Botany Research Papers/Topics

Diversity, Distribution And Control Of Aquatic Macrophytes Of Southern Ghana With Particular Reference To The Alien Invasives

ABSTRACT The diversity and distribution of aquatic macrophytes particularly the invasives were studied in southern Ghana. The study area covered six regions in Ghana and these were: Greater Accra, Central, Ashanti, Eastern, Volta and Western. Forty-four sampling sites were visited and voucher specimens were collected and deposited in the Ghana Herbarium. Sixty-two aquatic macrophytes were encountered during the study which belonged to 48 genera and 30 families. Also, the invasive and non-in...

The Study of the Motors Affecting the Natural Resistance of the Wood of Terminalia Ivorensis against Termite Attack

ABSTRACT The natural Radial and axial variations in the resistance of the wood of Termihalia ivorensis A* Chev, against damage by subterranean termites were investigated for two trees from the same locality- The damage was studied in relation to specific gravity, the modulus of elasticity, the cross-sectional area of vessels in the wood,, and the water soluble extractives. The correlation between termite damage and these physical, mechanical and anatomical properties have been reported. It wa...

Studies Of Listeria Monocytogenes (Bacterium) In Some Selected Local Government Areas Of Plateau State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Studies were carried out on the distribution, characterization, pathogenicity and antibiotic susceptibility of Listeria monocytogenes in Six Local Government Areas of Plateau State, Nigeria. A total of One hundred and fifty (150) experimental samples were taken from each test Local Government Area. The isolation was carried out with the aid of cold enrichment, selective broth and selective Listeria agar. The experimental samples examined included: cow, goat, poultry, rabbit and sheep...

Screening For Source-Sink Potentials In Some Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas(L.)Lam.) Lines In Jos – Plateau, Nigeria

ABSTRACT Fourteen (14) sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas(L.)Lam.) clones, TIS.8441, Ex-Igbariam, TIS.86/0356, TIS.86/0306, TIS.2271, TIS.2532.OP.1.13, CIP 4400168, TIS.2544 Rusanya 1.5, TIS.82/0270.OP.1.85, TIS.82/0070.OP.120, TIS.8/637, NRCRI/UN/13, TIS.87/0087 and a farmer’s variety(Dan-Mangu), were screened during the cropping seasons of 2000 and 2001, to evaluate their yield potentials under the Jos-Plateau environment. The randomized complete block design was used with four replications. O...

Evaluation Of Possible Fungitoxic And Antibacterial Activity Of Some Local Plants

ABSTRACT The effects of water and methanol extracts of 19 Ghanaian plants belonging to 12 families on some aspects of the physiology of five fungi (Scopulariopsis brevicaulis, Aspergillus niger, A. flavus, Sclerotium rolfsii, Nigrospora sp.), and five bacterial species (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella (Group C,), Escherichia coli (EPEC 0:43), E. coli (ETEC OK5)) were investigated in vitro in either liquid or agar medium amended with varying dilutions (1:1 - 1:5 v/v)...

Genetic Studies on Seed Coat Texture And Cooking Time in Some Varieties of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.)

ABSTRACT Genetic studies on seed coat texture and cooking time in some varieties of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) were carried out between August 14, 2000 and November 20, 2002 and August 2, 2001 and December 3, 2003 respectively. The experiments were carried out at the research and teaching farm, Federal University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State. Randomized complete block design with five replications was used for the two experiments. Appropriate crosses were made among eight co...

Studies on The Physiology of ACHLYA MEGASPERMA HUMPHREY Occurring in Ponds on The Accra Plains With Special Reference to its Tolerance to Organic And Inorganic Pollution

ABSTRACT Achlya megasperma sporulated best s.t 30°C and at pH 7.0 to 9.0. Light had no effect on forration of the sporangia. Certain concentrations of CaCl-,., ^ulcitol. Mg SO^^H^O, Malt extract, neptone and Yeast extract enhanced sporangial formation. The mineral salts, CuS04 .5H20, FeCljs MnS04 .4H20 and Zn Cl2 depressed sporangial formation. Gemmae were produced in great quantities in solutions of 0.1, 0.2 and 0,4 per cent haemoglobin and 1x0 ^ and 0_5M Zn Cl^. Sporangial formation was a...

