer education alone, and a combination of these two on reproductive health knowledge, attitude, perceived self-efficacy and sexual practices among secondary schools students in the lbarapa district of Southwestern Nigeria. 1\ baseline questionnaire was administered to a systematic sample of students ill four schools that were randomized into four rrearment arms: teacher instructions ...

Perceptions of sexual coercion: learning from young people in Ibadan, Nigeria

ABSTRACT This study explored the problem of sexual coercion from the perspectives of 77 young people aged 14- 2 7 in Ibodan, Nigeria, the behaviours they perceive to be sexually coercive and the con texts in which these occur through four narrative workshops. Participants were drawn from two secondary schools and 15 apprentice workshops. All four groups identified similar coercive behaviours and developed narratives of the events that typically lead up to them. Behaviours included ra...

Patterns of Mother-Daughter Communication for Reproductive Health Knowledge Transfer in Southern Nigeria

ABSTRACT Many reproductive health studies have examined trends and outcomes of adolescent sexual behaviour but have overlooked the patterns of reproductive communication between mothers and daughters that have implications on girls’ reproductive wellbeing. Although there is a need to safeguard adolescent health, not enough work exists at the interface between female reproductive change and communication. The patterns of communication determine the effectiveness of reproductive know...

The age of opportunity: prevalence of key risk factors among adolescents 10–19 years of age in nine communities in sub-Saharan Africa

Abstract Objective: To measure health-related behaviours and risk factors among sub-Saharan African adolescents. methods Cross-sectional study in nine communities in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Eswatini, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda between 2015 and 2017. Community-representative samples of males and females 10–19 years of age were selected. All communities used a uniform questionnaire that was adapted from the WHO Global School-based Student Health Survey. Weighted prevalence estim...

Intestinal Schistosomiasis Among Primary Schoolchildren In Two On-Shore Communities In Rorya District, Northwestern Tanzania: Prevalence, Intensity Of Infection And Associated Risk Factors

In Tanzania, Schistosoma mansoni is of great public health importance. Understanding the prevalence and infection intensity is important for targeted, evidence-based control strategies. This study aimed at studying the prevalence, intensity, and risk factors of S. mansoni among schoolchildren in the study area. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Busanga and Kibuyi villages. Sampled 513 schoolchildren provided stool specimens which were examined using kato-katz method. Pretested quest...

Adherence To Standards Of First-Visit Antenatal Care Among Providers: A Stratified Analysis Of Tanzanian Facility-Based Survey For Improving Quality Of Antenatal Care

Introduction Despite the benefits of early antenatal care visits for early prevention, detection, and treatment of potential complications in pregnancy, a high level of provider adherence to first-visit antenatal care standards is needed. However, little information is available regarding provider adherence to antenatal care in Tanzania. This study was performed to assess provider adherence to first-visit antenatal care standards and to apply stratified analysis to identify associated fac...

Design And Field Methods Of The ARISE Network Adolescent Health Study

The ARISE Network Adolescent Health Study is an exploratory, community-based survey of 8075 adolescents aged 10–19 in 9 communities in 7 countries: Burkina Faso, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda. Communities were selected opportunistically and existing population cohorts maintained by health and demographic surveillance systems (HDSSs). The study is intended to serve as a first round of data collection for African adolescent cohorts, with the overarching goal of ...

Concerns and Needs of Support Among Guardians of Children on Cancer Treatment in Dar es Salaam: A Qualitative Study

Background:Cancer in children in Tanzania is a concerning health issue, yet there is a shortage of information about the experiences of the guardians of children who receive cancer treatment.Objective:To explore concerns and needs of support among guardians of children on cancer treatment in Dares Salaam, Tanzania.Method:Using a qualitative design,3 focus group discussions were held with 22 guardians of children aged 9 to 17 years. Guardians were recruited from Muhimbili National Hospital, Da...

Sexual Behavior And Experience Of Sexual Coercion Among Secondary School Students In Three States In North Eastern Nigeria

Abstract Background: Interest in the reproductive health of adolescents continues to grow throughout the world. Few studies had explored the reproductive health knowledge, sexual behavior and experience of sexual coercion among secondary school students in North Eastern states of Nigeria. The objectives of this descriptive survey were to collect data to plan appropriate interventions that meet the reproductive health knowledge, service and skills needs of students in Bauchi, Borno and G...


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