Research Papers/Topics in Public Health

DECOMPOSITION ON ANALYSIS OF DETERMINANTS AND CHANGE IN FERTILITY IN NIGERIA: 2003-2013

ABSTRACT Introduction: High fertility has now been identified as threat to public health because of its negative effect on maternal and child health. Globally, human population is increasing at an average rate of 1.1% per year and it has been predicted that it will be about 9.6 billion by year 2050 (Debebe, Limenih, and Biadgo 2017). In Nigeria, high population growth rate has been identified in many studies as one of the major causes of maternal and child mortality. Several multivariate tec...

A systematic review and meta-analysis on the association between indoor air pollution from household use of biomass fuels and respiratory diseases in children under 18 years

Over 3 billion people particularly in low-middle income countries rely on biomass fuel as their primary source of domestic energy. Indoor air pollution from combustion of biomass fuels accounts for 1.6 million deaths yearly with 50% of deaths occurring in children due to acute respiratory tract infections and an estimated healthcare cost of USD $10 billion annually. Numerous studies have reported the association between indoor air pollution and respiratory tract infect...

KNOWLEDGE OF PUBERTY, SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AND SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG VERY YOUNG MALE ADOLESCENT STUDENTS’ IN SOUTH-SOUTH, NIGERIA

Aim: There is impassable knowledge on the transition between childhood and adulthood among adolescents. This study was designed to investigate the knowledge of puberty, sexually transmitted infections and sexual behaviour among very young male adolescent students in South-South, Nigeria. Study Design: A descriptive cross-sectional study was used. Place and Duration of Study: Agbor Metropolis in Delta State, Nigeria, between February to April 2015. Methodology: The study utilized both quantita...

Prevalence of Physical Hazards in Public Primary Schools in South-West Nigeria

Abstract: Aim: Physical hazards (PHs) in the school environment compromise health of primary school children worldwide. Thus the study investigated the prevalence of physical hazards in public primary schools in South-West Nigeria. Methods: The study was a cross-sectional survey that involved the selection of 456 teachers from 30 selected Public Primary Schools using a 4-stage random sampling technique. Data were collected through an observational checklist and a semi-structured questionnaire...

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE OCCURENCE OF MEDICAL ERROR AMONG RESIDENT DOCTORS AT THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE OCCURRENCE OF MEDICAL ERROR AMONG RESIDENT DOCTORS AT THE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE HOSPITAL, IBADAN.Introduction: Medical errors represent a serious public health problem and pose a threat to patient safety. Some factors influence the daily practice on medicine service to patients. In Nigeria, medical error is an imperative cause of patient mortality and morbidity and it has to be addresses by creating a culture of safety in medical practice.Aim: To determine the facto...

Men's View on Female Genital Mutilation in Nigeria

Men’s View About Female Genital Mutilation: A survey of Knowledge and Attitude of Men towards Female Genital Mutilation in Obi Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria Abstract Background: Female genital mutilation has been in practice in many African countries for so many years and has now infiltrated the western world through immigrant to countries such as the United Kingdom, United States of America, Australia, Canada and other European countries, making it a global...

PREVALENT OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS ASSOCIATED WITH HIV-POSITIVE CHILDREN AGED 0-5 YEARS IN NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL, NNEWI (NAUTH), ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Children are at the centre of the HIV epidemic, and the need to prioritize actions to reduce HIV infection among young people has now been globally recognized. Because HIV-infected women co-infected with opportunistic pathogens might be more likely to transmit these infections to their infants than women without HIV infection, this study is being conducted to determine if guidelines for ...