EVALUATION OF RHIZOBIUM AND MYCORRHIZA INTERACTIONS IN SUSTAINABLE MAIZE (Zea mays L.) AND SOYABEAN (Glycine max L.) PRODUCTION

Maize and soyabean are among the staples in the world. Their sustainable production through the use of synthetic fertilizer causes soil degradation and ground water contamination. An alternative means of boosting and sustaining the production of these staples through the use of rhizobium and mycorrhiza have been reported but there are contradictory reports on interactions between the two organisms. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess the influence of Rhizobium japonicum ...

CULTIVATION AND MOLECULAR CHARACTERISATION OF Auricularia SPECIES IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

Mushroom is a macro-fungus with a unique fruiting body, that can be easily seen with the naked eye and large enough to be picked by hand, which can be either epigeous or hypogenous (Chang and Miles, 2004) Macrofungi are lower plants that lack flowers and fruits of the higher orders (Adejumo and Awosanya, 2005; Ayodele and Akpaja, 2007). There are two major groups of macrofungi which are toadstools and mushrooms. Mushrooms locally known as ‘olu’ in the Southwestern Nigeria are a grou...

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF THREE CULTIVATED Pleurotus SPECIES ON SELECTED TROPICAL TREES SAWDUSTS

The quest to boost dietary protein production from readily available and affordable sources is ever increasing in developing countries. The indigenous edible Pleurotus species (oyster mushrooms), which grow naturally on wood wastes, are potential protein supplements. However, little information is available on the usage of selected tropical trees for optimum mushroom cultivation. Therefore, this research was designed to investigate the growth and yield of oyster mushrooms on sawdust of s...

AGROFORESTRY PRACTICES AND THEIR POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO SOIL FERTILITY AND FOOD PRODUCTION IN KATSINA STATE, NIGERIA

Unsustainable forest land use practices have resulted in land degradation in the northern part of Nigeria leading to low crop yield. Agroforestry is a viable option for reversing dwindling crop yields through proper soil management practices. There is notably no sufficient published information on the contributions of agroforestry to food production in Katsina State. The practices of agroforestry and its potential to slow down the pace of soil degradation and boost food production in Ka...

MODELLING OF HEAVY METAL BIOACCUMULATION OF Eichhornia crassipes [MART.] SOLMS AND Pistia stratiotes L. IN OLOGE LAGOON, LAGOS, NIGERIA

Nigeria has a population estimated at about 183.5 million people with an average annual growth rate of about 2.75% {United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP, 2012). In order to adequately cater for this population, there is the need to diversify the economy from its perennial mono-economic status depending mostly on crude oil to multi-economic structure with the development of more sectors especially the industrial and agricultural sectors. Industrial revolution in Nigeria has been gra...

THE ROLE OF LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES AND OTHER BACTERIA IN MENINGITIS AND SPONTANEOUS ABORTION IN SOME TOWNS IN NORTHERN NIGERIA

The involvement of Listeria monocytogenes in bacterial meningitis and spontaneous abortion in some towns in northern Nigeria was investigated. Three hundred cerebrospinalfluid (CSF) samples, 300 blood and 300 placenta swab samples were collected from meningitis and spontaneous abortion patients in the study area of Bauchi, Jos and Kano. Three hundred nono (a fermented milk product) samples were also collected from milk hawkers at various locations in the study areas. The samples were in...

Studies On The Screening Of Some Ghanaian Plants For Fungitoxic Activity Against Five Fungal Pathogens

ABSTRACT The effect of the aqueous and methanol extracts of 12 Ghanaian plants belonging to 10 families on some aspects of the physiology of Sclerotium rolfsii, Helminthosporium sp., Aspergillus niger, A. flavus and Fusarium oxysporium were investigated in vitro in either liquid broth or agar medium amended with varying dilutions (undiluted, 1:1 - 1:5 v/v) of the extracts. Comparatively higher fungistasis against Sclerotium rolfsii and Helminthosporium sp. were found in both aqueous and metha...

Leaf Litter Production And Soil Fertility Improvement In A Homegarden In The Akuapem District Of Ghana

Abstract Ceiba pentandra, Colagigantea,Lanneawelwitschii,Militia excelsa (all non-leguminous) and Milletia zechiana (leguminous) are among the various tree species retained on cropping fields in the Akuapem District of Ghana, but little is known of the actual contribution of these species to soil fertility improvement. Leaf litter samples from the above-mentioned non-leguminous species were analysed to determine their nutrient content. Leaf litter production was also quantified monthly over a...


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